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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Munoz-Hernandez R.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio | Vallejo-Vaz A.J.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio | Moreno-Luna R.,Hospital Nacional de Paraplejicos | Caballero-Eraso C.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Study objectives: This study tries to assess the endothelial function in vivo using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and several biomarkers of endothelium formation/restoration and damage in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome at baseline and after three months with CPAP therapy. Design: Observational study, before and after CPAP therapy. Setting and Patients: We studied 30 patients with apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) >15/h that were compared with themselves after three months of CPAP therapy. FMD was assessed non-invasively in vivo using the Laser-Doppler flowmetry. Circulating cell-free DNA (cf-DNA) and microparticles (MPs) were measured as markers of endothelial damage and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was determined as a marker of endothelial restoration process. Measurements and results: After three month with CPAP, FMD significantly increased (1072.26 ± 483.21 vs. 1604.38 ± 915.69 PU, p< 0.005) cf-DNA and MPs significantly decreased (187.93 ± 115.81 vs. 121.28 ± 78.98 pg/ml, p<0.01, and 69.60 ± 62.60 vs. 39.82 ± 22.14 U/μL, p<0.05, respectively) and VEGF levels increased (585.02 ± 246.06 vs. 641.11 ± 212.69 pg/ml, p<0.05). These changes were higher in patients with more severe disease. There was a relationship between markers of damage (r = -0.53, p<0.005) but not between markers of damage and restoration, thus suggesting that both types of markers should be measured together. Conclusions CPAP therapy improves FMD. This improvement may be related to an increase of endothelial restoration process and a decrease of endothelial damage. Copyright: © 2015 Muñoz-Hernandez et al. Source


San-Jose L.M.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | San-Jose L.M.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology | Granado-Lorencio F.,Servicio de Bioquimica Clinica | Fitze P.S.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Functional Ecology | Year: 2012

The importance of dietary lipids for carotenoid-based ornaments has rarely been investigated, although theory predicts that dietary lipids may control the development of these widespread animal signals. Dietary lipids have been suggested to enhance the expression of male carotenoid-based ornaments because they provide carotenoids with a hydrophobic domain that facilitates their absorption and transport. Dietary lipids may also enhance the uptake of tocopherols (vitamin E), which share common absorption and transport routes with carotenoids. Here, we test whether dietary lipids enhance carotenoid availability and male carotenoid-based colorations. We also explore the effects of dietary lipids on plasma tocopherol concentration, which allow disentangling between different pathways that may explain how dietary lipids affect ornamental expression. 2.Following a two-factorial design, we manipulated dietary access of naturally occurring fatty acids (oleic acid) and carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) and measured its effects on the circulating concentrations of carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) and vitamin E (α- and γ-(β-) tocopherols) and on the ventral, carotenoid-based coloration of male common lizards (Lacerta vivipara). 3.Lutein but not zeaxanthin plasma concentrations increased with carotenoid supplementation, which, however, did not affect coloration. Lipid intake negatively affected circulating concentrations of lutein and γ-(β-) tocopherol and led to significantly less orange colorations. The path analysis suggests that a relationship between the observed colour change and the change in plasma concentrations of γ-(β-) tocopherol may exist. 4.Our study shows for the first time that dietary lipids do not enhance but reduce the intensity of male carotenoid-based ornaments. Although dietary lipids affected plasma carotenoid concentration, its negative effect on coloration appeared to be linked to lower vitamin E plasma concentrations. These findings suggest that a conflict between dietary lipids and carotenoid and tocopherol uptake may arise if these nutrients are independently obtained from natural diets and that such conflict may reinforce signal honesty in carotenoid-based ornaments. They also suggest that, at least in the common lizard, sexual selection with respect to carotenoid-based coloration may select for males with low antioxidant capacity and thus for males of superior health. © 2012 The Authors. Functional Ecology © 2012 British Ecological Society. Source


Robles N.R.,University of Salamanca | Cidoncha A.,Servicio de Bioquimica Clinica
Medicina Clinica | Year: 2015

