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Nerin I.,University of Zaragoza | Lopez M.J.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio | Nebot M.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio
Archivos de Bronconeumologia | Year: 2011

Objective: To estimate the levels of small breathable suspended particles (PM2.5) as atmospheric markers of environmental tobacco smoke in catering establishments in Zaragoza, Spain. Material and method: An observational study was conducted between October 2006 and April 2008 in various catering establishments in Zaragoza. A SidePack Aerosol Monitor (AM510 model) was used to sample and record the levels of breathable suspended particles (PM2.5) indoors and outdoors, and the following variables were collected: smoking policy (smoking allowed, completely banned, or partially banned with non-smoking sections, physically separated or not); percentage of smokers and presence of cigarette ends, ashtrays or smokers in non-smoking sections. Results: A total of 111 venues were sampled. The level of PM2.5 was eight times higher in smoking venues than in non-smoking ones and also higher than outdoors. The correlation between the level of particles and percentage of smokers was 0.61 (P<01). In the non- smoking sections without physical separation the level of particles was twice as much as outdoors and similar to physically separated smokers sections. Conclusion: Only a complete ban on smoking in all workplaces, including leisure venues, has been shown to have a positive effect on workers and customers health. The measurement of PM2.5 can be a simple method to assess the presence of environmental tobacco smoke. © 2010 SEPAR.

Garcia-Continente X.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio | Garcia-Continente X.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Sant Pau IIB Sant Pau Barcelona | Garcia-Continente X.,University Pompeu Fabra | Allue N.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio | And 17 more authors.
Anales de Pediatria | Year: 2015

Abstract Introduction Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day in an equilibrated diet. Skipping breakfast has been associated with overweight. This study aimed to describe overweight and obesity among high school students in Barcelona and to analyze their association with eating habits and sedentary behaviors. Material and Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in 2008 on a representative sample of high-school students in Barcelona (Spain). Overweight and obesity were defined using Body Mass Index (BMI), which was calculated from objective measurements. The prevalences of overweight and obesity were determined, and their association with eating habits, sedentary behaviors, and physical activity was analyzed using logistic regression models. Results A total of 3,089 students were analyzed (52% girls). The prevalence of overweight was 26.1% in boys (6.2% obese) and 20.6% in girls (3.7% obese). In both sexes, overweight was associated with being younger, having breakfast less often, being on a diet, and with a lower frequency of unhealthy food intake. Being on a diet and a lower unhealthy food intake were related to obesity in both sexes. Among boys, obesity was also associated with sedentary behaviors. Conclusions The results show that overweight and obesity are a serious public health problem and confirm the importance of breakfast to prevent overweight. Moreover, these results allow us to expand our knowledge on the factors associated with overweight and obesity in order to improve current school preventive programs. © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría.

Garcia-Continente X.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio | Garcia-Continente X.,CIBER ISCIII | Garcia-Continente X.,Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau | Perez-Gimenez A.,Servei dAvaluacio i Metodes dIntervencio | And 9 more authors.
Gaceta Sanitaria | Year: 2014

The increasing use of mobile phones in the last decade has decreased landline telephone coverage in Spanish households. This study aimed to analyze sociodemographic characteristics and health indicators by type of telephone service (mobile phone vs. landline or landline and mobile phone). Two telephone surveys were conducted in Spanish samples (February 2010 and February 2011). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze differences in the main sociodemographic characteristics and health indicators according to the type of telephone service available in Spanish households. We obtained 2027 valid responses (1627 landline telephones and 400 mobile phones). Persons contacted through a mobile phone were more likely to be a foreigner, to belong to the manual social class, to have a lower educational level, and to be a smoker than those contacted through a landline telephone. The profile of the population that has only a mobile phone differs from that with a landline telephone. Therefore, telephone surveys that exclude mobile phones could show a selection bias. © 2013 SESPAS.

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