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Satsumasendai, Japan

Yoshida K.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Kurosaka D.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Joh K.,Sendai Shakai Hoken Hospital | Matsushima S.,Jikei University School of Medicine | And 9 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2010

Objective. To investigate whether fasciitis is histopathologically demonstrable in patients with dermatomyositis (DM), and to analyze the process of inflammatory progression in myopathy accompanying DM. Methods. STIR or fat-suppressed T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and en bloc biopsy were performed in 14 patients with newly diagnosed adult-onset DM. The severity of inflammatory cell infiltration around the fascial and intramuscular small blood vessels was evaluated using the total vascular inflammation score (TVIS). Results. In all patients, MRI revealed abnormal hyperintensity in the fascia and in marginal sites of the muscle, predominantly over central sites. En bloc biopsy revealed the presence of fasciitis in most of the patients, as shown by inflammatory infiltrates around the fascial small blood vessels. In those patients who underwent en bloc biopsy earlier than 2 months after the appearance of muscle symptoms, the TVIS of the fascia was significantly higher than the TVIS of the muscle. In contrast, in those patients who underwent en bloc biopsy ≥2 months after muscle symptom onset, the TVIS of the fascia did not differ significantly from the TVIS of the muscle. Conclusion. Fasciitis was histopathologically demonstrated in patients with newly diagnosed adult-onset DM as early as 2 months after the onset of muscle symptoms. These results indicate that fasciitis is a common lesion of DM and suggest that the fascial microvasculature is the primary site of inflammatory cell infiltration in DM. Fasciitis may contribute to muscle symptoms in patients with DM without myositis. Copyright © 2010 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Yanagisawa N.,Tohoku University | Miyazaki M.,Tohoku University | Sato H.,Tohoku University | Taguma Y.,Sendai Shakai Hoken Hospital | Ito S.,Tohoku University
Japanese Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2014

Background : The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), cerebral vascular disease and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), has been increasingly recognized as a global health problem in Japan. Objective : We surveyed the awareness about CKD among medical professionals and the general public in Miyagi Prefecture. Additionally, we considered ways to lower the prevalence of CKD, CVD and ESKD. Method : We offered an annual educational lecture on CKD for the general population in Miyagi prefecture from 2010 to 2012. At each lecture, we distributed an anonymous survey to the participants about CKD and its complications. Results : The number of survey respondents was 355, and their mean age was 63.9 years. Awareness about CKD among the participants, excluding medical professionals, was 58.0%. Terms such as "serum creatinine" and estimated GFR" were recognized in only about 60% and 40% of the respondents, respectively. Knowledge of risk factors for CKD, such as "elderly person" and "smoker," was at a low level. Furthermore, anemia and osteoporosis were not well-recognized as comorbidities of CKD. Conclusion : We found that the participants at the CKD educational lectures had limited knowledge about CKD and its complications ; therefore, educational intervention regarding CKD, CVD and ESKD should be continued. Public awareness about CKD must be addressed to reduce CVD not only to prevent ESKD. The educational intervention will require a wide range of specialists in CKD care, general physicians, health nurses, and nutritionists, who contribute to community-based health care.

Furuya K.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Kaku Y.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Yoshida K.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Joh K.,Sendai Shakai Hoken Hospital | Kurosaka D.,Jikei University School of Medicine
Modern Rheumatology | Year: 2014

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to confirm the inhibitory effects of sunitinib, an angiogenesis inhibitor that targets tyrosine kinases of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) family and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) family, on arthritis in mice with type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Methods. Sunitinib at a concentration of 30 or 60 mg/kg/day was intraperitoneally administered to mice with CIA. We compared the changes in arthritis score over time, pathological score, bone density, and microvascular density in synovial membrane between the vehicle and treatment groups. Results. In the sunitinib-treated groups, the arthritis score decreased in a dose-dependent manner in comparison with that in the vehicle group. Furthermore, improvement in the pathological score, inhibitory tendency of loss in the bone density, and a decrease in the synovial microvascular density were also observed in the sunitinib-treated groups. Conclusions. Sunitinib remarkably inhibited arthritis, particularly synovial angiogenesis in a murine CIA model. This compound may be useful for treating arthritis. © 2014 Japan College of Rheumatology.

