Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic

Belgrade, Serbia

Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic

Belgrade, Serbia
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Matic I.Z.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | Juranic Z.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | Savikin K.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Zdunic G.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | And 2 more authors.
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2013

With the aim to evaluate the selectivity in the antitumor action, the cytotoxic activity of chamomile and marigold tea was tested against various malignant cell lines and against healthy immunocompetent peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Chemical profiles of chamomile and marigold infusions and decoctions were analyzed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry; their total phenolic content and radical scavenging activity were determined, too. Results from present research demonstrate that chamomile and marigold tea exert selective dose-dependent cytotoxic action against target cancer cells. It is noteworthy that cytotoxicity of tea prepared from Calendula officinalis is remarkably higher in comparison to that from Matricaria recutita tea. The cytotoxic effect of chamomile tea is very weak to healthy PBMC, while the effect of marigold tea on PBMC is more pronounced. Marigold tea exerts highly selective antitumor effect especially to melanoma Fem-x cells in comparison to the action to normal healthy PBMC. Chemical analyses show that dominant phenolic compounds in examined infusions and decoctions are flavonoid glycosides and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. There are no considerable differences in total phenolic content and antioxidant activity between examined infusions. Antitumor potential of chamomile and marigold tea should be further investigated. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Tadic V.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Arsic I.,University of Niš | Zvezdanovic J.,University of Niš | Zugic A.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2017

Ethnopharmacological relevance Olive or sunflower oil yarrow extracts have been extensively used against inflammatory disorders and skin wound healing in traditional medicine. Aim of the study To evaluate oil yarrow extracts traditional use in treatment of topical/dermatological skin impairments, sodium lauryl sulfate test was applied, and in vivo measuring of the biophysical parameters (erythema index, skin capacitance and the pH of the skin) in the artificially irritated skin was performed. As traditionally olive and sunflower oil have been used equally for extracts production, the experiment was carried out to investigate whether any of the oil extractants has the advantage over the other, and if the method of extraction might influence the desired activity. The observed activity has been connected to the chemical profile of the investigated extracts and their antioxidative properties. Materials and methods In vivo measurements were performed using the appropriate probes for measuring skin capacitance, pH of the skin and erythema index (EI). The designed experiment enabled the evaluation of the anti-inflammatory effects of a seven-day application of oil yarrow extracts known in traditional medicine, on artificially irritated skin of volunteers. The chemical profile for the investigated samples was achieved applying the HPLC and UHPLC-MS methods. Also, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test was performed to assess the antioxidant properties of the investigated samples. Results The application of tested oil extracts on artificially irritated skin in vivo demonstrated the ability to re-establish their optimal pH and hydration of skin to the values measured prior to the irritation. Considering the EI transition, the investigated samples succeeded in re-establishing the baseline values, with no significant difference after three- and seven-day application. Conclusions The data obtained in the study showed that the oil yarrow extracts had an evident anti-inflammatory property. Namely, the investigated extracts demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory effect in an in vivo double blind randomized study, using a sodium lauryl sulfate test. The skin parameters assessed in the study (skin capacitance, pH and EI) were restored to the basal values after three- and seven-day treatment with the tested extracts. The shown effects were attributed to yarrow oil extracts composition. The yarrow oil extracts might be used as promising base in the phytopreparations designed for dermatological application as anti-inflammatory agents with a positive impact on the skin pH and its moisture content. © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Jelenkovic A.,University of Belgrade | Jovanovic M.D.,University of Belgrade | Stevanovic I.,University of Belgrade | Petronijevic N.,University of Belgrade | And 3 more authors.
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2014

Aluminium may have an important role in the aetiology/pathogenesis/ precipitation of Alzheimer's disease. Because green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) reportedly has health-promoting effects in the central nervous system, we evaluated the effects of green tea leaf extract (GTLE) on aluminium chloride (AlCl3) neurotoxicity in rats. All solutions were injected into the cornu ammonis region 1 hippocampal region. We measured the performance of active avoidance (AA) tasks, various enzyme activities and total glutathione content (TGC) in the forebrain cortex (FbC), striatum, basal forebrain (BFb), hippocampus, brain stem and cerebellum. AlCl3 markedly reduced AA performance and activities of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in all regions. It decreased TGC in the FbC, striatum, BFb, hippocampus, brain stem and cerebellum, and increased superoxide dismutase activity in the FbC, cerebellum and BFb. GTLE pretreatment completely reversed the damaging effects of AlCl3 on AA and superoxide dismutase activity, markedly corrected COX and AChE activities, and moderately improved TGC. GTLE alone increased COX and AChE activities in almost all regions. GTLE reduces AlCl3 neurotoxicity probably via antioxidative effects and improves mitochondrial and cholinergic synaptic functions through the actions of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and (-)-epicatechin, compounds most abundantly found in GTLE. Our results suggest that green tea might be beneficial in Alzheimer's disease. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Srdic-Rajic T.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | Tisma-Miletic N.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | Cavic M.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | Kanjer K.,Serbian Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia | And 5 more authors.
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2016

