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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Suarez M.,Andres Bello University | Marquez M.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino | De La Cruz R.,Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria | Navarrete C.,National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco | Fanning M.,Australian National University
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2014

Four new SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages older than 93 Ma from samples of the two uppermost formations accumulated in two different depocenters (Golfo de San Jorge and Cañadón Asfalto basins) of the Chubut Group in central Argentinean Patagonia, establish a pre-late Cenomanian-? early Turonian age for the group. It also confirms a coeval and comparable evolution of the two depocenters, where distal pyroclastic material was deposited together with fluvial and lacustrine facies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Foix N.,National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco | Foix N.,CONICET | Paredes J.M.,National University of Patagonia San Juan Bosco | Giacosa R.E.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino | And 2 more authors.
Sedimentary Geology | Year: 2013

The Upper Paleocene Río Chico Formation is a 50-180. m thick fluvial succession developed in a passive-margin setting, Golfo San Jorge basin, Central Patagonia, Argentina. A detailed description and interpretation of outcrops was carried out, analyzing exposures from the northern basin margin to the most complete successions at the southern depocenter. The unit is characterized by a regional fluvial system that flowed to the south-east. Five main lithofacies associations were defined: (I) active fluvial channels, with three sub-types: braided, meandering and low-sinuosity, (II) sheet-flood deposits, (III) proximal floodplain (natural levee and crevasse-splay), (IV) distal floodplain, and (V) abandoned channels.Lateral/vertical changes in fluvial architecture of the Río Chico Formation were recognized by variations in preserved thickness, fluvial styles, geometry of fluvial channels, regional paleoflow directions, and channel/floodplain ratios. Close to the northern basin margin, the fluvial succession is 50-60. m thick, composed of braided channels, sheet-flow deposits, and high channel/floodplain ratio. In a basinward direction, the alluvial succession increases to 180. m in thickness, the dominant fluvial styles change to low-sinuosity and meandering channels and channel/floodplain ratio reduces.The fluvial architecture of the Río Chico Formation shows two main depositional trends that resulted from changes in accommodation space across the basin. The interpreted break-point coincides with the underlying Cretaceous basin-boundary, thus the synsedimentary extensional reactivation of the pre-existing tectonic lineament generated differential subsidence, delimiting two different accommodation settings. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

In this paper new basaltic outcrops from Ramírez de Velasco ranger (Santiago del Estero province) are described. They are basaltic dikes that vary from few meters to two kilometers long across the igneous basement. All these rocks show dark colors with aphyric (S9 sample) to porphyritic (S17 and S20 samples) textures. When these basalts present phenocrysts, they are composed of lagioclase within a groundmass of subophitic texture. The low alteration of the groundmass allows to recognise microliths of labradorite, augite and opaque minerals of about 0.2 and 0.5 mm. These sizes suggest a hypabisal emplacement of the biggest dikes. Sericite, chlorite, epidote, sphene and opaque minerals compose the alteration assemblage on these rocks. Quartz and carbonates mainly fill small cavities. The geochemical compositions of all analyzed samples support the petrographic classification. They have negative slopes of their trace elements and evidence affiliation with calc-alkaline basalts from magmatic arcs. Their similar textures, mineralogy and chemical compositions suggest that all these basalts where crystallized from the same source and due to the same magmatic process. On the basis of all these data and the features of the basalts that crops out in the surrounding of the study area, this volcanism is attributed to the post-orogenic stage of the Pampean orogeny and therefore it is correlated with the Balbuena Formation (Sierra Norte of Córdoba). Source

Violante R.,Servicio de Hidrografia Naval | Osella A.,University of Buenos Aires | Vega M.D.L.,University of Buenos Aires | Rovere E.,Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino | Osterrieth M.,University of the Sea
Journal of South American Earth Sciences | Year: 2010

