Hyon C.,Hopitaux Universitaires Est Parisien |
Hyon C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Hyon C.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Chantot-Bastaraud S.,Hopitaux Universitaires Est Parisien |
And 15 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2015
Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) are a heterogeneous group of disorders affecting gonad and/or genito-urinary tract development and usually the endocrine-reproductive system. A genetic diagnosis is made in only around 20% of these cases. The genetic causes of 46,XX-SRY negative testicular DSD as well as ovotesticular DSD are poorly defined. Duplications involving a region located ∼600kb upstream of SOX9, a key gene in testis development, were reported in several cases of 46,XX DSD. Recent studies have narrowed this region down to a 78kb interval that is duplicated or deleted respectively in 46,XX or 46,XY DSD. We identified three phenotypically normal patients presenting with azoospermia and 46,XX testicular DSD. Two brothers carried a 83.8kb duplication located ∼600kb upstream of SOX9 that overlapped with the previously reported rearrangements. This duplication refines the minimal region associated with 46,XX-SRY negative DSD to a 40.7-41.9kb element located ∼600kb upstream of SOX9. Predicted enhancer elements and evolutionary-conserved binding sites for proteins known to be involved in testis determination are located within this region. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.