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Habib G.,Marseille University Hospital Center | Charron P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Eicher J.-C.,CHU Dijon | Giorgi R.,Service de Sante Publique et dInformation Medicale | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2011

Aims The clinical features, prognosis, and even definition of left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) are still the subject of much debate. The aim of this registry was to describe the clinical, echocardiographic, and prognostic features of LVNC in France. The main endpoint was to assess clinical and echocardiographic predictors of adverse outcome, defined as death or heart transplantation. Methods and resultsBetween 2004 and 2006, 154 suspected cases of LNVC were identified from a nationwide survey in France. The diagnosis of LVNC was confirmed in 105 cases by echocardiographic evaluation in a core laboratory. Clinical and echocardiographic data for the 105 cases of LVNC are presented. Left ventricular non-compaction was first detected from heart failure symptoms in 45 patients, rhythm disorders in 12, and familial screening in 8. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was <30 in 46 of patients, but ≥50 in 16. The latter had less symptoms of severe heart failure (11 vs. 54%, P = 0.001), but similar extension of the NC zone. During 2.33 ± 1.47 years of follow-up, several complications occurred, including severe heart failure in 33 patients, transplantation in 9, ventricular arrhythmia in 7, embolic events in 9, and death in 12. Factors associated with death or heart transplantation were NYHA 3 or 4 (HR = 6.69; P = 0.0007), high LV filling pressures (HR = 7.59; P = 0.001), LVEF (HR = 0.93; P = 0.006), and hospitalization for heart failure (HR = 13.55; P < 0.0001). Conclusion In this large reported series of LVNC, we observed that: (i) Left ventricular non-compaction was detected by familial screening in asymptomatic patients in 8% of cases. (ii) Left ventricular non-compaction was frequently over-diagnosed by echocardiography. (iii) Patients identified as LVNC presented with a high risk of severe complications, transplantation or death and needed close follow-up. © 2010 The Author.

Adda J.,La Timone Hospital | Mielot C.,La Timone Hospital | Giorgi R.,Service de Sante Publique et dInformation Medicale | Giorgi R.,Aix - Marseille University | And 8 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging | Year: 2012

Background-Low-flow low-gradient (LFLG) is sometimes observed in severe aortic stenosis (AS) despite normal ejection fraction, but its frequency and mechanisms are still debated. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with LFLG AS and assess the presence of longitudinal left ventricular dysfunction in these patients. Methods and Results-In a multicenter prospective study, 340 consecutive patients with severe AS and normal ejection fraction were studied. Longitudinal left ventricular function was assessed by 2D-strain and global afterload by valvulo-arterial impedance. Patients were classified according to flow and gradient: low flow was defined as a stroke volume index ≤35 mL/m 2, low gradient as a mean gradient ≤40 mm Hg. Most patients (n=258, 75.9%) presented with high-gradient AS, and 82 patients (24.1%) with low-gradient AS. Among the latter, 52 (15.3%) presented with normal flow and low gradient and 30 (8.8%) with LFLG. As compared with normal flow and low gradient, patients with LFLG had more severe AS (aortic valve area=0.7±0.12 cm 2 versus 0.86±0.14 cm 2), higher valvulo-arterial impedance (5.5±1.1 versus 4±0.8 mm Hg/mL/m 2), and worse longitudinal left ventricular function (basal longitudinal strain=-11.6±3.4 versus -14.8±3%; P<0.001 for all). Conclusions-LFLG AS is observed in 9% of patients with severe AS and normal ejection fraction and is associated with high global afterload and reduced longitudinal systolic function. Patients with normal-flow low-gradient AS are more frequent and present with less severe AS, normal afterload, and less severe longitudinal dysfunction. Severe left ventricular longitudinal dysfunction is a new explanation to the concept of LFLG AS. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.

Leydet-Quilici H.,Service de Rhumatologie | Le Corroller T.,Service de radiologie | Bouvier C.,Service danatomo pathologie | Giorgi R.,Service de Sante Publique et dInformation Medicale | And 6 more authors.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage | Year: 2010

