Le Heuzey M.-F.,Service de psychopathologie de lenfant et ladolescent
Archives de Pediatrie | Year: 2011
Dangerous games inside or outside school are a serious social phenomenon, but unfortunately underrecognized. Aggressive games are a part of school bullying, which is in expansion. Choking games are very dangerous, with many deaths or serious neurologic complications. Pediatricians should be knowledgeable about risky behaviors encountered by their patients, and provide guidance about its dangers. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Role of cognitive flexibility in the recognition of emotional expressions in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders [Rôle de la flexibilité cognitive dans la reconnaissance d'expressions émotionnelles chez les personnes atteintes de Troubles du Spectre Autistique]
Conill E.,Paris 8 University |
Stilgenbauer J.-L.,Paris 8 University |
Mouren M.-C.,Service de psychopathologie de lenfant et ladolescent |
Gousse V.,University of Nimes
Annales Medico-Psychologiques | Year: 2014
The present research tested whether young children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) shows impaired recognition of basic-emotion expressions (anger, fear, happiness, sadness, disgust) and the same emotions embedded in a social background (i.e. simple versus complex facial emotion recognition), compared with typically developing (TD) children. Moreover, we investigated whether cognitive flexibility could be linked with these faces processing skills. Our results showed that performance in ASD children was similar to the group of TD children for simple emotion recognition whereas TD children outperformed ASDs children in the complex task. In the second part, our study tends to confirm a link between cognitive flexibility and faces processing skills in children with ASD, especially when different contextual cues are present to extract facial emotion. We confirm previous findings demonstrating that individuals with ASDs use an effortful "systematizing" process to recognize emotion expressions, whereas TD individuals use a more holistic process. These results are discussed within the context of current neuropsychological studies on "weak central coherence", hyper-systemizing theory, and lack of cognitive flexibility in ASD. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS.