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Gloucester, United Kingdom

Serco Group plc is a British outsourcing company based in Hook, Hampshire. It operates public and private transport and traffic control, aviation, military weapons, detention centres, prisons and schools on behalf of its customers. There has been a history of problems, failures, fatal errors and overcharging.It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. Serco operates in Continental Europe, the Middle East, the Asia Pacific region and North America, but the majority of its turnover comes from the UK. Wikipedia.

Casadio S.,Serco | Arino O.,Earth Observation Directorate
Advances in Space Research | Year: 2011

The South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) has been monitored for 19 years using the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) series of instruments onboard the ERS-1, ERS-2 and ENVISAT ESA satellites. The time evolution of the night-time particle induced noise in the short wavelength infrared (SWIR, 1.6 μm) and visible (VIS, 0.55 μm) channels of the ATSR instrument series have been analysed. The monthly location and extension of the SAA are inferred by fitting a two-dimensional, elliptical Gaussian function to the coordinates of the night-time hot spots detected over the SAA region. The location of the centre of the SAA is found to drift westwards with an average drift rate of about 0.24 deg/year and northward with an average drift rate of about 0.12 deg/year. Irregularities are found where the drift speed is inverted and the SAA moves eastward and southward. Results indicate that, as expected, the retrieved values of SAA's strength and extension are anti-correlated with the solar activity expressed by the solar flux at 10.7 cm (F10.7). Finally, the peak-to-peak amplitude of the seasonal variation of the SAA strength, estimated from monthly VIS data, is found to be 30% of the average value with the annual to semiannual amplitude ratio of 1.38. © 2011 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Casadio S.,Serco | Arino O.,Earth Observation Directorate | Minchella A.,R.O.S.A.
Remote Sensing of Environment | Year: 2012

A method for the monitoring of night-time gas flaring of off-shore oil/gas extraction platforms using measurements of the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) and the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is presented and discussed in detail. The positions of off-shore extraction sites are accurately estimated by using SAR data, while the flaring activity is estimated from night-time shortwave infrared (SWIR) radiance measured by ATSR. The North Sea area has been selected as test case and related flaring activity from 1991 to 2010 has been analysed at single site and at North Sea area scales. Results indicate a decline in the overall flaring activity during the time period considered in this work, although single sites can show positive flaring trends. The ATSR derived flaring time series has been compared to the crude oil production data provided by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), showing very good agreement in terms of trend and seasonal behaviour. We present a simple inversion scheme aimed at the evaluation of the flame parameters (temperature and size) from night-time shortwave, middle and thermal infrared ATSR measurements, and results are discussed in detail. Finally, the possibility to estimate flaring efficiency from satellite measurements and from detailed technical information on flaring devices is envisaged. The proposed approach can be easily extended to other areas in which gas flaring from off-shore oil and gas extraction are an important economic and environmental factor. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Sharples J.,Serco
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP | Year: 2012

The paper presents results of a sub-task of the STYLE project currently running within the 7th Framework EU programme by way of an overview of leak-before-break (LBB) methodologies used in the nuclear industry of several European countries (Germany, France, UK, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Spain and Hungary). In relation to the various participating countries, the overview specifically focuses on: practices and procedures; regulatory position; evolution; application; past, present and planned future LBB research activities; and, future plans. A qualitative comparison of the different methods employed in the various countries is included with the commonalities and differences among the approaches being highlighted. Copyright © 2012 by ASME. Source

Hyeraci N.,Serco | Topputo F.,Polytechnic of Milan
Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy | Year: 2013

A massless particle may perform a ballistic capture about a primary when two or more gravitational attractions are considered. The dynamics governing the ballistic capture depend on the mutual position of the primaries, if these are let to revolve in eccentric orbits. This paper studies the effect of the primaries true anomaly on the ballistic capture about the smaller primary in the planar elliptic restricted three-body problem. The dynamics of the Hill curves are studied, and the conditions for a favorable capture are derived. It is shown that these lead to regular, quasi-stable post-capture orbits. This is confirmed by numerical simulations implementing the concept of capture set: a set of initial conditions that generates ballistic capture orbits with a prescribed stability number. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 132.16K | Year: 2010

Over 95% of used nuclear fuel is uranium and plutonium, which can be recovered and reused. However, because used fuel is intensely radioactive, this requires very complex processes. These processes can also be adapted to the separation of high hazard materials from the residual radioactive wastes, to simplify radioactive waste management. However, industrial reprocessing of used fuel primarily relies on a 50 year old solvent extraction process (Purex), which was originally developed for much simpler fuels. As a result, modern fuels can prove difficult to reprocess. We will therefore explore two different approaches to nuclear fuel separation in parallel, one based on the established Purex technology and the other on a much more recent development, ion selective membranes (ISMs). ISMs are porous, chemically reactive membranes which can bind metals from solutions then release them again, depending on conditions, thus allowing highly selective separations.In the solvent extraction system, we will focus on a common problem in solvent extraction, third phase formation, and on separation of a group of long lived, high hazard waste isotopes (the fission product technetium and the minor actinides). With the ISMs, we will first prove their utility in uranium/plutonium separation, then extend these studies to the minor actinides. Throughout, we will work with the elements of interest, rather than analogues or low activity models and in realistic radiation environments. In both strands of the project, we will explore the underlying physical and chemical processes then, building on this understanding, we will develop a series of quantitative models, building from phase behaviour to unit operations and finally to process flowsheet models. We wil use the resulting models to explore different options for fuel reprocessing, based on scenarios defined with our industrial partners.

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