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Benatiya Andaloussi I.,Service dOphtalmologie
Bulletin de la Société belge d'ophtalmologie | Year: 2012

Ocular involvement in the xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) can be located on the eyelids, conjunctiva or cornea. Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare tumor, and even more so in children. Only five cases associated with XP have been published since 1960. We report a sixth case occurring in a girl aged 14. Surgical treatment consisted of an orbital exenteration extended to the eyelids and the evolution is marked by a good healing of the orbital cavity without local recurrence after four months.

Quercia P.,Service dOphtalmologie
Journal Francais d'Ophtalmologie | Year: 2010

A literature review of the important findings discovered over the past three decades on ocular movements during reading is presented herein. This fairly recent function in human evolution is a sophisticated sensorimotor and cognitive activity that brings very complex neurological and motor mechanisms into play. However, knowledge in this field is limited, even though reading problems are very common in children. We collected all the references in PubMed dating from 1969 to 2009 using the following "binocular coordination", "eye movements", "reading", and "dyslexia". When reading, the visual axes move in a very particular way, notably with regard to the parallelism of the ocular axes when saccades are triggered to reach the words to be read and during fixations, which enable decoding. In fact, when reading, the visual axes are often disassociated, even going as far as to intersect in a considerable number of cases. There are relatively few studies that have examined binocular coordination during reading. We are beginning to understand how the ocular axes move during horizontal saccades. Three-dimensional studies could be the next step to providing more precise data. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Famose F.,Service dOphtalmologie
Veterinary Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Objective: Melting keratitis is serious condition presenting a high risk of permanent blindness and is caused by infectious or noninfectious factors. In humans, the clinical efficacy of collagen cross-linking (CXL) has been described in the treatment of refractory infectious keratitis by arresting keratomalacia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of accelerated CXL for the treatment of melting keratitis in dogs. Animal studied and Procedure: Eight dogs were treated for unilateral melting keratitis by accelerated CXL. Corneas were irradiated by UVA (370 nm) at 30 mW/cm2 irradiance for 3 min after soaking by 0.1% riboflavin in 20% dextran for 30 min. Follow-up was conducted 3, 7, 14, and 30 days after treatment. Results: Pain improvement was observed for all cases within 3 days after treatment. Epithelial healing was observed within 15 days for all cases. Disappearance of cellular infiltration was observed for all cases at day 7. The corneal vascularization disappeared for 4 of 8 dogs and was reduced for 4 of 8 dogs within 1 month. At 1 month, all cases presented a variable degree of corneal scarring, but all eyes had visual function. No recurrent infection was observed. Conclusions: The main observation of this study is that all the cases have presented with the same clinical result regardless of the presence and the sensitivity of the infectious agents and regardless of the duration of the condition prior to CXL treatment. Accelerated CXL appears to be a valuable option for the treatment of melting keratitis. © 2014 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

This exploratory clinical trial aims to assess the effect on visual acuity and central corneal thickness of an unpreserved hypertonic ophthalmic solution containing sodium chloride (5%) and sodium hyaluronate, in patients with chronic corneal edema caused by endothelial disease reducing their visual acuity. Twenty patients were enrolled and treated with the hypertonic solution (1 to 2 drops per eye, 4 times a day over 28 days). Progression of visual acuity (ETDRS score) and corneal thickness (ultrasonic pachymetry) was measured from baseline (without treatment) through the treatment period (Day 7 and Day 28). The analyses were performed on 18 patients (Full Analysis Set [FAS] population). The causes of corneal edema were Fuchs endothelial dystrophy in 10 cases and post-cataract surgery endothelial decompensation in 8 patients. The mean visual acuity values for the FAS population compared between baseline (Day-7) and one week of treatment (Day+7) show a significant 5-point VA improvement (P<0.001 paired Wilcoxon test). For corneal thickness, there was also a significant decrease (PCombining double low line0.033 paired Wilcoxon test). Functional improvement was observed at 28 days of instillation. No adverse events were recorded during the clinical study. In conclusion, the unpreserved hyperosmolar solution containing sodium chloride and sodium hyaluronate significantly improved ETDRS visual acuity after one week of use. In this clinical trial, the solution also showed excellent tolerability results. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.

Crystalline retinopathy is a rare complication of chronic retinal detachment.The observation of crystalline retinal deposits should prompt the search for a chronic retinal detachment. The composition of these crystals is unknown. Some other crystals can be found in other diseases or with drug toxicity. It is essential to make the differential diagnosis and to determine the actual etiology Crystalline retinopathy - Retinal detachment.

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