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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Jerkovich F.,Servicio de Clinica Medica | Remon J.A.,Servicio de Clinica Medica | Barretto M.,Servicio de Clinica Medica | Ciocchini C.,Servicio de Clinica Medica | Speroni G.,Servicio de Medicina Transfusional
Medicina (Argentina) | Year: 2014

Hypertriglyceridemia is reported as cause of 1 to 4% of the episodes of acute pancreatitis. We report the case of a 42-year-old woman with a history of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia, with triglycerides of 9365 mg/dl, total cholesterol of 1822 mg/dl, one month prior to the consultation. She presented at the emergency unit with a 5 day history of abdominal pain, which progressed in intensity in the last 48 hours. Abdominal computed tomography revealed pancreatic and peripancreatic inflammation. Thirty-six hours after admission, a first session of plasmapheresis was conducted with a plasma triglyceride and cholesterol reduction of 25 and 30%, respectively. A second session was performed the next day, with a further reduction of triglycerides to 996 mg/dl and cholesterol to 238 mg/dl. During hospitalization the patient presented fever and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia with no pancreatic collection or necrosis in tomography and, later on, nosocomial pneumonia, both infections with adequate response to antibiotic therapy. At the time of discharge, triglycerides and cholesterol levels were 652 mg/dl and 167 mg/dl respectively, no abdominal pain was present and the patient resumed oral nutrition. We observed a 90% reduction of triglycerides and 87% of cholesterol after 2 sessions of plasmapheresis, compared to 70% in average of reduction in most of the studies reviewed. We did not find the presence of bacteremia or nosocomial pneumonia as complications in the reported cases. © 2014, Medicina (B. Aires). All rights reserved. Source

Paparini D.,University of Buenos Aires | Gori S.,CONICET | Grasso E.,University of Buenos Aires | Scordo W.,Servicio de Medicina Transfusional | And 4 more authors.
Acta Physiologica | Year: 2015

Background: Maternal antigen-presenting cells attracted to the pregnant uterus interact with trophoblast cells and modulate their functional profile to favour immunosuppressant responses. Non-neuronal cholinergic system is expressed in human cytotrophoblast cells and in immune cells with homeostatic regulatory functions. Aim: The aim of this work was to evaluate whether non-neuronal acetylcholine conditions maternal monocyte and DC migration and activation profiles. Methods: We used an in vitro model resembling maternal-placental interface represented by the co-culture of human trophoblast cells (Swan-71 cell line) and monocytes or DC. Results: When cytotrophoblast cells were treated with neostigmine (Neo) to concentrate endogenous acetylcholine levels, monocyte migration was increased. In parallel, high levels of IL-10 and decreased levels of TNF-α were observed upon interaction of maternal monocytes with trophoblast cells. This effect was synergized by Neo and was prevented by atropine, a muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist. Similarly, trophoblast cells increased the migration of DC independently of Neo treatment; however, enhanced IL-10 and MCP-1 synthesis in trophoblast-DC co-cultures with no changes in TNF-α and IL-6 was observed. In fact, there were no changes in HLA-DR, CD86 or CD83 expression. Finally, trophoblast cells treated with Neo increased the expression of two antigen-presenting cells attracting chemokines, MCP-1, MIP-1α and RANTES through muscarinic receptors, and it was prevented by atropine. Conclusions: Our present results support a novel role of acetylcholine synthesized by trophoblast cells to modulate antigen-presenting cell migration and activation favouring an immunosuppressant profile that contributes to immune homeostasis maintenance at the maternal-foetal interface. © 2015 Scandinavian Physiological Society. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Crisp R.L.,Hospital Nacional Alejandro Posadas | Crisp R.L.,University of Buenos Aires | Solari L.,Laboratorio Of Citometria | Vota D.,University of Buenos Aires | And 12 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2011