Sugiyama H.,Okayama University of Science | Yokoyama H.,Kanazawa Medical University | Sato H.,Tohoku University | Saito T.,Fukuoka University | And 26 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology | Year: 2013

The Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR) was started in 2007 and the Japan Kidney Disease Registry (J-KDR) was then started in 2009 by the Committee for Standardization of Renal Pathological Diagnosis and the Committee for the Kidney Disease Registry of the Japanese Society of Nephrology. The purpose of this report is to describe and summarize the registered data from 2009 and 2010. For the J-KDR, data were collected from 4,016 cases, including 3,336 (83.1 %) by the J-RBR and 680 (16.9 %) other cases from 59 centers in 2009, and from 4,681 cases including 4,106 J-RBR cases (87.7 %) and 575 other cases (12.3 %) from 94 centers in 2010, including the affiliate hospitals. In the J-RBR, 3,165 native kidneys (94.9 %) and 171 renal grafts (5.1 %) and 3,869 native kidneys (94.2 %) and 237 renal grafts (5.8 %)were registered in 2009 and 2010, respectively. Patients younger than 20 years of age comprised 12.1 % of the registered cases, and those 65 years and over comprised 24.5 % of the cases with native kidneys in 2009 and 2010. The most common clinical diagnosis was chronic nephritic syndrome (55.4 % and 50.0 % in 2009 and 2010, respectively), followed by nephrotic syndrome (22.4 % and 27.0 %); the most frequent pathological diagnosis as classified by the pathogenesis was IgA nephropathy (31.6 % and 30.4 %), followed by primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) (27.2 % and 28.1 %). Among the primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) in the patients with nephrotic syndrome, membranous nephropathy was the most common histopathology in 2009 (40.3 %) and minor glomerular abnormalities (50.0 %) were the most common in 2010 in native kidneys in the J-RBR. Five new secondary and longitudinal research studies by the J-KDR were started in 2009 and one was started in 2010. © Japanese Society of Nephrology 2013.

Ito A.,Tohoku University | Shintaku I.,Tohoku University | Satoh M.,Sen en Rifu Hospital | Ioritani N.,Sendai Shakai Hoken Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2013

Objective: The Pirarubicin Monotherapy Study Group trial was a randomized Phase II study that evaluated the efficacy of intravesical instillation of pirarubicin in the prevention of bladder recurrence after nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. This study conducted further analysis of the Pirarubicin Monotherapy Study Group cohort, focusing on intravesical seeding of cancer cells. Methods: Using the data from the Pirarubicin Monotherapy Study Group trial, bladder recurrence-free survival rates and factors associated with bladder recurrence in the control group were analyzed. Results: Of 36 patients in the control group, 14 with positive urine cytology had more frequent recurrence when compared with the 22 patients with negative cytology (P=0.004). Based on the multivariate analysis in the control group, voided urine cytology was an independent predictive factor of bladder recurrence (hazard ratio, 5.54; 95% confidence interval 1.12-27.5; P=0.036). Of 72 patients in the Pirarubicin Monotherapy Study Group trial, 31 had positive urine cytology. Among the 31 patients, 17 patients who received pirarubicin instillation had fewer recurrences when compared with 14 patients who received control treatment (P=0.0001). On multivariate analysis, pirarubicin instillation was an independent predictor of better recurrence-free survival rates in the patients with positive urine cytology (hazard ratio, 0.02; 95% confidence interval, 0.00-0.53; P=0.018). Of 21 patients with bladder recurrence, 17 had recurrent tumor around cystotomy or in the bladder neck compromised by the urethral catheter, supporting the notion that tumor cells seeded in the injured urothelium. Conclusions: Intravesical instillation of pirarubicin immediately after nephroureterectomy significantly reduced the bladder recurrence rate in patients with positive voided urine cytology. The results suggest that intravesical seeding of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma occurs during nephroureterectomy. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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