Lakes are key sites for studying paleoclimates. Llancanelo Lake (southern Mendoza Province, western Argentina) is an endoreic, highly saline water body located in the southern extreme of a tectonic basin, the Central or Huarpes Depression. The lake is located between the Andean Cordillera, San Rafael Block and Payenia Volcanic Field. The lake evolved as a major regional depocenter during the Pliocene-Quaternary, hence it contains important thicknesses of intra and extra basinal clastic and evaporitic sediments mainly dominated by volcaniclastic products. The main conditioning factors in the lake evolution were arc and back-arc volcanism as well as climatic changes. Geomorphological and sedimentary evidence supports the hypothesis that the lake was in past times larger than in present days. This paper estimates the lake's former extension on the western lacustrine plain using electromagnetic induction (EMI) and geoelectricity (Multielectrode Resistivity Meter) surveys, as well as shallow wells, along an 8. km long transect perpendicular to the lake's western shoreline. The geophysical and sedimentological information, as well as microfaunal studies, lab analysis and petrographic/EDAX determinations, support the presence, in the subsoil, of a lacustrine sequence at least 30. m thick composed mainly of volcaniclastic sediments. Volcanic eruptions and climatic changes influenced the evolution of the lake, producing intercalations in the lacustrine sedimentary sequences of ash layers, evaporites, soils, and eolian and swamp deposits. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. Source

The succession of microfossil assemblages in the almost complete marine Late Cretaceous- Miocene stratigraphic column found in the Fuegian Andes, the orogenic margin of the Austral Basin, reveals a close relationship with the local tectonic events, the Atlantic transgressions-regressions on the Patagonian Platform, and the most relevant paleoceanographic global events. The Fuegian upper Campanian-lower Eocene sequence, dominated by flysch-type assemblages of agglutinated foraminifers and poorly oxygenated waters of fairly limited depth, is coherent with silled basins in a recently proposed cortical stretching period. The Maastrichtian (Policarpo Formation) has a cosmopolitan agglutinated foraminiferal assemblage contrasting with the coeval austral endemic calcareous assemblages of Patagonia. In the Paleocene/Eocene transition the assemblages of calcareous microfossils, of restricted distribution, exhibit the greatest Cenozoic turnover from a cosmopolitan Midway-type assemblage (La Barca Formation) to a strongly endemic Early Eocene assemblage (Punta Noguera Formation), with the oldest records of the Fuegian-Patagonian Cenozoic most typical genera. The Early Paleogene has no record of philothermic taxa such as larger foraminifera or morozovelids planktonic foraminifera, and only a short-lived bryozoan limestone (Río Bueno Formation) and the low percentage of the ostracod family Hemicytheridae insinuated a warm period. The upper middle-uppermost Eocene sequence (La Despedida Group) starts with a transgression recorded in the Austral Basin (Leticia, Man Aike, Río Turbio formations and Boltovskoyella beds), and in the Colorado Basin. This transgression is coeval with a temperature peak of 42 Ma, bringing a Fuegian retrograde fauna and a foraminiferal assemblage with large-sized nodosarids, which were replaced throughout the Late Eocene (Cerro Colorado Formation) by typical Antarctic genera that reflect the falling global temperature, culminating in the Tenuitella insolita Zone with abundant Chiloguembelina, a local effect of the global environmental fluctuations. The Eocene/Oligocene boundary and the Oi-1 seem to be represented by an unconformity and/or the Tchat Chii Conglomerate. In the earliest Oligocene (Maria Cristina beds) foredeep environments below the LCC and deep water foraminifer indicators appear, contrasting with coeval global high δ18O values and a Late Eocene-Early Oligocene withdrawal in the Patagonian Platform, which suggest that the coeval deepening recorded in the Fuegian Andes is due only to tectonic causes that facilitated the incursion of Antarctic waters into the basin. The latest Oligocene-Early Miocene global warm anomaly corresponds to a constriction period of the Drake Passage; in the Fuegian Andes lysocline conditions dominate, and a generalized transgression occurs including an Antarctic corrosive water current, which penetrates in the Patagonian Platform; on both regions, there are minor discontinuities coincident with the Mi-1, and an extended unconformity is found prior to the mid Miocene transgressive pulse coeval with the Neogene optimum. Source

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