Toxicity of conventional chemotherapeutics highlights the requirement for complementary or alternative medicines that would reduce side effects and improve their anticancer effectiveness. European mistletoe (Viscum album) has long been used as a complementary and alternative medicine supporting cancer therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate synergistic antitumor action of V. album extract and doxorubicin during co-treatment of chemoresistant chronic myelogenic leukemia K562 cells. Combined treatment of leukemia cells led to inhibitory synergism at sub-apoptotic doxorubicin concentrations and multifold reduction of cytotoxic effects in healthy control cells. Prolonged co-treatment was associated with reduced G2/M accumulation and increased expression of early and late apoptotic markers. Our data indicate that V. album extract increases antileukemic effectiveness of doxorubicin against resistant K562 cells by preventing G2/M arrest and inducing apoptosis. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Zivkovic J.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Cebovic T.,University of Novi Sad | Maksimovic Z.,University of Belgrade
Central European Journal of Biology | Year: 2012

The aim of the present study was to examine the antioxidant activity of three Veronica species (Plantaginaceae). The antioxidant potential of various extracts obtained from aerial flowering parts was evaluated by DPPH-free (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl-free) radical scavenging activity and ferric-reducing antioxidant power assays. Considerable antioxidant activity was observed in the plant samples (FRAP values ranged from 0.97 to 4.85 mmol Fe 2+/g, and DPPH IC 50 values from 12.58 to 66.34 μg/ml); however, these levels were lower than the activity of the control compound butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (FRAP: 10.58 mmol Fe 2+/g; DPPH IC 50: 9.57 μg/ml). Also, the in vivo antioxidant effects were evaluated in several hepatic antioxidant systems in rats (activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, peroxidase, catalase, xanthine oxidase, glutathione content and level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) after treatment with different Veronica extracts, or in combination with carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4). Pretreatment with 100 mg/kg b. w. of Veronica extracts inhibited CCl 4-induced liver injury by decreasing TBA-RS level, increasing GSH content, and bringing the activities of CAT and Px to control levels. The present study suggests that the extracts analyzed could protect the liver cells from CCl 4-induced liver damage by their antioxidative effect on hepatocytes. © 2012 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

Ivanovic J.,University of Belgrade | Dimitrijevic-Brankovic S.,University of Belgrade | Misic D.,University of Belgrade | Ristic M.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Zizovic I.,University of Belgrade
Journal of Functional Foods | Year: 2013

For the first time, extracts from clove buds obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction were screened for antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Additionally, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of extracts obtained by the supercritical extraction of the clove bud-oregano leaf mixtures were studied. Supercritical extract of pure clove had the highest eugenol (64%) and total phenolic content (530.56mgGAE/gextract). All extracts had antioxidant activity comparable to synthetic antioxidants against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and formation of peroxides. Presence of 0.6% and 5% of oregano extract in the clove extracts obtained from the clove-oregano plant mixtures improved their antioxidant activity with respect to the extract from pure clove. Clove extract showed moderate antibacterial activities against selected Staphylococcus and Enterococcus bacterial strains. Presence of 50% of the oregano extract improved antibacterial activity of clove extract against all tested strains and resulted in a synergistic antibacterial activity against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus strain (MIC≤1.25μg/mL). Study demonstrated great potential of supercritical clove extract as natural functional ingredient and the possibility of increasing its antioxidant and antibacterial efficiencies in order to apply lower concentrations and to reduce undesirable flavour notes and toxicological effects in final products. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Ivanovic J.,University of Belgrade | Misic D.,University of Belgrade | Zizovic I.,University of Belgrade | Ristic M.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic
Food Control | Year: 2012

