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Ruiz J.C.,Universitario Marques Of Valdecilla | Andres A.,Servicio de Nefrologia Hospital | Rengel M.,Universitario Gregorio Maranon | Escuin F.,Servicio de Nefrologia Hospital la Paz | And 4 more authors.
NDT Plus | Year: 2010

Background. Renal re-transplants are increasing in number, due to many first renal transplant patients coming back to dialysis treatment. There are controversial opinions about the evolution of these re-transplanted patients. The aim of our study is to analyse the prognosis of patients and grafts under a renal re-transplant.Methods. This was a retrospective study of 579 renal re-transplants realized in 15 Spanish different centres in the years 1990, 1994, 1998 and 2002 including all renal re-transplants realized in the above-mentioned centres during the same periods.Results. During the follow-up period, 8.81% of patients died. The actuarial patient survival was 85% at 10 years and 80% at 15 years. Principal reasons of death were the same as normal for the renal transplanted patient: cardiovascular (30.77%), infectious (13.46%) and neoplastic (13.46%). During the period of follow-up, 28.6% of the grafts were lost. The actuarial graft survival was 75% at 10 years and 58% at 15 years. Causes of graft loss are very similar to those described in literature.Conclusion. Renal re-transplant is a kind of substitute renal treatment with excellent clinical results that allow to take it as a first-order modality of treatment when the first renal transplant has failed. The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.2010Oxford University PressThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.

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