The training in transfusion medicine remains deficient in the centres of Francophone sub-Saharan Africa: Results of a preliminary study [La formation en médecine transfusionnelle reste insuffisante dans les centres d'Afrique subsaharienne francophone: Résultats d'une étude préliminaire]
Tayou Tagny C.,University of Yaounde I |
Tayou Tagny C.,British Petroleum |
Kapamba G.,Sanguine |
Diarra A.,Sanguine |
And 4 more authors.
Transfusion Clinique et Biologique | Year: 2011
Purpose of the study: To evaluate the needs in staff training in transfusion centres of Sub-Saharan Africa. Material and methods: This preliminary study analyzed the training level of each personnel of four blood banks of Sub-Saharan Africa, their training fields, duration and training structures. Results: The needs remain high in all the fields and are critical regarding the administration of blood transfusion services, equipment maintenance and clinical use of blood. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source
Gillet P.,Service du Sang |
Rapaille A.,Service du Sang |
Benoit A.,Catholic University of Louvain |
Ceinos M.,Catholic University of Louvain |
And 4 more authors.
Transfusion Clinique et Biologique | Year: 2015
Aim of the study: Whole blood donation is generally safe although vasovagal reactions can occur (approximately 1%). Risk factors are well known and prevention measures are shown as efficient. This study evaluates the impact of the donor's retention in relation to the occurrence of vasovagal reaction for the first three blood donations. Material and methods: Our study of data collected over three years evaluated the impact of classical risk factors and provided a model including the best combination of covariates predicting VVR. The impact of a reaction at first donation on return rate and complication until the third donation was evaluated. Results: Our data (523,471 donations) confirmed the classical risk factors (gender, age, donor status and relative blood volume). After stepwise variable selection, donor status, relative blood volume and their interaction were the only remaining covariates in the model. Of 33,279 first-time donors monitored over a period of at least 15 months, the first three donations were followed. Data emphasised the impact of complication at first donation. The return rate for a second donation was reduced and the risk of vasovagal reaction was increased at least until the third donation. Conclusion: First-time donation is a crucial step in the donors' career. Donors who experienced a reaction at their first donation have a lower return rate for a second donation and a higher risk of vasovagal reaction at least until the third donation. Prevention measures have to be processed to improve donor retention and provide blood banks with adequate blood supply. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source
Lotens A.,Service du Sang |
Najdovski T.,Service du Sang |
Cellier N.,Service du Sang |
Ernotte B.,Service du Sang |
And 2 more authors.
Vox Sanguinis | Year: 2014
Background and Objectives: TACSI whole blood system is designed to combine primary and secondary processing of six whole blood bags into plasma units, buffy coat and red blood cell concentrates. The aim of this study was to investigate the specifications and in vitro storage parameters of blood components compared with standard centrifugation and separation processing. Materials and Methods: Whole blood bags, collected in CRC kits, were treated on a TACSI whole blood system. They were compared with whole blood bags collected in Composelect kits. In addition to routine quality control analyses, conservation studies were performed on red blood cell concentrates for 42 days and on plasma for 6 months. Platelets pools with five buffy coats were also created, and cellular contamination was evaluated. Results: Red blood cell concentrates produced from TACSI whole blood met European quality requirements. For white blood cell count, one individual result exceeded 1 × 106 cells/unit. All plasma units fell within specifications for residual cellular contamination and storage parameters. The performances of the TACSI whole blood system allow for the preparation of low volume buffy coats with a recovery of 90% of whole blood platelets. Haemoglobin losses in TACSI BC are smaller, but this did not result in higher haemoglobin content of red cells. These BC are suitable for the production of platelet concentrates. Conclusion: From these in vitro data, red blood cell concentrates produced using TACSI whole blood are suitable for clinical use with a quality at least equivalent to the control group. © 2014 International Society of Blood Transfusion. Source