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Castelldefels, Spain

Gomez-Clapers J.,Sensors and Interfaces Group
Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference | Year: 2011

This paper describes a novel method to estimate pulse arrival time (PAT) from the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the impedance plethysmogram (TPG) obtained by using a compact and easy-to-use handheld device with only four electrodes. A proof-of-concept has been carried out where PAT values obtained with the proposed device have been compared to PAT values measured between the ECG and the photoplethysmogram (PPG) during three experiments of paced respiration to induce controlled PAT changes. The results show that both methods yield equivalent PAT values in within ± 7 ms (95 % confidence interval), which is less than typical deviations reported for common PAT measurements. Source


Gomez-Clapers J.,Sensors and Interfaces Group
Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference | Year: 2012

This paper describes the circuits and signal processing techniques that convert an electronic bathroom scale intended for bioimpedance analysis (BIA) into a compact system to acquire the electrocardiogram (ECG), the ballistocardiogram (BCG), and the impedance plethysmogram (IPG) using only plantar measurements. The signal processing methods proposed rely on the higher quality of the IPG as compared to the ECG and BCG and they enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of these two signals, which otherwise could be too poor in non-controlled environments. The system is suitable for long-term periodic monitoring of cardiovascular function. Source


Cuadras A.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Gasulla M.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Ferrari V.,University of Brescia
Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical | Year: 2010

Pyroelectric cells based on fabricated screen-printed PZT and commercial PVDF films are proposed as thermal energy harvesting sources in order to supply low-power autonomous sensors. The cells are electrically modelled as a current source in parallel with output impedance. Heating and cooling temperature fluctuations generated by air currents were applied to the pyroelectric converters. The generated currents and charges were respectively in the order of 10-7 A and 10-5 C for temperature fluctuations from 300 K to 360 K in a time period of the order of 100 s, which agrees with the theoretical model. Parallel association of cells increased the generated current. The dependence of the generated current on relevant technological parameters has been also characterized. Finally, current from cyclic temperature fluctuations was rectified and stored in a 1 μF load capacitor. Energies up to 0.5 mJ have been achieved, enough to power typical autonomous sensor nodes during a measurement and transmission cycle. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Gomez-Clapers J.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Casanella R.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Pallas-Areny R.,Sensors and Interfaces Group
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance | Year: 2015

We present a novel method to detect proximal volume changes based on the impedance plethysmogram (IPG) measured from limb to limb with two electrode pairs symmetrically placed at distal areas of the upper or the lower limbs. Since the measurement is sensitive to changes along the whole current path, this method allows us to detect changes in arteries that are more proximal to the torso than the measurement sites. Our results show that the Pulse Arrival Time (PAT) measured from the R peak of the ECG to the hand-to-hand IPG is close to the PAT to the elbow whereas the PAT measured from the R peak of the ECG to the foot-to-foot IPG is close to the PAT to the knee. This opens new avenues for noninvasive cardiovascular measurements based only on electrodes in contact with hands or feet. Source


Gomez-Clapers J.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Casanella R.,Sensors and Interfaces Group | Pallas-Areny R.,Sensors and Interfaces Group
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS | Year: 2012

This paper describes the circuits and signal processing techniques that convert an electronic bathroom scale intended for bioimpedance analysis (BIA) into a compact system to acquire the electrocardiogram (ECG), the ballistocardiogram (BCG), and the impedance plethysmogram (IPG) using only plantar measurements. The signal processing methods proposed rely on the higher quality of the IPG as compared to the ECG and BCG and they enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of these two signals, which otherwise could be too poor in non-controlled environments. The system is suitable for long-term periodic monitoring of cardiovascular function. © 2012 IEEE. Source

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