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Mottolese C.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Szathmari A.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Ricci-Franchi A.C.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Gallo P.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | And 2 more authors.

The infratentorial supracerebellar approach is most widely used for pineal tumors. We report our own experience and technical considerations using this approach. Material: From 1982 to 2010, we operated on 232 patients with pineal region tumors. Of these, 201 patients were operated on using a suboccipital transtentorial approach while 31 patients were operated on using a supracerebellar infratentorial approach. The median age of the patients ranged between 8. months and 74. years. There were 19 children and 12 adults. All patients presented with elevated intracranial pressure. There were 6 pinealocytomas, 3 papillary tumors, 7 germinomas, 2 benign teratomas, 4 pineal cysts and 9 gliomas. Adjuvant post-surgical therapy consisted of chemo-radiotherapy in 4 patients, 2 with germinomas and 2 with a grade II/III gliomas. Radiotherapy was performed in the other twelve patients (5 germinomas and 7 gliomas). Results and complications: All patients are still alive at a median follow-up of eight years. Twelve of the 19 children are attending normal school classes for their age, 5 are attending classes for special needs children and 2 are not yet of school age at the last follow-up. Seven of the 12 adults are working normally, three are working part-time at the same job and two have retired but are able to lead a normal life. Postoperative complications included symptomatic diffuse cerebellar edema (one patient) completely resolved with a mild residual cerebellar syndrome; double vision secondary to IV nerve palsy (one patient); transitory Parinaud's syndrome (2 patients) and cerebellar gait (2 patients) nearly completely recovered at respectively six and twelve months. Conclusion: The supracerebellar infratentorial approach seems to be a safe and effective choice in the treatment of pineal region tumors. In our experience, it permits complete tumor resections with acceptable morbidity and all neurosurgeons should master this approach in order to adapt their surgical choice according to size, extent and the relationship of the lesion with the surrounding anatomical structures. © 2014. Source

Mottolese C.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Szathmari A.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Simon E.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | Rousselle C.,Service of Pediatric Neurosurgery | And 2 more authors.
Neurological Sciences

The Chiari I malformation represents a complex disease and its pathophysiology is not completely understood and consequently different surgical procedures have been proposed in the literature. The use of MRI have increased the diagnosis of Chiari I malformation but generally the Chiari I is characterized by the herniation of tonsils at 5 mm below the plane of the occipital hole. The consequent disturbance of the CSF circulation at the level of the cranio-vertebral junction favors the occurence of the syrinx between 20 and 70% of cases in pediatric series. Different surgical techniques have been proposed. We report two series of patients treated with the same surgical procedure except for the use of a Goretex dural patch in the second group with better clinical results. Our experience seems to confirm that the Chiari I malformation is a complex disease in which the impairment of the CSF circulation plays an important role to explain the severity of the clinical picture. The bone decompression and the restauration of the CSF circulation with a dural patch with Goretex seems to be effective for improving the clinical picture with good results. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source

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