Corona-Rivera J.R.,Service of Pediatric Genetics and Cytogenetic Unit |
Corona-Rivera J.R.,University of Guadalajara |
Barrios-Prieto E.,Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit |
Nieto-Garcia R.,Service of Pediatric Cardiology |
And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2015
Timothy syndrome 1 (TS1) is a multisystem disorder characterized by severe QT prolongation and potentially lethal ventricular arrhythmias in the first years of life, plus other cardiac and extracardiac manifestations caused by mutation in the CACNA1C gene, a CaV1.2 L-type calcium channel. Here, we report retrospectively an unusual fetal presentation on a second patient with TS1 with fetal hydrops due to a congenital AV block and its postnatal diagnosis by a marked prolongation of the corrected QTc interval of 570 ms and a missense mutation, p.Gly406Arg, in exon 8A of CACNA1C gene. The observed manifestations in our patient during fetal period indicate a severe form and they were probably exacerbated by the maternal use of amitriptyline during the first 4 months of pregnancy. Unfortunately, he died at 3 months-old due a ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation related to a septic event. Although difficult to diagnose, possibly most fetuses with TS1 have symptoms of long QT syndrome. Despite the fatal outcome for our patient, an early diagnosis of TS may help to prevent life-threatening events or early death in future patients, especially in developing countries where availability of therapies such as cardioverter defibrillator are very limited, or require time for its funding. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source