Antibacterial activity of thyme, rosemary and sage isolates obtained by supercritical fluid extraction and hydrodistillation was investigated on Geobacillus stearotermophillus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis var. niger, Enterococcus faecium, Salmonella enteritidis and Escherichia coli strains. Bacillus species were the most susceptible to all tested isolates. The thyme isolates showed the strongest antibacterial activity against tested bacteria with MIC values of 40-640 μg/ml, followed by rosemary (MIC = 320-1280 μg/ml) and sage (MIC = 160-2560 μg/ml) isolates. Therefore, the antibacterial activity of the most abundant components found in the thyme isolates, thymol, p-cymene and their mixture was investigated as well. The thyme isolates, especially supercritical extract, showed stronger antibacterial activity against Bacillus strains compared to the single components and their mixture, which indicated synergetic effect of the other components. Results of this study indicated thyme as a valuable source of natural antibacterial agents and supercritical fluid extraction as an efficient isolation method. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Glisic S.B.,University of Belgrade | Ristic M.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Skala D.U.,University of Belgrade
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2011

A wide spectrum of phytochemicals could be isolated from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) using different extraction or distillation technique: the supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), the volatiles compounds (monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes) isolation using hydrodistillation or higher molecular compounds with Soxhlet extraction or ultrasound-assisted extraction. The combination of ultrasound-assisted extraction followed by re-extraction of obtained extract with supercritical CO2 was performed in this study. The goal of performed investigation was to concentrate diterpenes present in sage extract which are generally considered to be responsible for antioxidant activity of extracted compounds. The fractionation using the supercritical CO2, and different combination of the ultrasound-assisted solvent extractions (water-ethanol mixture or only water) followed by supercritical CO2 re-extraction of obtained extract or treated plant material were analyzed and compared. Based on the results of these investigations it could be proposed the best extraction procedure: the ultrasound pretreatment of plant material with distilled water and re-extraction of plant material (residue) using supercritical CO2. That procedure gives two valuable products: the ultrasound extract which is rich in sugars and possess the immunomodulatory activity and supercritical extract which is rich in diterpenes and sesquiterpenes. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Ivanovic J.,University of Belgrade | Zizovic I.,University of Belgrade | Ristic M.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Stamenic M.,University of Belgrade | Skala D.,University of Belgrade
Journal of Supercritical Fluids | Year: 2011

The goal of present work was to investigate and explain kinetics and mass transfer phenomena occurring during the SFE from the mixture of two plants with different initial composition. The extractions from pure clove, oregano and thyme as well as from clove/oregano (C/O) and clove/thyme (C/T) mixtures with various initial compositions of plant material were carried out using supercritical CO2 at 10 MPa and 40 °C. The results indicated that presence of light compounds in supercritical CO2 originated from the oregano leaves or thyme at the beginning of extraction process increases the extraction rate of compounds from clove bud. Only small added amounts of oregano or thyme to clove bud (C/O - 90:10%, w/w; or C/T - 84:16%, w/w) in the starting plant mixture had the same effect resulted in the similar and the highest increase of the extraction rate and had negligible influence on total extraction yield compared to extract isolated from pure clove. Different mathematical models were used for simulation of experimental data which showed that the highest increase of the solubility of extractable compounds in supercritical CO2 as well as the highest mass transfer rate in the solid phase during extractions existed during extraction from C/O (90:10, w/w) and C/T (84:16, w/w) mixtures. Decrease of SC CO2 consumption or shorter time of extraction necessary for achieving desired extract yield in the case of SFE of the clove buds could be important for industrial-scale application. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ivanovic J.,University of Belgrade | Ristic M.,Serbian Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic | Skala D.,University of Belgrade
Journal of Supercritical Fluids | Year: 2011

Kinetics and selectivity of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO 2) extraction of Helichrysum italicum flowers were analyzed at pressures in the range of 10-20 MPa and temperatures of 40 °C and 60 °C (density of SC CO2 from 290 to 841 kg/m3) and also at 10 MPa and 40 °C using flowers with different moisture contents (10.5% and 28.4%). Increased moisture content of H. italicum flowers resulted in enchased solubility of solute enabling decrease of SC CO2 consumption necessary for achieving desired extraction yield. The most abundant compounds in the supercritical extracts are sesquiterpenes and waxes while monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are the main constituents of essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation. The optimal set of working parameters with respect to extraction yield, SC CO2 consumption and chemical composition of extract were defined related to moisture content of raw material and SC CO 2 density. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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