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Palacios F.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Palacios F.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Prieto D.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Abreu C.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | And 7 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by the accumulation of clonal B cells arrested in G0/G1 stages that coexist with proliferative B cells. We identified one of these proliferative subsets in the peripheral blood from patients with unmutated disease (UM). Aiming to characterize the molecular mechanism underlying this proliferative behavior, we performed gene expression analysis of the mRNA and microRNAs in this leukemic subpopulation and compared results with those for the quiescent counterpart. Our results suggest that proliferation of this subset mainly depends on microRNA-22 overexpression, which induces phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) down-regulation and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway activation. These results underline the role of the PI3K/AKT pathway at the origin of this proliferative pool in patients with UM CLL and provide additional rationale for the use of PI3K inhibitors. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Morande P.E.,CONICET | Morande P.E.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Borge M.,CONICET | Abreu C.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | And 9 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

Abstract Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the main cause of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA). However, the cellular basis underlying this strong association remains unclear. We previously demonstrated that leukemic B cells from patients with CLL recognize the erythrocyte protein Band 3, a prevalent autoantigen in AHA. Here we show that the major binding site of Band 3 on leukemic cells is an extrinsic protein identified as high-mobility group nucleosome binding protein 2 (HMGN2), a nucleosome-interacting factor which has not been previously reported at the cell surface. T lymphocytes do not express HMGN2 or bind Band 3. Removal of HMGN2 from the cell membrane abrogated the capacity of Band 3-pulsed CLL cells to induce CD4 + T cell proliferation. We conclude that surface HMGN2 in leukemic B cells is involved in Band 3 binding, uptake and presentation to CD4 + T lymphocytes, and as such may favor the initiation of AHA secondary to CLL. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Palacios F.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Moreno P.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Morande P.,National Academy of Medicine | Abreu C.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | And 8 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

Interaction of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B cells with tissue microenvironment has been suggested to favor disease progression by promoting malignant B-cell growth. Previous work has shown expression in peripheral blood (PB) of CLL B cells of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) among CLL patients with an unmutated (UM) profile of immunoglobulin genes and with ongoing class switch recombination (CSR) process. Because AID expression results from interaction with activated tissue microenvironment, we speculated whether the small subset with ongoing CSR is responsible for high levels of AID expression and could be derived from this particular microenvironment. In this work, we quantified AID expression and ongoing CSR in PB of 50 CLL patients and characterized the expression of different molecules related to microenvironment interaction. Our results show that among UM patients (1) high AID expression is restricted to the subpopulation of tumoral cells ongoing CSR; (2) this small subset expresses high levels of proliferation, antiapoptotic and progression markers (Ki-67, c-myc, Bcl-2, CD49d, and CCL3/4 chemokines). Overall, this work outlines the importance of a cellular subset in PB of UM CLL patients with a poor clinical outcome, high AID levels, and ongoing CSR, whose presence might be a hallmark of a recent contact with the microenvironment. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Fischer S.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Echeverria N.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Moratorio G.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Moratorio G.,Institute Pasteur Paris | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia Research Reports | Year: 2015

The human genome contains a large number of endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). Their reactivation has frequently been observed in patients with cancer. Considering their role in the carcinogenesis process, we aimed to study the possible relationship between HERVs gene expression and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). We focused on two viral genes gag and np9, the latter presumably an oncogene. We found that the transcriptional activity of HERV-K np9 gene was greater in CLL patients than in healthy donors. However, gag expression was not significantly increased.These findings suggest a noteworthy relationship between CLL disease and HERV-K np9 expression. © 2014 The Authors. Source

Abreu C.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Moreno P.,Molecular Virology Laboratory | Palacios F.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Borge M.,CONICET | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2013

Among different prognostic factors in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we previously demonstrated that lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is associated with an unmutated immunoglobulin profile and clinical poor outcome. Despite the usefulness of LPL for CLL prognosis, its functional role and the molecular mechanism regulating its expression are still open questions. Interaction of CLL B-cells with the tissue microenvironment favors disease progression by promoting malignant B-cell growth. Since tissue methylation can be altered by environmental factors, we investigated the methylation status of the LPL gene and the possibility that overexpression could be associated with microenvironment signals. Our results show that a demethylated state of the LPL gene is responsible for its anomalous expression in unmutated CLL cases and that this expression is dependent on microenvironment signals. Overall, this work proposes that an epigenetic mechanism, triggered by the microenvironment, regulates LPL expression in CLL disease. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

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