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Macher H.,University of Seville | Egea-Guerrero J.J.,Servicio Of Cuidados Criticos gencias Del Hospital Of Traumatologia Del Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio Of Seville | Revuelto-Rey J.,Servicio Of Cuidados Criticos gencias Del Hospital Of Traumatologia Del Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio Of Seville | Gordillo-Escobar E.,Servicio Of Cuidados Criticos gencias Del Hospital Of Traumatologia Del Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio Of Seville | And 8 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2012

Introduction: Circulating cell-free DNA levels are increased after trauma injury. This increase is higher since the first hours after trauma and may be related with primary outcome. A sensitive and reliable biomarker for patients at higher risk is needed to identify these patients to initiate early intervention. In this way, circulating DNA may be a possible biological marker after severe TBI. Materials and methods: We investigated DNA plasma concentrations after severe traumatic brain injury and during the next 96. h in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) by real time PCR. 65 patients suffering severe TBI were included in the study. Results: Cell-free DNA levels were considerably higher in patients samples compared with voluntary control ones. After the following four days we observed a 51% decrease during the first 24. h and a 71% fall from 48. h. TBI population was stratified for the primary outcome (survivors/non-survivor) and DNA levels decrease ratio was calculated for the first 48. h. A higher decrease in the survivors from 0. h to 24. h compared with the non-survivors was found. A cut-off point of 1.95 ratio was established for the detection of the highest proportions of patients after the TBI that will not survive after the injury with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 66%. Conclusions: In summary we showed that severe TBI is associated with elevated cf-DNA levels and we propose that cf-DNA decrease during the first 24. h may predict patient outcome. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

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