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Van Den Berg J.C.,Service of Interventional Radiology | Pedrotti M.,Service of Angiology | Canevascini R.,Service of Angiology | Chimchila Chevili S.,Service of Angiology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Invasive Cardiology | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: In-stent restenosis (ISR) after endovascular treatment of stenotic and occlusive disease of the infrainguinal arteries is still a clinical challenge. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the mid-term follow-up of a combination therapy using laser debulking and drug-eluting balloons for ISR. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 14 patients (10 female, 4 male) with clinically relevant (Rutherford 3-6) ISR who were treated with excimer-laser angioplasty and drug-eluting balloons and a clinical follow-up of at least 9 months was evaluated. RESULTS: Mean age was 78 ± 6.5 years (range, 67-88 years). The mean lesion length treated was 133.2 ± 107.2 mm (range, 10-380 mm). The mean time to occurrence of restenosis after initial treatment was 8.6 ± 4.7 months (range, 2-18 months). Technical success was 100%. Distal embolization occurred in 2 cases, and was treated successfully by endovascular means. No other periprocedural major adverse events occurred. All patients were available for clinical follow-up and 12 patients were available with Duplex follow-up. At a mean clinical follow-up of 19.1 ± 8.7 months (range, 9-38 months), 1 target lesion revascularization was seen (at 3 years after the ISR treatment). In the patients with critical limb ischemia (n ≤ 7), no major amputations were needed. Twelve patients had Duplex control (mean follow-up, 19.4 ± 9.4 months; range, 9-38 months). Binary restenosis (>50%) was seen in 1 case at 36 months; it was the same patient who had TLR. A 25%-50% stenosis was seen in 4 patients (mean follow-up, 25 months; range, 19-38 months). No sign of neointimal hyperplasia was demonstrated in 7 patients (mean follow-up, 14.3 months; range, 9-19 months). CONCLUSION: These mid- to long-term data compare favorably with results obtained with standard balloon angioplasty, cutting-balloon angioplasty, and balloon angioplasty using drug-eluting balloon. Longer follow-up and randomized trials are necessary to further define the role of combined excimer-laser debulking and drug-eluting balloon angioplasty in the treatment of ISR. Source


Van Den Berg J.C.,Service of Interventional Radiology | Pedrotti M.,Service of Angiology | Canevascini R.,Service of Angiology | Chimchila Chevili S.,Service of Angiology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2012

In-stent restenosis after endovascular treatment of stenotic and occlusive disease of the infrainguinal arteries is still a clinical challenge. In this paper an overview of the current status of drug-eluting balloon technology and results of clinical trials with drug-eluting balloon angioplasty is given. Furthermore a case series of 10 patients with in-stent restenosis that were treated with excimer laser angioplasty and drug eluting balloons is described. In this case series the mean lesion length treated was 115 mm, and the mean time to occurrence of restenosis after initial treatment was 7.2 months. At a mean follow-up (of all patients) of 7.6 months no target vessel revascularization was seen. In 7 patients that had Duplex and/or angiographic control (mean follow-up 7 months) no signs of neointimal hyperplasia were demonstrated. These short-term data compare favorable to results obtained with standard balloon angioplasty and cutting-balloon angioplasty. Long-term follow-up is necessary to define the role of combined excimer laser and drug-eluting balloon angioplasty in the treatment of in-stent restenosis further. Source


Lonn L.,Copenhagen University | Larzon T.,Orebro University | Van Den Berg J.C.,Service of Interventional Radiology
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2010

In all fields of surgery there is a trend towards less invasive procedures reducing hospital stay, complications and mortality. Open surgery in the treatment of aortic diseases is gradually less applied, and instead endovascular aortic repair - EVAR - is a widely accepted treatment modality of today. The traditional approach in EVAR involves surgical exposure of the femoral arteries with bilateral groin incisions. Through the groin access, and under fluoroscopy, a special insertion sheath introducer is used to position a stent graft in the desired location with the patient in general or epidural anesthesia. The evolving stent-technology with smaller sheath sizes has broadened the scenario for alternative approaches for access and closure of the common femoral arteries. The following review presents an introduction on technical aspects of puncture of the femoral artery and closure of the arterial wall using percutaneous closure devices. We also aim to discuss three important approaches to expose and close the femoral arteries during endovascular aortic repair: The cut down approach, the true percutaneous technique, and the femoral fascial closure. Finally, factors important in the choice of techniques will be discussed in relation to early and late complications. We suggest that a percutaneous femoral approach should initially be considered for all endovascular aortic procedures, but with a low threshold to convert to traditional cut-down technique when complications such as bleeding, stenosis, ischemia, or femoral artery injury occur. The choice of the optimal femoral approach depends on the unique anatomy of each patient. Source


Vos J.A.,St. Antonius Hospital | Van Werkum M.H.,St. Antonius Hospital | Bistervels J.H.G.M.,St. Antonius Hospital | Ackerstaff R.G.A.,St. Antonius Hospital | And 2 more authors.
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the incidence of retinal emboli during carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) and to correlate emboli with clinical findings and transcranial Doppler (TCD)-detected cerebral embolic load. Between 2001 and 2005, 33 CAS procedures in 32 patients (23 [72%] male, 19 [58%] symptomatic, mean age 72.5 years [range 54.6 to 83.9]) scheduled for CAS were included in this study. Bilateral fundoscopy with retinal photography was performed by an experienced ophthalmologist immediately before, immediately after (fundoscopy only), and 1 day after the procedure and again at long-term follow-up (mean 37 months). Visual field testing was performed before CAS and again at long-term follow-up. TCD-detected cerebral emboli were stratified to five procedural phases: wiring, predilatation, stent placement, postdilatation, and cerebral protection device (CPD) use (if applicable). To establish correlation between TCD data and retinal embolization, Mann-Whitney test was used, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. All procedures were performed successfully. In five of 33 procedures (15%), new retinal emboli were found. Two of the procedures with emboli had small retinal infarcts. Three of five were performed using CPDs versus seven of 28 that had no retinal emboli (P = not significant). Two of four patients (50%) with previous radiation therapy to the neck had new retinal emboli versus three of 29 patients (10%) who had no previous radiation therapy (P = 0.038). None of the other patient characteristics was associated with retinal embolization. In 30 (91%) of patients with an adequate acoustic temporal window for TCD monitoring, there was no statistically significant correlation between TCD data and the incidence of retinal emboli. No visual field defects were found. On long-term follow-up, all retinal emboli and retinal infarcts had resolved. Retinal embolization during CAS is not uncommon, and it occurs in both protected and unprotected procedures. Most retinal emboli are clinically silent. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE). Source


Engelberger S.,Service of Vascular Surgery | Van Den Berg Jc J.C.,Service of Interventional Radiology
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2015

In the femoropopliteal segment, endovascular revascularization techniques have gained the role as a first line treatment strategy. Nitinol stent placement has improved the short- and midterm primary patency rates in most lesion types and is therefore widely applicated. Stenting has several shortcomings as in-stent restenosis, stent fractures and foreign material being left behind in the vessel. The concept of atherectomy is plaque debulking. This results in a potential reduction of inflation pressure requirements in angioplasty. Stent placement and consecutive in-stent restenosis may be avoided. In this non systematic literature review, the perfomance of different atherectomy techniques, such as direct atherectomy, orbital atherectomy, laser debulking and rotational atherectomy in the treatment of complex femoropopliteal lesions, including long lesions, moderately to heavily calcified lesions as well as occlusions and in-stent restenosis, has been analyzed. Source

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