Objectives: To correlate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) aspects of the femoral head with histological findings in advanced hip osteoarthritis (OA), with special emphasis on bone marrow edema (BME). Methods: MRI was performed in patients with advanced hip OA scheduled for hip arthroplasty. Coronal T1-, fat-suppressed T2-, T1 with gadolinium intravenous injection sequences were obtained on a 1.5. T MR-scanner within 1 month before surgery.Coronal MR images corresponding to the ligamentum teres plane were analyzed by two independent readers blinded to histological data. Normal bone marrow, subchondral cyst, subchondral fracture, edema-like, necrosis-like, and necrosis MR patterns were reported on a synthesis scheme. After surgery, the femoral heads specimens were cut through the ligamentum teres plane and histologically analyzed for correlations. Results: Twenty-three femoral heads were analyzed (female 56.5%, mean age 64.5 years). Edema-like MR pattern was correlated with histological (H) edema (Kappa (K): 0.77). Necrosis-like MR pattern was correlated with H fibrosis (K: 0.49) and with H necrosis (K: 0.24). Cyst MR pattern was correlated with H bone cysts (K: 0.58). Necrosis MR pattern corresponded to a mixture of histological lesions. Sensitivity and specificity of MRI varied from 26% to 80% and from 86% to 95% respectively. Conclusion: In advanced hip OA, the so-called "BME" MR lesion corresponds to a combination of edema, fibrosis, and necrosis at histopathology. When the classical "BME" is more specifically separated into edema-like and necrosis-like MR patterns, MR Imaging and histological findings show substantial agreement, with edema-like MR pattern mainly corresponding to histological edema. © 2010 Osteoarthritis Research Society International.

Bonello L.,Hopital University Nord | Bonello L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Pansieri M.,Service de cardiologie | Mancini J.,Service de Sante Publique et dInformation Medicale | And 17 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between platelet reactivity (PR) after a loading dose (LD) of prasugrel and thrombotic events. Background: Post-treatment PR has been shown to be strongly associated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the clopidogrel era. Prasugrel is a new P2Y12adenosine diphosphate receptor with a higher potency on PR. Methods: A prospective multicenter study included patients who underwent successful PCI for acute coronary syndromes and received prasugrel therapy. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) index was measured after the prasugrel LD. High on-treatment PR was defined as a VASP index ≥50%. MACE included cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and definite stent thrombosis at 1 month. Results: Three hundred one patients were enrolled. The mean VASP index after 60 mg of prasugrel was 34.3 ± 23.1%. High on-treatment PR was observed in 76 patients (25.2%). Patients experiencing thrombotic events after PCI had significantly higher VASP indexes compared with those free of events (64.4 ± 14.4% vs. 33.4 ± 22.7%; range: 51% to 64% and 5% to 47.6%, respectively; p = 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis comparing good responders and patients with high on-treatment PR demonstrated a significantly higher rate of MACE in patients with suboptimal PR inhibition (log-rank p < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis found a cutoff value of 53.5% of the VASP index to predict thrombotic events at 1 month (r = 0.86, p < 0.001). Patients with minor or major Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction unrelated to coronary artery bypass grafting bleeding and those without had similar VASP indexes (30 ± 17.8% vs. 34.3 ± 23%, p = 0.70). Conclusions: Despite the use of prasugrel, a significant number of patients undergoing PCI in the setting of acute coronary syndromes do not achieve optimal PR inhibition. Such patients have a higher risk for MACE after PCI. © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Carsin A.,Marseille University Hospital Center | Gorincour G.,Marseille University Hospital Center | Bresson V.,Marseille University Hospital Center | Oudyi M.,Marseille University Hospital Center | And 8 more authors.
Archives de Pediatrie | Year: 2012

Objective: To describe the chest radiographs of infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis and to assess whether patient management changed after radiography. Study design: All infants hospitalized in our pediatric unit with a first episode of acute bronchiolitis from October 2010 to March 2012 were included in the study. Infants with chronic disease or transferred from a pediatric intensive care unit were excluded. The following data were collected: sex, age, neonatal history, atopy, tobacco exposure, admission criteria, treatment, laboratory parameters, ultrasonography and its outcome, results of chest radiography on admittance, the reason for a second chest radiograph, change in management as a result of the radiograph. Results: The study comprised 232 infants (median age 2.2 months, boys 56%, positive respiratory syncytial virus 73.4%). Among them, 227 children had a routine chest radiograph revealing distension and/or bronchial wall thickening (n=141, 62.4%), focal opacity (19.9%), or atelectasis (17.7%). This radiograph led to the prescription of antibiotics in six patients (2.6%) and allowed the diagnosis of vascular abnormality to be made in one case (0.4%). Thirty-five patients (15.4%) had a second chest radiograph during their hospitalization owing to oxygen reason specified (n=1). Pneumonia (n=7) and/or atelectasis (n=15) were then found in 62.9%. Patient management (antibiotics, postural maneuvers) was modified in six patients (17.1%). Conclusions: Routine chest radiographs contribute only partially to the treatment of infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis. However, radiography is useful when the hospitalized child does not improve at the expected rate or if the disease is severe. The indication of chest radiography in infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis should be discussed on a case by a case basis. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.

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