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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Phung B.-C.,Service de Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales SMIT | Yeni P.,Service de Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales SMIT
Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy | Year: 2011

Darunavir is a new-generation nonpeptidic HIV protease inhibitor (PI), used with low doses of ritonavir for pharmacologic enhancement (boosting). It has demonstrated potent activity against multidrug-resistant HIV, with a robust resistance profile and a distinct set of mutations. In heavily treatment-experienced patients with HIV infection, darunavir administered twice daily with ritonavir has shown higher rates of efficacy than the control PI. In less treatment-experienced patients, boosted darunavir was noninferior to boosted lopinavir. In treatment-naive patients, boosted darunavir administered once daily was noninferior to boosted lopinavir, and showed higher virologic and immunological response rates in patients with high baseline viral load and low baseline CD4 + cell counts. Monotherapy with boosted darunavir is an acceptable option in some specific conditions. Boosted darunavir was generally well tolerated, with lower incidence of diarrhea and a more favorable lipid profile than boosted lopinavir in treatment-naive patients. © 2011 Expert Reviews Ltd. Source

Tanon A.,Service de Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales SMIT | Jaquet A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Ekouevi D.K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Adoubi I.,Service de cancerologie | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Cancer is a growing co-morbidity among HIV-infected patients worldwide. With the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in developing countries, cancer will contribute more and more to the HIV/AIDS disease burden. Our objective was to estimate the association between HIV infection and selected types of cancers among patients hospitalized for diagnosis or treatment of cancer in West Africa. Methods: A case-referent study was conducted in referral hospitals in Côte d'Ivoire and Benin. Each participating clinical ward enrolled all adult patients seeking care for a confirmed diagnosis of cancer and clinicians systematically proposed an HIV test. HIV prevalence was compared between AIDS-defining cancers and a subset of selected non-AIDS defining cancers to a referent group of non-AIDS defining cancers not reported in the literature to be positively or inversely associated with HIV. An unconditional logistic model was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the risk of being HIV-infected for selected cancers sites compared to a referent group of other cancers. Results: The HIV overall prevalence was 12.3% (CI 10.3-14.4) among the 1,017 cancer cases included. A total of 442 patients constituted the referent group with an HIV prevalence of 4.7% (CI 2.8-6.7). In multivariate analysis, Kaposi sarcoma (OR 62.2 [CI 22.1-175.5]), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (4.0 [CI 2.0-8.0]), cervical cancer (OR 7.9 [CI 3.8-16.7]), anogenital cancer (OR 11.6 [CI 2.9-46.3]) and liver cancer (OR 2.7 [CI 1.1-7.7]) were all associated with HIV infection. Conclusions: In a time of expanding access to ART, AIDS-defining cancers remain highly associated with HIV infection. This is to our knowledge, the first study reporting a significant association between HIV infection and liver cancer in sub-Saharan Africa. © 2012 Tanon et al. Source

Jaquet A.,University of Bordeaux Segalen | Ekouevi D.K.,University of Bordeaux Segalen | Aboubakrine M.,Service dHepato gastro enterologie | Messou E.,CePReF | And 9 more authors.
Addiction | Year: 2010

Aim To investigate the association between alcohol use and adherence to highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in subSaharan Africa. Design and setting Cross-sectional survey conducted in eight adult HIV treatment centres from Benin, Côte d'Ivoire and Mali. Participants and measurements During a 4-week period, health workers administered the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test to HAART-treated patients and assessed treatment adherence using the AIDS Clinical Trials Group follow-up questionnaire. Findings A total of 2920 patients were enrolled with a median age of 38 years [interquartile range (IQR) 32-45 years] and a median duration on HAART of 3 years (IQR 1-4 years). Overall, 91.8% of patients were identified as adherent to HAART. Non-adherence was associated with current drinking [odds ratio (OR) 1.4; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-2.0], hazardous drinking (OR 4.7; 95% CI 2.6-8.6) and was associated inversely with a history of counselling on adherence (OR 0.7; 95% CI 0.5-0.9). Conclusions Alcohol consumption and hazardous drinking is associated with non-adherence to HAART among HIV-infected patients from West Africa. Adult HIV care programmes should integrate programmes to reduce hazardous and harmful drinking. © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction. Source

Jaquet A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Odutola M.,Institute of Human Virology in Nigeria IHVN | Ekouevi D.K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Ekouevi D.K.,University of Lome | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2015

The consequences of the HIV epidemic on cancer epidemiology are sparsely documented in Africa. We aimed to estimate the association between HIV infection and selected types of cancers among patients hospitalized for cancer in four West African countries. A case-referent study was conducted in referral hospitals of Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria and Togo. Each participating clinical ward included all adult patients seeking care with a confirmed diagnosis of cancer. All patients were systematically screened for HIV infection. HIV prevalence of AIDS-defining and some non-AIDS defining cancers (Hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia, liver, lung, skin, pharynx, larynx, oral cavity and anogenital cancers) were compared to a referent group of cancers reported in the literature as not associated with HIV. Odds ratios adjusted on age, gender and lifetime number of sexual partners (aOR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. Among the 1644 cancer patients enrolled, 184 (11.2%) were identified as HIV-infected. The HIV prevalence in the referent group (n=. 792) was 4.4% [CI 3.0-5.8]. HIV infection was associated with Kaposi sarcoma (aOR 34.6 [CI: 17.3-69.0]), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (aOR 3.6 [CI 1.9-6.8]), cervical cancer (aOR 4.3 [CI 2.2-8.3]), anogenital cancer (aOR 17.7 [CI 6.9-45.2]) and squamous cell skin carcinoma (aOR 5.2 [CI 2.0-14.4]). A strong association is now reported between HIV infection and Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers including cervical cancer and anogenital cancer. As these cancers are amenable to prevention strategies, screening of HPV-related cancers among HIV-infected persons is of paramount importance in this African context. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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