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Fendri-Kriaa N.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Moleculaire Humaine | Mkaouar-Rebai E.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Moleculaire Humaine | Moalla D.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Moleculaire Humaine | Belguith N.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Moleculaire Humaine | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Child Neurology | Year: 2010

Rett syndrome is a severe disorder characterized by loss of acquired skills after a period of normal development in infant girls. It is caused mainly by mutations in the MECP2 gene. In this study, we reported mutations in the MECP2 gene in 7 Tunisian patients with classic Rett syndrome. The results showed the presence of a double mutation in 1 patient: p.R306C and c.1461+98insA, which create a new hypothetical polyadenylation site in the 3 ĝ€2UTR of the MECP2 gene. We also detected in another patient a new variant c.1461+92C>G in the 3ĝ€2UTR located previous to 34 bp from the polyadenylation site with a score of 4.085. This variation is located in a hypothetical splicing enhancer with a score of 1.96277 according to the ESE finder program. In the remaining 5 patients, we found 2 common mutations: p.T158M in 4 individuals and p.R168X in only 1 girl. © The Author(s) 2010. Source


Mkaouar-Rebai E.,University of Sfax | Fendri-Kriaa N.,University of Sfax | Louhichi N.,University of Sfax | Tlili A.,University of Sfax | And 3 more authors.
Bioscience Reports | Year: 2010

Sensorineural hearing loss has been described in association with different mitochondrial multisystemic syndromes, often characterized by an important neuromuscular involvement. Until now, mutations in mitochondrial DNA, especially in the 12S rRNA, the tRNASer(UCN) and the tRNALeu(UUR) genes, were implicated in syndromic or non-syndromic hearing loss either as a primary cause or as predisposing factors. In the present study, we performed a whole mitochondrial genome screening in two unrelated Tunisian families with inherited hearing loss. Results showed the presence of a novel mutation in the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene in the two probands of these two families who belong to two different haplogroups: L3 and H6a1. The m.735A>G mutation affects a conserved nucleotide of the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene in primates and other species and had a conservation index of 78.5% (11/14). We also detected known polymorphisms and sic novel mitochondrial variants. The present study confirmed that the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene is a hot spot for mutations associated with hearing impairment. ©The Authors Journal compilation ©2010 Biochemical Society. Source


Cheillan D.,Hospices Civils de Lyon | Briand G.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Salomons G.S.,VU University Amsterdam | Cuisset J.-M.,Service de Neurologie Infantile | And 23 more authors.
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Year: 2012

A population of patients with unexplained neurological symptoms from six major French university hospitals was screened over a 28-month period for primary creatine disorder (PCD). Urine guanidinoacetate (GAA) and creatine:creatinine ratios were measured in a cohort of 6,353 subjects to identify PCD patients and compile their clinical, §ssup§1§ esup§H-MRS, biochemical and molecular data. Six GAMT [N- guanidinoacetatemethyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.2)] and 10 X-linked creatine transporter (SLC6A8) but no AGAT (GATM) [L-arginine/glycine amidinotransferase (EC 2.1.4.1)] deficient patients were identified in this manner. Three additional affected sibs were further identified after familial inquiry (1 brother with GAMT deficiency and 2 brothers with SLC6A8 deficiency in two different families). The prevalence of PCD in this population was 0.25% (0.09% and 0.16% for GAMT and SLC6A8 deficiencies, respectively). Seven new PCD-causing mutations were discovered (2 nonsense [c.577C > T and c.289C > T] and 1 splicing [c.391 + 15G > T] mutations for the GAMT gene and, 2 missense [c.1208C > A and c.926C > A], 1 frameshift [c.930delG] and 1 splicing [c.1393-1G > A] mutations for the SLC6A8 gene). No hot spot mutations were observed in these genes, as all the mutations were distributed throughout the entire gene sequences and were essentially patient/family specific. Approximately one fifth of the mutations of SLC6A8, but not GAMT, were attributed to neo-mutation, germinal or somatic mosaicism events. The only SLC6A8-deficient female patient in our series presented with the severe phenotype usually characterizing affected male patients, an observation in agreement with recent evidence that is in support of the fact that this X-linked disorder might be more frequent than expected in the female population with intellectual disability. © 2012 Cheillan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Cheillan D.,Hospices Civils de Lyon | Briand G.,Lille 2 University of Health and Law | Salomons G.S.,VU University Amsterdam | Cuisset J.-M.,Service de Neurologie Infantile | And 23 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism | Year: 2013

Creatine and guanidinoacetate are biomarkers of creatine metabolism. Their assays in body fluids may be used for detecting patients with primary creatine deficiency disorders (PCDD), a class of inherited diseases. Their laboratory values in blood and urine may vary with age, requiring that reference normal values are given within the age range. Despite the long known role of creatine for muscle physiology, muscle signs are not necessarily the major complaint expressed by PCDD patients. These disorders drastically affect brain function inducing, in patients, intellectual disability, autistic behavior and other neurological signs (delays in speech and language, epilepsy, ataxia, dystonia and choreoathetosis), being a common feature the drop in brain creatine content. For this reason, screening of PCDD patients has been repeatedly carried out in populations with neurological signs. This report is aimed at providing reference laboratory values and related age ranges found for a large scale population of patients with neurological signs (more than 6 thousand patients) previously serving as a background population for screening French patients with PCDD. These reference laboratory values and age ranges compare rather favorably with literature values for healthy populations. Some differences are also observed, and female participants are discriminated from male participants as regards to urine but not blood values including creatine on creatinine ratio and guanidinoacetate on creatinine ratio values. Such gender differences were previously observed in healthy populations; they might be explained by literature differential effects of testosterone and estrogen in adolescents and adults, and by estrogen effects in prepubertal age on SLC6A8 function. Finally, though they were acquired on a population with neurological signs, the present data might reasonably serve as reference laboratory values in any future medical study exploring abnormalities of creatine metabolism and transport. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


Fendri-Kriaa N.,University of Sfax | Hsairi I.,Service de Neurologie Infantile | Ellouze E.,Service de Neurologie Infantile | Mkaouar-Rebai E.,University of Sfax | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

Rett syndrome is an X-linked dominant disorder caused frequently by mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). Rett patients present an apparently normal psychomotor development during the first 6-18 months of life. Thereafter, they show a short period of developmental stagnation followed by a rapid regression in language and motor development. The aim of this study was to perform a mutational analysis of the MECP2 gene in a classical Rett patient by sequencing the corresponding gene and modeling the found variants. The results showed the presence of a double-mutation: a new and de novo mutation c.535C > T (p.P179S) and the common c.763C > T (p.R255X) transition of the MECP2 gene. The p.P179S mutation was located in a conserved amino acid in CRIR domain (corepressor interacting region). Modeling results showed that the P179S transition could change local electrostatic properties by adding a negative charge due to serine hydroxyl group of this region of MeCP2 which may affect the function and stability of the protein. The p.R255X mutation is located in TRD-NLS domain (transcription repression domain-nuclear localization signal) of MeCP2 protein. © 2011. Source

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