Pastorello E.A.,Niguarda Ca Granda Hospital |
Farioli L.,Laboratory Medicine |
Di Biase M.,University of Foggia |
Nichelatti M.,Service of Biostatistics |
Lupica L.,Niguarda Ca Granda Hospital
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2014
Background: Mast cell tryptase has recently been reported to be involved in atherosclerotic plaque destabilization. However, the results of these reports are conflicting. Methods: The aim of this study was to characterize the role of tryptase as a prognostic marker of patient cardiovascular complexity in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Furthermore, its association with an angiographic scoring system [defined by the SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the TAXUS drug-eluting stent and the cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score] was examined. The serum tryptase was measured at admission in 65 consecutive ACS patients and in 35 healthy controls. In the patients with ACS, a composite measure of clinical and angiographic patient cardiovascular complexity was indicated by two of the following: clinical adverse events at hospitalization, at least 2 epicardial coronary arteries involved in the atherosclerotic disease, more than 1 stent implanted or more than 2 coronary artery disease risk factors. Results: The tryptase measurements were lower in patients without the composite measure (p < 0.0005). Linear regression showed a significant relationship between tryptase levels and the SYNTAX score (SX-score). Conversely, high-sensitivity troponin values did not correlate with either the composite outcome or the SX-score. The predictive accuracy of serum tryptase for the composite outcome was set at the cut-off point of 5.22 ng/ml (sensitivity 81% and specificity 95.7%). Conclusion: In ACS patients, serum tryptase levels at admission may predict patient cardiovascular complexity more reliably than currently known biomarkers. Further studies are needed to demonstrate the long-term prognostic role of this biomarker in ACS. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Losappio L.M.,ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda |
Colombo G.,University of Milan Bicocca |
Nichelatti M.,Service of Biostatistics |
Preziosi D.,ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda |
And 3 more authors.
Open Heart | Year: 2016
Objective: To assess the relationship between serum tryptase and the occurrence of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 2-year followup in patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To compare serum tryptase to other validated prognostic markers (maximum high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn), C reactive protein (CRP) levels at admission, Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score). Methods: We measured serum tryptase at admission in 140 consecutive patients with ACS and in 50 healthy controls. The patients' follow-up was maintained for 2 years after discharge. The predictive accuracy of serum tryptase for 2-year MACCE was assessed and compared with hs-Tn, CRP and SYNTAX score. Results: Serum tryptase levels at admission were significantly higher in patients with ACS compared with the control group (p=0.0351). 2 years after discharge, 28/140 patients (20%) experienced MACCE. Serum tryptase levels, maximum hs-Tn measurements and SYNTAX score were higher in patients who experienced MACCE compared with those without (p<0.0001). Conversely, we found no significant association between MACCE and CRP. The predictive accuracy of serum tryptase for MACCE was set at the cut-off point of 6.7 ng/mL (sensitivity 46%, specificity 84%). Conclusions: In patients with ACS, serum tryptase measured during index admission is significantly correlated to the development of MACCE up to 2 years, demonstrating a possible long-term prognostic role of this biomarker.
Molteni A.,AO Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Riva M.,AO Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Pellizzari A.,Spedali Civili di Brescia |
Borin L.,S Gerardo Hospital |
And 9 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2013
To analyze the unpredicted event of hematological improvement (HI) during iron-chelation therapy (ICT), we reviewed a series of 53 myelodysplastic patients with transfusion dependency in a retrospective study involving 8 centers afferent to the "Rete Ematologica Lombarda". According to the IWG response criteria published in the year 2000, we observed erythroid responses in 19 patients (35.1%), 5 major (9.2%) and 14 minor (25.9%). In the assessable patients, platelet response was 8/13 (61%) and neutrophil response was 13/17 (76.4%). Only in patients with erythroid improvement, multilineage responses were observed. Apparently, patients with greater erythropoiesis dysfunction may take more advantage. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Pastorello E.A.,Niguarda Ca Granda Hospital |
Pastorello E.A.,University of Milan |
Stafylaraki C.,Niguarda Ca Granda Hospital |
Mirone C.,Niguarda Ca Granda Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2015
β-Lactam antibiotics (mainly amoxicillin, AX) are the drugs that most frequently induce systemic drug allergy reactions. Objective: We attempted to identify the risk factors associated with systemic reactions to AX. Methods: All patients who were referred to our department for suspected hypersensitivity reactions to AX over a 6-month period were evaluated for anti-AX immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and skin-test positivity for β-lactams. Age, sex, concomitant diseases, therapies, total IgE, serum tryptase levels and signs and symptoms suggesting mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) were analyzed in relation to the severity of the reaction in accordance with the Mueller classification. Results: Sixty-seven patients were selected: 39 with mild reactions such as cutaneous or gastrointestinal symptoms (grades I and II) and 28 with severe systemic reactions (grades III and IV). Anti-AX IgE levels and total IgE were significantly higher in severe reactions than in mild ones (p < 0.00005, p = 0.0037). Treatment with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (anti-H2) was significantly related to severe reactions (p = 0.007). No significant correlations were found between the severity of the reactions and dyslipidemia or levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme and tryptase. Conclusion: Anti-AX IgE levels were the most significant immunological parameter distinguishing patients who presented with severe reactions to AX and those with mild reactions. Higher values of total IgE, the use of gastroprotective drugs and signs and symptoms suggesting an MCAS significantly increased the odds ratio of having a severe reaction. The risk of seriousadverse reactions to AX increased in older patients and in males, but this trend was not significant. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Amatu A.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Sartore-Bianchi A.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Moutinho C.,Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute IDIBELL |
Belotti A.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
And 10 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013
Purpose: O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair protein removing mutagenic and cytotoxic adducts from O 6-guanine in DNA. Approximately 40% of colorectal cancers (CRC) display MGMT deficiency due to the promoter hypermethylation leading to silencing of the gene. Alkylating agents, such as dacarbazine, exert their antitumor activity by DNA methylation at the O6-guanine site, inducing base pair mismatch; therefore, activity of dacarbazine could be enhanced in CRCs lacking MGMT. We conducted a phase II study with dacarbazine in CRCs who had failed standard therapies (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, fluoropyrimidines, and cetuximab or panitumumab if KRAS wild-type). Experimental Design: All patients had tumor tissue assessed for MGMT as promoter hypermethylation in double-blind for treatment outcome. Patients received dacarbazine 250 mg/m2 intravenously every day for four consecutive days, every 21 days, until progressive disease or intolerable toxicity. We used a Simon two-stage design to determine whether the overall response rate would be 10% or more. Secondary endpoints included association of response, progression-free survival, and disease control rate with MGMT status. Results: Sixty-eight patients were enrolled from May 2011 to March 2012. Patients received a median of three cycles of dacarbazine (range 1-12). Grades 3 and 4 toxicities included: fatigue (41%), nausea/vomiting (29%), constipation (25%), platelet count decrease (19%), and anemia (18%). Overall, two patients (3%) achieved partial response and eight patients (12%) had stable disease. Disease control rate (partial response + stable disease) was significantly associated with MGMT promoter hypermethylation in the corresponding tumors. Conclusion: Objective clinical responses to dacarbazine in patients with metastatic CRC are confined to those tumors harboring epigenetic inactivation of the DNA repair enzyme MGMT. ©2013 AACR.
Ricotta R.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Vanzulli A.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Moroni M.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
Colnago B.,Ospedale Niguarda Ca Granda |
And 9 more authors.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer | Year: 2013
Purpose: The early identification of patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma who are likely to benefit from treatment with panitumumab or cetuximab remains of paramount importance. We evaluated whether the early tumor shrinkage assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is predictive of long-term outcome to these epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapies. Patients and Methods: Thirty-nine patients with chemorefractory metastatic colorectal carcinoma were treated with cetuximab or panitumumab. The patients were evaluated by unenhanced MRI at baseline, week 2, and week 8 after the beginning of the treatment and by contrast-enhanced computed tomography within 3 months. Early response was defined as a tumor shrinkage ≥10% at week-2 MRI, whereas response by contrast-enhanced computed tomography was defined according to standard Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1. Results: At week-2 MRI, 15 (38.5%) of 39 patients had an early response. Eleven (73.3%) of these 15 early responders then presented a partial response by contrast-enhanced computed tomography, whereas none of the 24 early nonresponders obtained a partial response (P <.0005, Fisher exact test). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 29.7 and 8 weeks in patients with or without early response, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] 0.156 [95% CI, 0.069-0.355]; P <.0001)]. The median overall survival (OS) was 80 weeks in patients with early response and 23.3 weeks in those without early response, respectively (HR 0.154 [95% CI, 0.057-0.420]; P <.00005]). Conclusions: Early detection of tumor response by week-2 MRI without contrast medium is associated with a prediction of clinical outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma treated with cetuximab or panitumumab. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.