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José de San Martín, Argentina

Chernicoff C.J.,CONICET | Zappettini E.O.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino SEGEMAR | Santos J.O.S.,University of Western Australia | Santos J.O.S.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | And 2 more authors.
International Geology Review | Year: 2016

We present U-Pb Sensitive High Mass Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP) data of unexposed igneous-metamorphic basement rocks from two areas of the southeastern Río de la Plata craton (RPC; Buenos Aires city) located within the Buenos Aires-Piedra Alta (BAPA) terrane - and the Tapalqué area (Buenos Aires province) - located within the Tandilia terrane, and discuss the tectonic evolution of that portion of the craton based on both the new data and previous work. The newly obtained geochronological data of drill cores indicate that: (a) arc magmatism occurred at 2164-2186 Ma corresponding to early Trans-Amazon (early Rhyacian) arc magmatism; (b) the age of collision between the BAPA and Tandilia terranes is inferred to have commenced at ca. 2110 Ma; (c) peak metamorphism occurred at ca. 2069 Ma; and (d) the presence of rocks related to the RPC is confirmed under Cenozoic sediments in a large area between Martin Garcia Island and Tandil. We envisage an early Rhyacian divergent double subduction scheme between the BAPA and Tandilia terranes - i.e. N-dipping towards BAPA and S-dipping towards Tandilia - prior to the late Rhyacian collision between these two terranes. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Zaffarana C.B.,University of Buenos Aires | Lagorio S.L.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino SEGEMAR | Somoza R.,University of Buenos Aires | Somoza R.,CONICET
Andean Geology | Year: 2012

A paleomagnetic study on nine samples from lavas from the Upper Cretaceous Tres Picos Prieto locality (43°50'S and 70°3'W), Patagonian Plateau Basaltic Province, revealed that a ca. 300 m thick pile of basalts accumulated during three discrete (i.e., temporally separated) volcanic episodes. The chemistry of these lavas shows characteristics compatible with both subduction and intraplate magmatism, with the former having a more important contribution in the younger lavas. Overall, we interpret these rocks to be transitional basalts generated in a supra-subduction environment. The Late Cretaceous to Cenozoic Patagonian Plateau Basaltic Province crops out from eastern Patagonia to the cordillera, and their genesis have been associated with different tectonic processes, even for spatially separated rocks of the same age. Considering that the development of the magmatic province is contemporary with the stage of westward drift of South America, we propose that magma generation and upwelling due to rapidly shearing asthenosphere inducing circulatory flow associated to asperities in the lithosphere-asthenosphere interface (shear-driven upwelling) can be evaluated as a further potential mechanism to account for many outcrops of these backarc to intraplate lavas.

Poma S.,University of Buenos Aires | Zappettini E.O.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino SEGEMAR | Quenardelle S.,University of Buenos Aires | Santos J.O.,University of Western Australia | And 3 more authors.
Andean Geology | Year: 2014

We have carried out zircon U-Pb SHRIMP dating and Hf isotope determinations as well as geochemical analyses on three plutonic units of Gondwanan magmatism that crop out in NW Argentina. Two episodes of different age and genesis have been identified. The older one includes gabbros and diorites (Río Grande Unit) of 267±3 Ma and granitoids (belonging to the Llullaillaco Unit) of 263±1 Ma (late Permian, Guadalupian); the parent magmas were generated in an intraplate environment and derived from an enriched mantle but were subsequently contaminated by crustal components. The younger rocks are granodiorites with arc signature (Chuculaqui Unit) and an age of 247±2 Ma (middle Triassic-Anisian). Hf isotope signature of the units indicates mantle sources as well as crustal components. Hf model ages obtained are consistent with the presence of crustal Mesoproterozoic (mainly Ectasian to Calymnian (TDM(c) =1.24 to 1.44 Ga-negative Hf(T)) and juvenile Cryogenian sources (TDM=0.65 to 0.79 Ga-positive εHf(T)), supporting the idea of a continuous, mostly Mesoproterozoic, basement under the Central Andes, as an extension of the Arequipa-Antofalla massif. The tectonic setting and age of the Gondwanan magmatism in NW Argentina allow to differentiate: a. Permian intra-plate magmatism developed under similar conditions to the upper section of the Choiyoi magmatism exposed in the Frontal Cordillera and San Rafael Block, Argentina; b. Triassic magmatism belonging to a poorly known subduction-related magmatic arc segment of mostly NS trend with evidence of porphyry type mineralization in Chile, allowing to extend this metallotect into Argentina.

Perez D.J.,University of Buenos Aires | D'Odorico Benites P.E.,University of Buenos Aires | D'Odorico Benites P.E.,ArPetrol Argentina S.A | Godeas M.C.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino SEGEMAR
Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina | Year: 2010

The advanced spaceborne thermal emission and reflection radiometer (ASTER) was used to identify different deposits of hydrothermal alteration which indicates that several important lithological groups can be mapped in areas with good exposure by using spectral-matching techniques. Different methods are tested in order to identify and map zones with hydrothermal alteration minerals using the ASTER dataset. These areas are often referred to having large quantities of clay minerals which can be detected using multispectral imagery. Several authors have developed different procedures to map these hydrothermal minerals. Among the simplest ones, band combinations and band ratios have proven to be very useful tools for identifying targets. Lithology indexes point to reinforce the spectral response of this group of minerals working with band products and ratios. So far, these techniques do not need a full image correction. Other methods here employed require further processing of the ASTER scene, especially when spectral data are used. These techniques include spectral angle mapper (SAM) classification and minimum noise fraction (MNF) transforms to segregate noise and reduce computational requirements. Spectral data used in this paper were collected from field samples using SWIR (short wave infrared) reflectance spectroscopy and derived from the scene itself. These mapping methods have been tested in areas of known hydrothermal alteration occurrences, e.g. Los Pelambres, El Pachón and Altar, and in other sector of Santa Cruz region like Carnicerias and La Coipa; all of these at the south westernmost part of San Juan province. The result of this work is here presented as a series of images showing lithology indexes and an expected mineral assembly.

Zaffarana C.B.,University of Buenos Aires | Lopez de luchi M.G.,CONICET | Lopez de luchi M.G.,Institute Geocronologia | Somoza R.,University of Buenos Aires | And 6 more authors.
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2010

The Central Patagonian Batholith is a suite of acid and meso-silicic rocks cropping out in central Patagonia. The emplacement of these rocks has been proposed to be related to the activity of a system of dextral transcurrent faults, the NW-SE Gastre Fault System. This fault system has been ascribed a transcontinental magnitude and a ∼500 km dextral displacement during Gondwana dismembering in Jurassic times. However, the timing, kinematics and amount of displacement of the Gastre Fault System are still controversial. In this work we have visited two localities which were subject of controversial observations, in order to perform petrographical, microstructural and anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility studies to contribute to the ongoing discussion. The results mostly agree with the findings von Gosen and Loske (2004) in that rocks spatially and temporally associated to the Gastre Fault System do not show evidence supporting the existence of a major dextral fault system active during Jurassic times. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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