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Mahdia, Tunisia

Bucci M.P.,University of Paris Descartes | Kapoula Z.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Bui-Quoc E.,Service dOPH | Bouet A.,Service dOPH | Wiener-Vacher S.,Service dORL
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Purpose: Early studies reported some abnormalities in saccade and vergence eye movements in children with vertigo and vergence deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to further examine saccade and vergence performance in a population of 44 children (mean age: 12.3±1.6 years) with vertigo symptoms and with different levels of vergence abnormalities, as assessed by static orthoptic examination (near point of convergence, prism bar and cover-uncover test). Methods: Three groups were identified on the basis of the orthoptic tests: group 1 (n = 13) with vergence spasms and mildly perturbed orthoptic scores, group 2 (n = 14) with moderately perturbed orthoptic scores, and group 3 (n = 17) with severely perturbed orthoptic scores. Data were compared to those recorded from 28 healthy children of similar ages. Latency, accuracy and peak velocity of saccades and vergence movements were measured in two different conditions: gap (fixation offset 200 ms prior to target onset) and simultaneous paradigms. Binocular horizontal movements were recorded by a photoelectric device. Results: Group 2 of children with vergence abnormalities showed significantly longer latency than normal children in several types of eye movements recorded. For all three groups of children with vergence abnormalities, the gain was poor, particularly for vergence movement. The peak velocity values did not differ between the different groups of children examined. Interpretation: Eye movement measures together with static orthoptic evaluation allowed us to better identify children with vergence abnormalities based on their slow initiation of eye movements. Overall, these findings support the hypothesis of a central deficit in the programming and triggering of saccades and vergence in these children. © 2011 Bucci et al.

Dufour X.,Service dORL | Beby-Defaux A.,Laboratoire Of Virologie | Beby-Defaux A.,University of Poitiers | Agius G.,Laboratoire Of Virologie | And 2 more authors.
European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases | Year: 2012

Head and neck cancer is frequent worldwide and oropharyngeal locations are presently sharply on the increase, in relation with an increasing incidence of oropharyngeal infection by oncogenic type-16 human papillomavirus (HPV). The clinical and biologic profile of these patients is distinct from that of other oropharyngeal carcinoma patients, with earlier onset, cystic cervical nodes and basaloid carcinoma histopathology. Detection of intratumoral viral DNA is essential to confirm the role of HPV, and E6/E7 mRNA expression is the most relevant indicator for stratification. Several methods can reveal intratumoral oncogenic HPV DNA, but PCR with hybridization is the most sensitive and most widely used. According to several reports, prognosis in terms of survival and locoregional control is better in HPV-positive oropharyngeal carcinoma than in oropharyngeal carcinoma associated with smoking and alcohol consumption. The future lies in vaccination, but further studies will determine whether the rate of oropharyngeal carcinoma falls in women vaccinated against cervical cancer. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Lions C.,University Paris Diderot | Quoc E.B.,Service dOphtalmologie | Wiener-Vacher S.,Service dORL | Bucci M.P.,University Paris Diderot
Frontiers in Physiology | Year: 2014

Objective: To examine the effect of proprioceptive information during postural control in strabismic children. Methods: Postural stability was recorded with a platform (Techno Concept®) in 12 strabismic children aged from 4.9 to 10 years and data were compared to that of 12 control age-matched children. Two postural positions were performed: Romberg and Tandem. Two postural conditions: without and with foam pad. We analyzed the surface area, the length, the mean speed of the center of pressure (CoP) and the effect of proprioceptive information. Results: Strabismic children are more instable than control age-matched children. The surface, the length and the mean speed of CoP are significantly higher in strabismic children than in control age-matched children. Both groups are more instable in Tandem position than in Romberg position. Finally, strabismic children use more proprioceptive information than control age-matched children. Conclusion: For both Romberg and Tandem position, strabismic children are more instable than control age-matched children. Strabismic children use proprioceptive information more than control age-matched children to control their posture. Significance: Proprioceptive inputs are important for control posture particularly for strabismic population. © 2014 Lions, Bui Quoc, Wiener-Vacher and Bucci.

Chambon G.,University of Nimes | Chambon G.,Montpellier University | Alovisetti C.,University of Nimes | Idoux-Louche C.,Service dORL | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Context: The preoperative routine measurement of basal serum thyrocalcitonin (CT) in candidates for thyroidectomy due to thyroid nodules is currently a subject of debate. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of systematic basal serum CT measurement in improving the diagnosis and surgical treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in patients undergoing thyroidectomy for nodular thyroid disorders, regardless of preoperative CT levels. Design: We determined basal serum CT levels in 2733 consecutive patients before thyroid surgery and performed a pentagastrin test in patients with hypercalcitoninemia. We correlated basal and stimulated CT levels with intraoperative and definitive histopathological findings, and we analyzed the impact of these results on surgical procedures. Results: Twelve MTCs were found among the 43 patients with basal serum CT level of 10 pg/ml or greater. Two MTCs were present among the 2690 patients with normal CT levels. MTC was always present in patients with a basal CT of 60 pg/ml or greater. For CT levels ranging from 10 to 59 pg/ml, MTC was diagnosed in 11% of patients. When preoperative hypercalcitoninemia was present, total thyroidectomy associated with comprehensive intraoperative histopathological analysis allowed the intraoperative diagnosis of five latent, subclinical MTCs. The pentagastrin test gave no additional diagnostic information for the management of patients with elevated preoperative basal serum CT level. Conclusion: Routine measurement of CT in the preoperative work-up of nodular thyroid disorders is useful. This procedure improves intraoperative diagnosis of MTC and enables adapted initial surgery, the most determinant factor of treatment success. Copyright © 2011 by The Endocrine Society.

Veillon F.,Service de Radiologie i | Ramos-Taboada L.,Service de Radiologie i | Abu-Eid M.,Service de Radiologie i | Charpiot A.,Service dORL | Riehm S.,Service de Radiologie i
European Journal of Radiology | Year: 2010

The facial nerve is responsible for the motor innervation of the face. It has a visceral motor function (lacrimal, submandibular, sublingual glands and secretion of the nose); it conveys a great part of the taste fibers, participates to the general sensory of the auricle (skin of the concha) and the wall of the external auditory meatus. The facial mimic, production of tears, nasal flow and salivation all depend on the facial nerve. In order to image the facial nerve it is mandatory to be knowledgeable about its normal anatomy including the course of its efferent and afferent fibers and about relevant technical considerations regarding CT and MR to be able to achieve high-resolution images of the nerve. © 2010.

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