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Seoul, South Korea

Kim S.M.,Engineering Institute | Woo J.S.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital | Jeong C.H.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital | Ryu C.H.,Engineering Institute | And 2 more authors.
Stem Cells Translational Medicine | Year: 2014

Because the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) selectively kills tumor cells, it is one of the most promising candidates for cancer treatment. TRAIL-secreting human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-TRAIL) provide targeted and prolonged delivery of TRAIL in glioma therapy. However, acquired resistance to TRAIL of glioma cells is a major problem to be overcome.Weshowed a potential therapy that used MSC-TRAIL combined with the chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide (TMZ). The antitumor effects of the combination with MSC-TRAIL andTMZonhumanglioma cells were determined by using an in vitro coculture system and an in vivo experimental xenografted mouse model. Intracellular signaling events that are responsible for the TMZ-mediated sensitization to TRAIL-induced apoptosis were also evaluated. Treatment of either TRAIL-sensitive or -resistant human glioma cells with TMZ and MSC-TRAIL resulted in a significant enhancement of apoptosis compared with the administration of each agent alone. We demonstrated that TMZ effectively increased the sensitivity to TRAIL-induced apoptosis via extracellular signal-regulated kinase-mediated upregulation of the death receptor 5 and downregulation of antiapoptotic proteins, such as X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein and cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein. Subsequently, this combined treatment resulted in a substantial increase in caspase activation. Furthermore, in vivo survival experiments and bioluminescence imaging analyses showed that treatment using MSC-TRAIL combined with TMZ had greater therapeutic efficacy than did single-agent treatments. These results suggest that the combination of clinically relevant TMZ and MSC-TRAIL is a potential therapeutic strategy for improving the treatment ofmalignant gliomas. © AlphaMed Press. Source


Kim M.-K.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital | Kim H.-S.,Catholic University of Korea
Hemodialysis International | Year: 2013

Although the buttonhole cannulation method is now widely used as an alternative to the rope-ladder method in most countries, only the latter method is used in Korea. This study was performed to investigate clinical benefit of the buttonhole technique for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannulation in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients. Thirty-two patients receiving HD via mature AVF were included and AVF cannulation was performed by 20 experienced nurses. During the 8 weeks, AVFs were cannulated by the rope-ladder method with 15-gauge sharp needles. After creating of 2 pairs of tunnel tracks by sharp needles for 7 weeks, AVFs were cannulated by the buttonhole method using 15-gauge blunt needles during the 16 weeks. Vascular access blood flow rate (BFR), dialysis venous pressure (DVP), and dialysis adequacy (Kt/V) were measured within the first week of the two cannulation methods. Cannulation pain, hemostasis time, and nurse's stress were evaluated at the end of the two methods. There were no statistical differences in vascular access BFR (P=0.139), DVP (P=0.152), and dialysis adequacy (P=0.343) between the two methods. However, the buttonhole method shortened hemostasis time (P=0.001) and decreased cannulation pain (P=0.001) as well as nurse's stress (P=0.001) compared with the rope-ladder method. In conclusion, the buttonhole cannulation method improves hemostasis time, cannulation pain, and nurse's stress without a change in vascular access BFR and dialysis adequacy in HD patients. Hemodialysis International © 2012 International Society for Hemodialysis. Source


Khoury H.J.,Emory University | Cortes J.E.,University of Houston | Kantarjian H.M.,University of Houston | Gambacorti-Passerini C.,University of Milan Bicocca | And 9 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012

Bosutinib, a dual Src/Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has shown potent activity against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This phase 1/2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of once-daily bosutinib 500 mg in leukemia patients after resistance/intolerance to imatinib. The current analysis included 118 patients with chronic-phase CML who had been pretreated with imatinib followed by dasatinib and/or nilotinib, with a median follow-up of 28.5 months. In this subpopulation, major cytogenetic response was attained by 32% of patients; complete cytogenetic response was attained by 24%, including in one of 3 patients treated with 3 prior TKIs. Complete hematologic response was achieved/maintained in 73% of patients. On-treatment transformation to accelerated/blast phase occurred in 5 patients. At 2 years, Kaplan-Meier- estimated progression-free survival was 73% and estimated overall survival was 83%. Responses were seen across Bcr-Abl mutations, including those associated with dasatinib and nilotinib resistance, except T315I. Bosutinib had an acceptable safety profile; treatment-emergent adverse events were primarily manageable grade 1/2 gastrointestinal events and rash. Grade 3/4 nonhematologic adverse events (> 2% of patients) included diarrhea (8%) and rash (4%). Bosutinib may offer a new treatment option for patients with chronic-phase CML after treatment with multiple TKIs. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00261846. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source


Ha K.-Y.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital | Oh I.-S.,Catholic University of Korea
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2011

Background: Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection caused by the plerocercoid tapeworm larva of the genus Spirometra. Case Description: We report the case of a 67-year-old man with a mass over the anteromedial surface of the proximal extremity of the tibia. We surgically excised a bursa containing Spirometra larvae. Literature Review: Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection. We found no cases of lower extremity sparganosis combined with bursitis reported in the literature. Purposes and Clinical Relevance: Sparganosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of soft tissue tumors, especially among patients who frequently have consumed mountain water or raw snakes or frogs. © 2011 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®. Source


Hwang H.S.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital | Park C.W.,Catholic University of Korea | Joo C.-K.,Seoul St. Marys Hospital
Cornea | Year: 2013

PURPOSE: To present a novel noncontact meibography system with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is widely used in clinics for the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber angle, etc.), and compare the results with preexisting infrared meibography. METHODS: This research was carried out at the Seoul St Mary's Hospital with 2 volunteers. Preexisting infrared meibography was performed on the subjects, and photographs of the meibomian gland were taken again with the anterior segment OCT. With the anterior segment OCT, a tomogram of the meibomian gland could be taken and a picture of the whole meibomian gland could be taken from the infrared images for monitoring. RESULTS: The resolution of the preexisting infrared meibography was a pixel size of 640 × 480. In the anterior segment OCT, the meibomian glands were clearly identified just beneath the palpebral conjunctiva. There was no problem in grading the meibomian gland with the infrared images for monitoring. The resolution was 239 × 178 or 129 × 95 pixels, depending on the save option of the photograph. CONCLUSIONS: This novel meibography using anterior OCT yielded meibomian gland tomograms without any additional equipment, and overall infrared meibography was possible for grading. We believe this new technique will be useful in clinics for meibomian gland dysfunction and the like. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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