Services de diabetologie et endocrinologie

Dijon, France

Services de diabetologie et endocrinologie

Dijon, France
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Petit J.-M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Pedro L.,Services de diabetologie et endocrinologie | Guiu B.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Guiu B.,University of Burgundy | And 11 more authors.
Diabetic Medicine | Year: 2015

Aim: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is commonly associated with Type 2 diabetes. Recently, it has been suggested that NAFLD is also frequently associated with Type 1 diabetes and diabetic complications. In this study, we set out to determine whether Type 1 diabetes was associated with liver fat content measured using magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: One hundred and twenty-eight patients with Type 1 diabetes, 264 patients with Type 2 diabetes and 67 participants without diabetes were included in this study. Hepatic steatosis was defined as a liver fat content > 5.5%. Results: People with Type 1 diabetes and controls were similar for age and BMI. Liver fat content was significantly higher in patients with Type 2 diabetes than in patients with Type 1 diabetes and controls. In the control group, nine people (13.4%) had steatosis compared with six (4.7%) patients with Type 1 diabetes (P = 0.04). Among patients with Type 2 diabetes group, 166 (62.8%) had steatosis. In multivariate analysis that included patients with Type 1 diabetes and participants without diabetes, steatosis was associated only with BMI, whereas age, sex, statin therapy and Type 1 diabetes were not. In patients with Type 1 diabetes, there was no correlation between liver fat content and estimated glomerular filtration rate or carotid intima media thickness. Conclusions: Our data showed that Type 1 diabetes was not associated with an increased prevalence of steatosis. Moreover, our study provided no specific arguments concerning a link between liver fat content and diabetic complications in patients with Type 1 diabetes. © 2015 Diabetes UK.


Petit J.M.,University of Burgundy | Guiu B.,University of Burgundy | Guiu B.,Abteilung Radiologie | Masson D.,University of Burgundy | And 10 more authors.
Liver International | Year: 2011

Context: Recently, it has been shown that an allele in the adiponutrin (PNPLA3) gene was strongly associated with increased liver fat content (LFC) and liver fibrosis independent of visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. Objective: In this study, we set out to determine whether the PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism was associated with liver fibrosis in unselected patients with type 2 diabetes. Design, setting and participants: Two hundred and thirty-four patients with type 2 diabetes were included in this study. Main outcome measures: LFC was evaluated using 1H-MR spectroscopy; fibrosis was measured using the non-invasive FibroTest®. Results: Advanced liver fibrosis (stage F2 or above) was observed in 10.2% of the patients while 149 (63.6%) patients had steatosis. The prevalence of steatosis and fibrosis was higher in minor G allele carriers than that in C allele homozygote carriers (70.3 vs 57.1%; P=0.04 and 14.7 vs 7.5%; P=0.07 respectively). In multivariate analysis, the predictive variables for advanced liver fibrosis were age (≥60) (P=0.005), sex (female) (P=0.004) and rs 738409 PNPLA3 polymorphism (P=0.01); body mass index (BMI) and LFC were not associated with liver fibrosis. Conclusions: This study confirms that in patients with type 2 diabetes who were not selected for liver abnormalities, liver fibrosis was related to the rs738409 polymorphism independent of BMI or LFC. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

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