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rue Saint Pierre, France

Chelala E.,Service de Chirurgie Digestive | Declercq S.,University of Antwerp
Hernia | Year: 2015

Perineal hernias are infrequent complications following abdominoperineal surgeries. These hernias require surgical repair when they become symptomatic by several conventional or reconstructive techniques. The benefits of a full laparoscopic approach and/or the combined approach of a perineal repair of the pelvic floor associated to the laparoscopic placement of a traditional synthetic mesh have been previously demonstrated. In this article, we present the case of a perineal incisional hernia, post-abdominoperineal resection of the rectum after radio chemotherapy, in the neoadjuvant treatment of a rectal adenocarcinoma tumor. An alternative approach, not previously described for the surgical repair of this type of hernia, is presented to assess the feasibility of the suturing repair, and efficacy of a biological acellular porcine collagen implant Permacol®. A full laparoscopic suturing for the closure of the perineal defect associated to biological mesh reinforcement was successfully undertaken, with good short-term outcomes. © 2013, Springer-Verlag France.

Sezeur A.,Service de Chirurgie Digestive
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2011

Unrecognized lithiasis of the cystic duct (CDL) may be responsible for post cholecystectomy. This retrospective study looked at the incidence of CDL during cholecystectomy, as well as the context of its occurrence; recommendations for a practical surgical approach are offered. Over a period of 30 months, 143 consecutive cholecystectomies (103 women, 40 men; mean age: 57 years) were performed by the same surgeon: 142 by laparoscopy, and one by laparotomy due to a history of previous gastrectomy. The cystic duct was always opened and milked upward in search of CDL before immediate clip occlusion or performance of cholangiography (106 times, 74.1%). In seven cases, cholangiography was impossible because the cystic duct was too narrow. There was no mortality. CDL was found in 21 cases (14.7%) and removed. This had not been identified by preoperative imaging (ultrasound or CT). Pain in the month preceding cholecystectomy occurred more frequently in cases of CDL (19/21[90.4%] vs 36/122 [29.5%]; P<0.001). Similarly, liver function tests were more often abnormal with CDL (10/21 [47.6%] vs 30/122 [24.5%]; P<0.05). However, neither jaundice nor gallbladder inflammation was predictive of CDL in this study. Echoendoscopy (EUS) was performed more often for suspected common duct lithiasis migration (CBDL) in patients with CDL than for those without (9/21 [42.8%] vs 26/122 [21.3%]; P<0.05). CBDL was present in 12 of 143 patients (8.3%). This was treated by preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy in 10 cases, and twice by trans-cystic stone extraction during the laparoscopic intervention. CBDL occurred more frequently in association with CDL (5/21 [23.8%] vs 7/122 [5.7%]; P<0.01). In addition, CDL was still present at cholecystectomy in the four patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy. Cystic duct lithiasis is found frequently during cholecystectomy; CDL is often associated with preoperative pain, abnormal liver function tests and choledocholithiasis. It can persist despite preoperative sphincterotomy. The search for and treatment of CDL should be routinely performed during cholecystectomy. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Khalil H.,Service de Chirurgie Digestive
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2010

Perforation of rectal cancer usually occurs intraperitoneally. Extraperitoneal perforation is rare and usually presents as perineal sepsis, leading to diagnosis and urgent surgical management plus antibiotic therapy. We report the case of a patient presenting with a perforated rectal carcinoma which presented as necrotizing fasciitis of the right thigh. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Studies showing the frequency of anal incontinence and its social and economic impact have driven progress in surgical treatment, from muscle repair by myorraphy (mainly posterior myorraphy) or sphincteroplasty by direct suture of the external anal sphincter some 20 years ago, to invasive surgery with implantation of an artificial anal sphincter in 1993, mini-invasive surgery based on sacral nerve stimulation in 1998, failure of mini-invasive procedures with injection of a bulking agent or radiofrequency in 2000-2010, and development in 2012 of cellular therapy based on injection of autologous myoblasts. Progress in functional gut exploration (anorectal manometry, electrophysiological tests, endoanal ultrasonography, MRI, colonic transit time) and better knowledge of colonic and ano-rectal physiology will lead to further surgical advances.

Schwarz L.,Service de Chirurgie Digestive
Journal of visceral surgery | Year: 2011

The incidence of complications after hepatectomy has been considerably reduced over the last 20 years. Better knowledge of liver anatomy and liver regeneration, and methods preventing bleeding during surgery have resulted in morbidity rates below 20% and mortality rates less than 5%. The treatment of the liver cross section remains controversial. Experimental studies have reported convincing biological effects of fibrin sealants or compresses when applied on the liver to decrease hemorrhagic or biliary complications. However, clinical studies are very heterogeneous, providing conflicting results compromising recommendations for routine use. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

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