Background and objectives Cystatin C has proven to be a useful parameter to evaluate renal and cardiovascular risk. Nevertheless, there are scanty reports on the utility of this test in the Spanish population. We performed a survey in a group of patients followed up in Primary Care settings. Material and methods Prospective follow up of Primary Care attended patients recruited in 2008 and the first half of 2009. The sample included 142 subjects (mean age 64.2 ± 14.6 years, 59.2% men). In all cases, cystatin C was determined and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated through the Hoek formula. Serum creatinine was also quantified as it was GFR estimated using CKD-EPI equation. The primary objective was a combination of death and major cardiovascular events incidence. Results There were 29 events registered (4 of them were deaths) and 9 non cardiovascular deaths. The odds ratio for the primary objective was 5.74 for the last quartile of cystatin C distribution (> 1 mg/l) (P =.002), while it was 6.44 for cystatin C derived GFR (P =.008) and 5.59 for CKD-EPI estimated GFR (P =.002, Mantel-Haenszel test). Conclusions Cystatin C showed a good association with general mortality and the incidence of cardiovascular events in the Spanish population. Nevertheless, it was not better than the observed relationship with GFR, estimated from creatinine. © 2014 Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved. Source


Millan C.S.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Alberto Sols | Soldevilla B.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Alberto Sols | Martin P.,Servicio de Anatomia Patologica | Gil-Calderon B.,Grupo de senalizacion celular en cancer | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Background: The acquired resistance to chemotherapy represents the major limitation in the treatment of cancer. New strategies to solve this failure and improve patients' outcomes are necessary. The cancer preventive effect of β-cryptoxanthin has been widely described in population studies. Few reports support its putative use as an antitumoral compound. Here we focus on the therapeutic potential of β-cryptoxanthin individually or in combination with oxaliplatin in colon cancer and try to decipher the molecular basis underlying its effect. Methods: Apoptosis, viability and proliferation assays, mouse models, and an intervention study in 20 healthy subjects were performed. A PCR array was carried out to unravel the molecular putative basis of the β-cryptoxanthin effect, and further signaling experiments were conducted. Comet Assay was completed to evaluate the genotoxicity of the treatments. Results: β-Cryptoxanthin differentially regulates the expression of the P73 variants in vitro, in vivo, and in a human intervention study. This carotenoid decreases the proliferation of cancer cells and cooperates with oxaliplatin to induce apoptosis through the negative regulation of ΔNP73. The antitumoral concentrations of oxaliplatin decrease in the presence of β-cryptoxanthin to achieve same percentage of growth inhibition. The genotoxicity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of mice decreased in the combined treatment. Conclusions: We propose a putative novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of colon cancer based on the combination of β-cryptoxanthin and oxaliplatin. The combined regimen produced more benefit than either individual modality without increasing side effects. In addition, the concentration-limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin is reduced in the presence of the carotenoid. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research. Source


Robles N.R.,University of Salamanca | Cidoncha J.,Servicio de Bioquimica Clinica
Renal Failure | Year: 2012

Objectives: Several equations for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from serum cystatin C have been reported. We compared the results obtained using these equations to test the homogeneity of their results as well as their usefulness in clinical practice. Design and methods: Seven hundred and twenty-seven outpatients were studied. Of these, 439 were male and 288 were female, and their mean age was 60.8 ± 24.1 years. GFR was estimated from serum creatinine using the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD-4) equation. GFR was estimated from serum cystatin C levels using five different equations. Results: The simplest (100/cystatin C) formula rendered the highest estimated GFR and the Hoek's equation rendered the lowest GFR, even significantly lower than the MDRD-4 equation (p < 0.001, Student's t-test). From the simplest formula to the Hoek equation the mean difference calculated was 25.1 ± 8.7 mL/min (p < 0.001, Student's t-test). No differences by gender were found among the results of different equations. All cystatin C-derived equations reduced the number of patients diagnosed of chronic renal failure when compared with MDRD-4 formula. No patient with normal renal function was shifted to the renal disease group. Conclusions: A higher value could be expected when GFR is estimated from cystatin C. Nevertheless, vast differences were found in the results when tested using several equations. Physicians should be aware of this problem to avoid a wrong clinical diagnosis of renal function. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

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