This prospective study was carried out to assess the usefulness of five laboratory tests in the diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis (HS), based on the correlation of erythrocyte membrane protein defects with clinical and laboratory features, and also to determine the membrane protein deficiencies detected in Argentina. Of 116 patients and their family members tested, 62 of them were diagnosed to have HS. The specificity of cryohemolysis (CH) test was 95.2%, and its cut-off value to distinguish HS from normal was 2.8%. For flow cytometry, cut-off points of 17% for mean channel fluorescence (MCF) decrease and 14% coefficient of variation (CV) increase showed 95.9% and 92.2% specificity, respectively. Both tests showed the highest percentages of positive results for diagnosis. Either CH or flow cytometry was positive in 93.5% of patients. In eight patients, flow cytometry was positive only through CV increase. Protein defects were detected in 72.3% of patients; ankyrin and spectrin were the most frequently found deficiencies. The CV of the fluorescence showed significantly higher increases in moderate and severe anemia than in mild anemia (p=0.003). Severity of anemia showed no other correlation with tests results, type of deficient protein, inheritance pattern, or neonatal jaundice. CH and flow cytometry are easy methods with the highest diagnostic accuracy. Simultaneous reading of mean channel fluorescence (MCF) decrease and CV increase improve diagnostic usefulness of flow cytometry. This test seems to be a reliable predictor of severity. The type of detected protein deficiency has no predictive value for outcome. Predominant ankyrin and spectrin deficiencies agree with reports from other Latin American countries. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Trinks J.,Institute Ciencias Basicas y Medicina Experimental ICBME | Trinks J.,CONICET | Hulaniuk M.L.,Institute Ciencias Basicas y Medicina Experimental ICBME | Caputo M.,CONICET | And 14 more authors.
Pharmacogenomics Journal | Year: 2014

The prevalence of genetic polymorphisms identified as predictors of therapeutic-induced hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance differs among ethnic groups. However, there is a paucity of information about their prevalence in South American populations, whose genetic background is highly admixed. Hence, single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs12979860, rs1127354 and rs7270101 were characterized in 1350 healthy individuals, and ethnicity was assessed in 259 randomly selected samples. The frequency of rs12979860CC, associated to HCV treatment response, and rs1127354nonCC, related to protection against hemolytic anemia, were significantly higher among individuals with maternal and paternal Non-native American haplogroups (64.5% and 24.2%), intermediate among admixed samples (44.1% and 20.4%) and the lowest for individuals with Native American ancestry (30.4% and 6.5%). This is the first systematic study focused on analyzing HCV predictors of antiviral response and ethnicity in South American populations. The characterization of these variants is critical to evaluate the risk-benefit of antiviral treatment according to the patient ancestry in admixed populations. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Pontoriero A.C.,Institute Ciencias Basicas y Medicina Experimental ICBME | Trinks J.,Institute Ciencias Basicas y Medicina Experimental ICBME | Trinks J.,CONICET | Hulaniuk M.L.,Institute Ciencias Basicas y Medicina Experimental ICBME | And 14 more authors.
BMC Genetics | Year: 2015

Background: The global burden of chronic liver disease is rising. Besides environmental, behavioral, viral and metabolic factors, genetic polymorphisms in patatin-like phospholipase-3 (PNPLA3) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genes have been related to the development of chronic liver disease and progression towards liver cancer. Although their prevalence differs remarkably among ethnic groups, the frequency of these polymorphisms in South American populations -whose genetic background is highly admixed- has been poorly studied. Hence, the aim of this study was to characterize polymorphisms related to chronic liver disease and their association with the genetic ancestry of South American populations. Results: DNA samples from 258 healthy unrelated male volunteers were analyzed. The frequencies of G and C alleles of rs738409 polymorphism (PNPLA3 gene) were 74 % and 26 %, respectively; whereas the bAt (CCA) haplotype (VDR gene) was observed in 32.5 % of the samples. The GG genotype of PNPLA3 rs738409 and the bAt (CCA) haplotype -associated with an increased risk of chronic liver disease and progression towards liver cancer- were significantly more frequent among samples exhibiting maternal and paternal Native American haplogroups (63.7 % and 64.6 %), intermediate among admixed samples (45.1 % and 44.9 %; p = 0.03) and the lowest for Non-native American ancestry (30.1 % and 29.6 %; p = 0.001 and p = 0.0008). Conclusions: These results suggest that individuals with Native American ancestry might have a high risk of chronic liver disorders and cancer. Furthermore, these data not only support the molecular evaluation of ancestry in multi-ethnic population studies, but also suggest that the characterization of these variants in South American populations may be useful for establishing public health policies aimed at high risk ethnic communities. © 2015 Pontoriero et al. Source

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