Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône, France
Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône, France

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Deans Z.,Royal Infirmary | Fiorentino F.,Genoma Laboratories | Biricik A.,Genoma Laboratories | Traeger-Synodinos J.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2013

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was first performed over 20 years ago and has become an accepted part of genetic testing and assisted reproduction worldwide. The techniques and protocols necessary to carry out genetic testing at the single-cell level can be difficult to master and have been developed independently by the laboratories worldwide offering preimplantation testing. These factors indicated the need for an external quality assessment (EQA) scheme for monogenic disease PGD. Toward this end, the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology came together with United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Services for Molecular Genetics, to create a pilot EQA scheme followed by practical EQA schemes for all interested parties. Here, we detail the development of the pilot scheme as well as development and findings from the practical (clinical) schemes that have followed. Results were generally acceptable and there was marked improvement in results and laboratory scores for those labs that participated in multiple schemes. Data from the first three schemes indicate that the EQA scheme is working as planned and has helped laboratories improve their techniques and result reporting. The EQA scheme for monogenic PGD will continue to be developed to offer assessment for other monogenic disorders. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Goossens V.,ESHRE Central Office | Traeger-Synodinos J.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Coonen E.,Maastricht University | De Rycke M.,Center for Medical Genetics | And 4 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2012

The 11th report of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Consortium is presented, documenting cycles collected for the calendar year 2008 and follow-up of the pregnancies and babies born until October 2009 which resulted from these cycles. Since the beginning of the data collections, there has been a steady increase in the number of cycles, pregnancies and babies reported annually. For data collection XI, 53 centres have participated, reporting on 5641 cycles to oocyte retrieval (OR), along with details of the follow-up on 1418 pregnancies and 1169 babies born. A total of 774 OR were reported for chromosomal abnormalities, 96 OR for sexing for X-linked diseases, 1363 OR for monogenic diseases, 3401 OR for preimplantation genetic screening and 5 OR for social sexing. Data XI is compared with the cumulative data for data collections IX. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.

Harper J.,University College London | Coonen E.,Maastricht University | De Rycke M.,Center for Medical Genetics | Fiorentino F.,Molecular Genetics Laboratory | And 9 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2010

Since 2004, there have been 11 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) mainly for advanced maternal age (AMA), which have shown no benefit of performing preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). Ten of the RCTs have been performed at the cleavage stage and one at the blastocyst stage. It is probable that the high levels of chromosomal mosaicism at cleavage stages, which may Result in the tested cell not being representative of the embryo, and the inability to examine all of the chromosomes using fluorescence in situ hybridization, have contributed to the lack of positive outcome from the RCTs. We suggest that future RCTs should examine alternative biopsy timing (polar body and/or trophectoderm biopsy), and should apply technologies that allow more comprehensive testing to include all chromosomes (microarray-based testing) to determine if PGS shows an improvement in delivery rate. Currently there is no evidence that routine PGS is beneficial for patients with AMA and conclusive data (RCTs) on repeated miscarriage, implantation failure and severe male factor are missing. To evaluate benefits of PGS, an ESHRE trial has recently been started on patients with AMA using polar body biopsy and array-comparative genomic hybridization, which should bring more information on this patient group in the near future.

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