Neonatal and child tetanus morbidity and mortality in the University hospitals of Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (2001-2010) [Morbidité et mortalité du tétanos des nouveau-nés et des enfants dans les Centres hospitaliers universitaires d’Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (2001-2010)]
Aba Y.T.,Alassane Ouattara University |
Cisse L.,Service de pediatrie medicale |
Abale A.K.,Service de pediatrie medicale |
Diakite I.,Service de neurologie medicale |
And 6 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique | Year: 2016
The lack of data on neonatal tetanus and children in university hospitals (UH) in Abidjan for over a decade has motivated the realization of this study. The objective of this study is to evaluate the morbidity and mortality related to neonatal tetanus (NT) and child tetanus (CT) in Abidjan University Hospital from 2001 to 2010. It is a retrospective study, multicenter analysis with records of newborns and children suffering from tetanus in the three UH of Abidjan. The collection and analysis of data were made by the SPHINX 4.5 and EPI.INFO 6.0 software. In ten years, 242 cases of tetanus (53 NT cases and 189 CT cases) were collected with a predominance of cases after the fifth year of life (59.5%). The incidence rate of NT was less than 1 case per 1,000 live births. All mothers of the newborns were inhabiting the city of Abidjan. Their median age was 19 years [16-32] and 64% were teenagers. Gateways were dominated by umbilical wounds (77.3%) in the NTand skin wounds (59%) in CT. The cure rate was 30.2% in the NT and 60% in the CT. Lethality was 60% for NT and 22% for CT with a positive correlation with young age (neonates: p = 4.10-7, age <5 years: p = 0.01), lack of intraspinal injection of tetanus serum (p = 8.10-6), the absence of conventional antibiotic therapy (p = 0.023), the existence of metabolic complications (p = 2.10-5), the score of ≥ 4 Dakar (p = 0.005). Tetanus remains a real morbidly cause among children in Abidjan University Hospital with high lethality. However, the incidence of NT seems consistent with the incidence threshold desired by WHO © 2016, Springer-Verlag France.
Chaabane K.,Service de gynecologie obstetrique |
Turki E.,Service de neurologie medicale |
Zouari F.,Service de gynecologie obstetrique |
Charfi S.,Laboratoire dAnatomie Pathologique |
And 2 more authors.
Revue de Medecine Interne | Year: 2013
Introduction: Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration may be a manifestation indicative of lung, gynecological or breast cancer. Nevertheless, breast cancer is rarely revealed by the occurrence of a paraneoplastic syndrome. Case report: We report a 38-year-old patient who presented a paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration with anti-Yo antibodies as the presenting manifestation of a breast cancer. Conclusion: The diagnosis of a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) should lead to urgent and comprehensive screening for cancer oriented by the type of PNS and the nature of the anti-neuronal antibody. © 2013.
Mahdaou L.,Service dEndocrinologie et Diabetologie |
Chadli A.,Service dEndocrinologie et Diabetologie |
Taheri A.,Service dEndocrinologie et Diabetologie |
El Aziz S.,Service dEndocrinologie et Diabetologie |
And 4 more authors.
Medecine des Maladies Metaboliques | Year: 2013
The authors report the case of a 59 year-old woman, who presented isolated paroxysmal visual hallucinations revealing a type 2 diabetes. These visual manifestations have completely disappeared when euglycemia was obtained. The association of seizures and hyperglycemia has been rarely reported in literature and these crises are often motor. Visual crises are exceptional and should also seek for hyperglycemia that can reveal diabetes. © 2013 - Elsevier Masson SAS - Tous droits réservés.