PubMed | b Service dOnco Hematologie and University of Strasbourg
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands) | Year: 2016
In this study we have investigated the effect of GM-CSF and IL3 on Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC). We studied the adhesion properties of HUVEC for non stimulated human elutriated monocytes, as well as the transendothelial migration of these cells. We analysed the expression of adhesion molecules (VLA4/CDw49d, VCAM1/CD106, LFA1/CD11a, ICAM1/CD54, CD18, L-selectin/CD62L, PeCAMl/CD31, ELAM1/CD62E) induced in monocyte adhesion and transmigration. Optimal conditions of HUVEC stimulation with IL3 and GM-CSF were obtained with 100 U/ml of each cytokine. IL3 and GM-CSF were found to induce HUVEC proliferation, more than twofold at day 7 of the culture compared to controls. HUVEC proliferation was not stimulated by IL1, a slight inhibitory effect was observed at 250 and 500 U/ml. We showed that GM-CSF, IL3 and their combination mimic on activation like status that on which is expressed by an enhancement of adhesion and migration of non stimulated monocytes to and across cytokines activated HUVEC monolayers. After 6 hours activation with IL3 or GM-CSF, more than 60% of the monocytes are adherent to HUVEC after a contact of 30 minutes (vs 30.8 4.6% for untreated control HUVEC). This percentage increased to 80% after a 7 days culture period in presence of the same cytokines (vs 40 5.1% for untreated control HUVEC). IL3 was very effective at inducing monocyte transendothelial migration. The potency of IL3 is seen to be 2 to 3 fold higher than GM-CSF in this system. GM-CSF and IL3 modulate on HUVEC the expression of adhesion molecules induced in monocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration processes. We showed that anti-ELAMl inhibit in part monocyte migration (8.5 3% vs 46.33 4.03% without MoAb; vs 5.1 2% with ICAM1, ELAM1 and VCAMI MoAbs).