Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B

Zinder, Niger

Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B

Zinder, Niger
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PubMed | Service dUrologie, Service de Chirurgie Viscerale C, Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B, Service dAnesthesie Reanimation and Service de Chirurgie Pediatrique
Type: | Journal: The Pan African medical journal | Year: 2016

Acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AIO) is one of the most frequent pathologies in emergency digestive surgery. The objective of this study was to describe the etiologic and prognostic features of acute mechanical intestinal obstruction at the National Hospital of Zinder (HNZ), Niger. We conducted a cross-sectional study including all the patients operated for AIO over a period of 24 months (January 2013 - December 2014) Mechanical intestinal obstructions represent 24.50% (n=171) of digestive surgical emergencies (n=622). The median age was 25 years (range: 1 day-95 years). The sex ratio was 3.5 in favour of men. Children accounted for 38.60% (n=66). The seat of the obstacle was at the level of the small bowel in 60.82% (n=104), colonic in 21.63% (n=37) and mixed in 17.54% (n=30). The mechanism of strangulation accounted for 88,89% (n=152), among these strangulated hernias were detected in 49,70% (n=85) of patients and acute intestinal invaginations in 19,88% (n=34) of patients. Anorectal malformations and tumors were the main cause of obstruction in 7.02% (n=12) and 3.51% (n=6) of cases respectively. Intestinal resection was performed in 52 cases (30.41%). Septic complications prevailed (n=39/53); among these parietal suppuration (n=23). The average length of stay in hospital was 7.82 days. The overall mortality rate was 11.70% (n=20). This was statistically correlated to intestinal necrosis (p=0.01) and to delayed hospital admission (p=0.04). There are many causes of AIO which are dominated by strangulated hernia. The high morbidity and mortality rate from AIO might be prevented by early treatment performed before intestinal necrosis occurs.


Garba A.A.,Service de Medecine Interne et Generale | Adamou H.,Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B | Magagi I.A.,Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B | Brah S.,Service de Medecine Interne et Generale | Habou O.,Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B
Pan African Medical Journal | Year: 2016

Enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is a rare complication of celiac disease (CD). We report a case of EATL associated with CD revealed by acute intestinal obstruction. A North African woman of 38 years old with a history of infertility and chronic abdominal pain was admitted in emergency with acute intestinal obstruction. During the surgery, we found a tumor on the small intestine with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Histology and immunohistochemistry of the specimen objectified a digestive T lymphoma CD3+ and immunological assessment of celiac disease was positive. The diagnosis of EATL was thus retained. Chemotherapy (CHOEP protocol) was established as well as gluten-free diet with a complete response to treatment. The EATL is a rare complication of CD that can be revealed by intestinal obstruction. The prognosis can be improved by early treatment involving surgery and chemotherapy. Its prevention requires early diagnosis of celiac and gluten-free diets. © Abdoul Aziz Garba et al.


PubMed | Service de Medecine Interne et Generale and Service de Chirurgie Generale et Digestive B
Type: | Journal: The Pan African medical journal | Year: 2016

Enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is a rare complication of celiac disease (CD). We report a case of EATL associated with CD revealed by acute intestinal obstruction. A North African woman of 38 years old with a history of infertility and chronic abdominal pain was admitted in emergency with acute intestinal obstruction. During the surgery, we found a tumor on the small intestine with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Histology and immunohistochemistry of the specimen objectified a digestive T lymphoma CD3+ and immunological assessment of celiac disease was positive. The diagnosis of EATL was thus retained. Chemotherapy (CHOEP protocol) was established as well as gluten-free diet with a complete response to treatment. The EATL is a rare complication of CD that can be revealed by intestinal obstruction. The prognosis can be improved by early treatment involving surgery and chemotherapy. Its prevention requires early diagnosis of celiac and gluten-free diets.


PubMed | Service de chirurgie generale et digestive B and University Pierre and Marie Curie
Type: | Journal: Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2016

Total small-intestinal volvulus with malrotation (TSIVM) classically presents in the neonatal period; it occurs much less frequently in the adult and is often misdiagnosed. Prognosis is directly related to the degree and duration of intestinal ischemia. Our goal is to describe our experience with TSIVM in the adult, to identify any specific findings and to discuss its management.Eleven patients who had undergone surgery for TSIVM at three centers between 1992 and 2012 were included. Surgery was performed as an emergency for five patients and surgery was elective for six.Mean follow-up was 63 months (range: 12-270). Six patients had had previous abdominal surgery. In nine cases, the diagnosis of TSIVM was made preoperatively, mainly by CT scan in eight cases. Seven patients had associated congenital failure of retroperitoneal fixation of the right colon and all of these underwent a Ladd procedure. The mortality rate was zero. Of the five patients who underwent emergency surgery, three required intestinal resections, one of whom developed a short bowel syndrome. The six patients who underwent surgery electively had no surgical complications.TSIVM is a very unusual finding in adult patients. The diagnosis can be made by CT scan with IV and oral contrast, but it often comes to light only at the time of surgery, even though the patients have often had recurrent episodes of abdominal symptomatology that dated back to childhood. The Ladd procedure, consisting of division of Ladds bands, widening of the mesentery, and incidental appendectomy, remains the standard surgical repair. Digestive surgeons who care for adults should be familiar with this procedure, and it should be performed, as often as possible, with the assistance of a pediatric surgeon.

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