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Background. The possibility of conception in women with certain diseases, the treatments prescribed, and some toxic habits during pregnancy increase the risk to the offspring in the short, medium, and long terms. Objective. To evaluate the possible effects of maternal diseases and treatments received, and toxic habits during pregnancy, on the development of the fetus, newborn, and child. Method. Extensive and selected literature review. Outcome. Review of major causes of disease in the pregnant woman, as well as problems derived from treatments prescribed and toxic habits. Conclusion. The consequences of maternal illness, treatments administered, and toxic habits on the development of the child should not to be underestimated. Pediatricians must be familiar with the possible adverse effects of certain diseases, treatments, and toxic habits during pregnancy on the development of the child and, when possible, prevent them or treat them appropriately. © 1997 Pediatria Catalana.

Demestre X.,Servei de Pediatria Neonatologia | Raspall F.,Servei de Pediatria Neonatologia | Vila C.,Servei de Pediatria Neonatologia | Martinez-Nadal S.,Servei de Pediatria Neonatologia | And 3 more authors.
Pediatria Catalana | Year: 2015

Background. There is a paucity of studies on blood pressure values in healthy newborns. Objective. To determine the values of blood pressure in the immediate neonatal period in healthy newborns. Methods. A cohort of 4,496 newborn infants of 36 to 41 weeks of gestational age born between January 2007 and December 2010 were included in the study. Newborns with congenital malformations were excluded. Measurement of arterial blood pressure, including systolic, diastolic, and median, was performed using an oscillometric method at the time of admission to the nursery, which was within 30 to 60 minutes of life. The results were recorded in a database, along with the birth weight and gestational age. Results. The blood pressure values vary with gestational age, with significant increases from 36 to 41 weeks, and with birth weight. Conclusions. It is important to define the normal blood pressure patterns in the neonatal period. Gestational age, birth weight, and the method used may influence blood pressure readings.

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