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Kim J.J.,Seoul National University | Choi Y.M.,Seoul National University | Lee S.K.,Konyang University | Yang K.M.,Catholic Kwandong University | And 6 more authors.
Gynecological Endocrinology | Year: 2015

Estrogen might play a key role in the maintenance of pregnancy. We investigated the role of the ER-β gene +1730 G/A, +1082 G/A, and CA repeat polymorphisms in Korean patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Genotyping was performed using the TaqMan assay in 305 patients with at least two unexplained consecutive spontaneous miscarriages before 20 weeks of gestation and 299 controls. The genotype distributions of the ER-β gene +1082 G/A and +1730 G/A polymorphisms in the RPL group did not differ from those in the control group. When the analysis was restricted to patients with three or more consecutive spontaneous miscarriages, there were also no differences in the genotype distribution between this subgroup and controls. The number of CA repeats was distributed from 13 to 28 with two large peaks at 18 and 23 in patients with RPL and controls. Using the two major peaks as cut-offs, the allele distributions were compared between patients and controls. However, the distribution of ER-β gene CA repeats did not differ between women with recurrent miscarriage and controls. Findings of the current study suggest that the ER-β gene polymorphisms are not major determinants of the development of RPL in Korean women. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source


Oh S.J.,Michigan State University | Oh S.J.,Seoul National University | Shin J.-H.,Korea University | Kim T.H.,Michigan State University | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Pathology | Year: 2013

Adenomyosis is defined by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium. Despite its frequent occurrence, the precise aetiology and physiopathology of adenomyosis is still unknown. WNT/β-catenin signalling molecules are important and should be tightly regulated for uterine function. To investigate the role of β-catenin signalling in adenomyosis, the expression of β-catenin was examined. Nuclear and cytoplasmic β-catenin expression was significantly higher in epithelial cells of human adenomyosis compared to control endometrium. To determine whether constitutive activation of β-catenin in the murine uterus leads to development of adenomyosis, mice that expressed a dominant stabilized β-catenin in the uterus were used by crossing PR-Cre mice with Ctnnb1f(ex3)/+ mice. Uteri of PRcre/+ Ctnnb1f(ex3)/+ mice displayed an abnormal irregular structure and highly active proliferation in the myometrium, and subsequently developed adenomyosis. Interestingly, the expression of E-cadherin was repressed in epithelial cells of PR cre/+ Ctnnb1f(ex3)/+ mice compared to control mice. Repression of E-cadherin is one of the hallmarks of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The expression of SNAIL and ZEB1 was observed in some epithelial cells of the uterus in PRcre/+ Ctnnb1 f(ex3)/+ mice but not in control mice. Vimentin and COUP-TFII, mesenchymal cell markers, were expressed in some epithelial cells of PR cre/+ Ctnnb1f(ex3)/+ mice. In human adenomyosis, the expression of E-cadherin was decreased in epithelial cells compared to control endometrium, while CD10, an endometrial stromal marker, was expressed in some epithelial cells of human adenomyosis. These results suggest that abnormal activation of β-catenin contributes to adenomyosis development through the induction of EMT. Copyright © 2013 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2013 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Kim J.J.,Seoul National University | Choi Y.M.,Seoul National University | Lee S.K.,Konyang University | Yang K.M.,Catholic Kwandong University | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology | Year: 2014

Problem: Thrombophilia has been postulated to be a contributor to the pathophysiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We investigated the role of the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphisms in Korean patients with RPL. Method of study: Genotyping was performed using the TaqMan assay in 227 RPL patients and 304 controls. Results: The genotype distributions of both polymorphisms in the RPL group did not differ from those of controls. Because the frequency of being homozygous for ACE D/D and the PAI-I 4G/4G combination has been reported to be significantly higher in RPL patients, this was also analyzed. However, no significant difference was noted; 3.1% of RPL patients had both ACE D/D and PAI-I 4G/4G, as did 4.9% of controls (P = 0.791). Conclusion: The current study suggests that both polymorphisms, either alone or in combination, are not major determinants of the development of RPL in Korean women. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source


Chung M.K.,Seoul Rachel Fertility Center | Jeong H.J.,Seoul Rachel Fertility Center | Lee J.H.,Seoul Rachel Fertility Center | Park S.-J.,Elysia Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Cytogenetics | Year: 2013

Background: Chromosomal abnormalities are common in embryos produced in vitro and cause implantation failure, miscarriage, and serious medical problems in infants. Because preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) is increasingly being used to detect aneuploidy in embryos with the purpose of improving implantation rates after IVF (in vitro fertilization), we aimed to validate the usefulness of array CGH for the preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) of embryos at the blastocyst stage of development. Results: A total of 150 blastocysts were biopsied from couples undergoing IVF and analyzed using array CGH. We found that 54.5% (73/134) of the blastocysts were euploid embryos, whereas 45.5% of the embryos (61/134) had chromosomal abnormalities. Multiple chromosome abnormality was most frequently observed (34.4%), and dual aneuploidy was observed in 26.2% of the embryos. Monosomy (21.3%) appeared more frequently than trisomy (18%). Conclusion: Chromosomal microarray analysis provided clinically significant cytogenetic information regarding the frequency and variety of chromosomal abnormalities observed in embryos at the blastocyst stage, suggesting that this is a useful tool for comprehensive aneuploidy screening in IVF. © 2013 Chung et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Kim M.K.,Yonsei University | Chon S.J.,Gachon University | Jung Y.S.,Yonsei University | Kim B.,Yonsei University | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Background Serum ferritin levels increase in postmenopausal women, and they are reported to be linked to major health problems. Here, we investigated the association between serum ferritin levels and insulin resistance (IR) in postmenopausal women. Methods A total of 6632 healthy Korean women (4357 premenopausal and 2275 postmenopausal) who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2007-2010 were enrolled in the study. Serum ferritin values were divided into six groups for the premenopausal and postmenopausal groups. IR and obesity indices were evaluated according to the six serum ferritin groups. Statistical analysis was carried out using SAS software, version 9.2 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). Results The association between the IR indices and ferritin groups had a higher level of statistical significance in the postmenopausal group than in the premenopausal group. In addition, for the postmenopausal group, the estimates increased significantly in the sixth ferritin group compared to those in the first ferritin group. However, the association between the obesity indices and ferritin levels was not significantly different between the premenopausal and postmenopausal groups. Conclusion Elevated serum ferritin levels were associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in postmenopausal women. © 2016 Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

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