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Leroux S.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Muller J.-B.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Boutaric E.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Busnel A.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 5 more authors.
Archives de Pediatrie | Year: 2014

Hurler syndrome, the most severe form of mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I), is a rare lysosomal storage disease. The overall incidence of MPS I is 0.99-1.99/100,000 live births. Accumulation of glycosaminoglycans causes the progressive dysfunction of multiple organs. We report the case of a 3-week-old newborn who was hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for feeding problems. Coarse facial features and gingival hypertrophy, associated with axial hypotonia, upper airway obstruction, and moderate hepatomegaly, led to the early diagnosis of MPS I at 3 weeks of age and was confirmed by an abnormally elevated amount of dermatan and heparan sulphate in the urine and complete deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase lysosomal enzyme activity. The child was homozygous for the p.W402X mutation, located on chromosome 4p16.3 of the alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) gene. The clinical condition gradually deteriorated until the age of 4 months, with thoracic and lumbar dysostoses, glaucoma, cerebral ventricular dilatation and cervical spinal stenosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and umbilical hernia. Early diagnosis allowed enzyme replacement therapy (iaronidase, Aldurazyme®, Genzyme) started at the age of 5 months, which provided stabilization of the heart disease, significant regression of rhinologic symptoms, and regression of hepatomegaly. Cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was performed at 11 months of age, allowing optimal preservation of cognitive development. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Adam S.,Royal Infirmary | Assoun M.,Service des maladies hereditaires du metabolisme | Bernabei S.M.,Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu | Champion H.,Addenbrookes Hospital | And 44 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2013

Background: There is no published data comparing dietary management of urea cycle disorders (UCD) in different countries. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 41 European Inherited Metabolic Disorder (IMD) centres (17 UK, 6 France, 5 Germany, 4 Belgium, 4 Portugal, 2 Netherlands, 1 Denmark, 1 Italy, 1 Sweden) was collected by questionnaire describing management of patients with UCD on prescribed protein restricted diets. Results: Data for 464 patients: N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) deficiency, n=10; carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS1) deficiency, n=29; ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC) deficiency, n=214; citrullinaemia, n=108; argininosuccinic aciduria (ASA), n=80; arginase deficiency, n=23 was reported. The majority of patients (70%; n=327) were aged 0-16. y and 30% (n=137) >. 16. y. Prescribed median protein intake/kg body weight decreased with age with little variation between disorders. The UK tended to give more total protein than other European countries particularly in infancy. Supplements of essential amino acids (EAA) were prescribed for 38% [n=174] of the patients overall, but were given more commonly in arginase deficiency (74%), CPS (48%) and citrullinaemia (46%). Patients in Germany (64%), Portugal (67%) and Sweden (100%) were the most frequent users of EAA. Only 18% [n=84] of patients were prescribed tube feeds, most commonly for CPS (41%); and 21% [n=97] were prescribed oral energy supplements. Conclusions: Dietary treatment for UCD varies significantly between different conditions, and between and within European IMD centres. Further studies examining the outcome of treatment compared with the type of dietary therapy and nutritional support received are required. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Aguiar A.,Hospital de Santo Espirito da Ilha Terceira | Ahring K.,Copenhagen University | Almeida M.F.,Multidisciplinary Unit for Biomedical Research | Assoun M.,Service des maladies hereditaires du metabolisme | And 76 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2015

Background: There appears little consensus concerning protein requirements in phenylketonuria (PKU). Methods: A questionnaire completed by 63 European and Turkish IMD centres from 18 countries collected data on prescribed total protein intake (natural/intact protein and phenylalanine-free protein substitute [PS]) by age, administration frequency and method, monitoring, and type of protein substitute. Data were analysed by European region using descriptive statistics. Results: The amount of total protein (from PS and natural/intact protein) varied according to the European region. Higher median amounts of total protein were prescribed in infants and children in Northern Europe (n. =. 24 centres) (infants <. 1. year, >. 2-3. g/kg/day; 1-3. years of age, >. 2-3. g/kg/day; 4-10. years of age, >. 1.5-2.5. g/kg/day) and Southern Europe (n. =. 10 centres) (infants <. 1. year, 2.5. g/kg/day, 1-3. years of age, 2. g/kg/day; 4-10. years of age, 1.5-2. g/kg/day), than by Eastern Europe (n. =. 4 centres) (infants <. 1. year, 2.5. g/kg/day, 1-3. years of age, >. 2-2.5. g/kg/day; 4-10. years of age, >. 1.5-2. g/kg/day) and with Western Europe (n. =. 25 centres) giving the least (infants <. 1. year, >. 2-2.5. g/kg/day, 1-3. years of age, 1.5-2. g/kg/day; 4-10. years of age, 1-1.5. g/kg/day). Total protein prescription was similar in patients aged >. 10. years (1-1.5. g/kg/day) and maternal patients (1-1.5. g/kg/day). Conclusions: The amounts of total protein prescribed varied between European countries and appeared to be influenced by geographical region. In PKU, all gave higher than the recommended 2007 WHO/FAO/UNU safe levels of protein intake for the general population. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.. Source

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