Kondo Y.,Sendai Kousei Hospital
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2017
It has been reported that the serum level of vitamin D3 (VitD3) could affect the natural course of chronic hepatitis C (CH-C) and the response to treatment with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin. Although several mechanisms for the favorable effects of VitD3 supplementation were reported, the total effect of VitD3 supplementation remains unclear. Previously, we reported that supplementation with 1(OH)VitD3 could enhance the Th1 response inducing not only a favorable immune response for viral eradication but also HCC control. Recently, the main treatment of CH-C should be direct acting antivirals (DAAs) without Peg-IFN. Peg-IFN is a strong immune-modulator. Therefore, an immunological analysis should be carried out to understand the effect of VitD3 after treatment of DAAs without Peg-IFN. The induction of a favorable immune response by adding VitD3 might be able to suppress the hepatocarcinogenesis after achieving SVR, especially in children and elderly patients with severe fibrosis lacking sufficient amounts of VitD3. © 2017 The Author(s).
Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital |
Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital |
Takahaera M.,Osaka University |
Hirano K.,Saiseikai Yokohama city Eastern Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2014
Objectives: This study sought to estimate the 2-year life expectancy (2YLE) (estimated survival rate >50% at 2 years) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) using the risk score based on predictors of all-cause mortality within 2 years. Background: It has been reported that 2YLE is one of the important factors in the decision making of the revascularization strategy. However, little is known about the probability and the prognostic factors of a 2YLE. Method: This study was performed as a multicenter retrospective analysis. Between March 2004 and December 2011, 995 CLI patients with follow-up period >730 days undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT) were identified and analyzed. Results: Within 2 years, 412 patients (41%) died, and a cardiovascular cause accounted for 47% of deaths. On multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors were age 65 to 79 years (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9), 80 years of age or older (OR: 3.7), body mass index (BMI) 18.0 to 19.9 kg/m2 (OR: 1.5), BMI <18.0 kg/m2 (OR: 2.9), nonambulatory status (OR: 2.4), hemodialysis (OR: 2.1), cerebrovascular disease (OR: 1.6), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 40% to 49% (OR: 1.8), LVEF <40% (OR: 2.6), Rutherford class 5 (OR: 1.9), and Rutherford class 6 (OR: 3.4). The 2-year survival rate in each risk score was calculated based on each OR (full score: 15 points). After that, 2YLE was estimated based on the survival rate in each risk score, the probability of a 2YLE of ≥8 points indicated a <50% probability of 2-year survival. Conclusions: The independent prognostic factors for the 2YLE were age, BMI, nonambulatory status, hemodialysis, cerebrovascular disease, LVEF, and tissue loss. A 2YLE score of ≥8 points indicated a <50% probability of 2-year survival. This score seemed to be helpful for identifying CLI patients with a poor prognosis. © 2014 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital |
Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital |
Hirano K.,Yokohama City Eastern Hospital |
Suzuki K.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2012
Background: Restenosis after endovascular treatment for superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease remains a significant clinical issue. We assessed whether cilostazol reduce restenosis after SFA stenting with self-expandable nitinol stent. Methods: The study was a multicenter, prospective maintained database, retrospective analysis. From April 2004 to December 2009, 861 consecutive patients (mean age 71 years, 71% male) who underwent successful stenting for de novo lesions were retrospectively identified. Of them, 492 received cilostazol (cilostazol(+)) and 369 did not receive cilostazol (cilostazol(-)) after procedure. Propensity-score analyses matched 281 cilostazol(+) with 281 cilostazol (-) group. Primary endpoint was binary restenosis rate. Secondary endpoints were reocclusion, all-cause mortality and limb salvage in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Restenosis was defined as >2.4 of peak systolic velocity ratio by duplex. Results: Mean follow-up period was 25 months. According to analysis of matched pairs, binary restenosis rates were significantly lower (31.2% vs. 42.9% at 5-year, P = 0.02). In-stent re-occlusion rate tended to be lower in patients who received cilostazol (10.8% vs. 18.2% at 5-year, P = 0.09) compared with control. No significant difference of all-cause mortality (21.4% vs. 18.3% at 5-year, P = 0.84) and limb salvage rate in patients with CLI (86.2% vs. 78.5% at 5-year, P = 0.29) was found between both groups. After adjustment for prespecified risk factors, cilostazol was an independent negative predictor of restenosis. In subgroup analysis, male, age <75 years, claudicant patients, TASCII C/D, small vessels and poor runoff vessel was significantly lower in binary restenosis. Conclusions: Cilostazol reduced restenosis after SFA stenting with self-expandable nitinol stent and it seems to be more effective in high-risk patients for restenosis. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Tosaka A.,Kokura Memorial Hospital |
Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital |
Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital |
Ishihara T.,Kansai Rosai Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between angiographic patterns of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after femoropopliteal (FP) stenting and the frequency of refractory ISR. In-stent restenosis after FP stenting is an unsolved problem. The incidence and predictors of refractory restenosis remain unclear. This study was a multicenter, retrospective observational study. From September 2000 to December 2009, 133 restenotic lesions after FP artery stenting were classified by angiographic pattern: class I included focal lesions (≤50 mm in length), class II included diffuse lesions (>50 mm in length), and class III included totally occluded ISR. All patients were treated by balloon angioplasty for at least 60 s. Recurrent ISR or occlusion was defined as ISR or occlusion after target lesion revascularization. Restenosis was defined as >2.4 of the peak systolic velocity ratio by duplex scan or >50% stenosis by angiography. Sixty-four percent of patients were male, 67% had diabetes mellitus, and 24% underwent hemodialysis. Class I pattern was found in 29% of the limbs, class II in 38%, and class III in 33%. Mean follow-up period was 24 ± 17 months. All-cause death occurred in 14 patients; bypass surgery was performed in 11 limbs, and major amputation was performed in 1 limb during the follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the rate of recurrent ISR at 2 years was 84.8% in class III patients compared with 49.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 53.3% in class II patients (p = 0.0003), and the rate of recurrent occlusion at 2 years was 64.6% in class III patients compared with 15.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 18.9% in class II patients (p < 0.0001). Restenotic patterns after FP stenting are important predictors of recurrent ISR and occlusion. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Suenaga H.,Tohoku University |
Yokoyama M.,Tohoku University |
Yamaguchi K.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
Sasaki K.,Tohoku University
Annals of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2012
Objective: Excessive pressure due to wearing mal-adapting dentures is well known to cause residual bone resorption beneath the denture. X-rays have been commonly utilized to evaluate the changes in the bone beneath the denture. However, X-ray images merely detect bone density and relatively large changes in the bone shape and structure, whereas nuclear medicine imaging can detect functional changes, which occur prior to structural changes. This article aimed to describe the time course of the bone metabolism at the residual ridge beneath the denture following denture use by 18F-fluoride positron emission computerized-tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scanning. Methods: Three subjects, who had a free-end edentulous mandible, were treated with a denture replacing the edentulous region of the dental arch. The metabolic changes in the residual bone beneath the denture were assessed by 18F-fluoride PET/CT imaging. 18F-fluoride PET/CT scanning was performed at baseline, and 4-6 and 13 weeks after denture use. A volume of interest (VOI) was placed on their mandibles at the edentulous region beneath the denture on the PET/CT image. CT value and mean standardized uptake value (SUV) of the VOI were calculated. The difference in the time variation between the CT value and SUV was analyzed. Results: The adaptation of the denture base to the residual ridge was successful, and there was no trouble such as pain at the residual ridge beneath the denture. The SUVs of each VOI significantly increased at 4-6 weeks after denture use and then decreased at 13 weeks in all three subjects (P < 0.05; two-way ANOVA, Dunnett test). On the other hand, the CT images showed no obvious changes in the bone shape or structure beneath the dentures, and the CT values of each VOI remained static after denture use in all three subjects. Conclusions: This study indicates that in the present first-time removable partial denture (RPD) users, wearing of a well-adapted RPD initially increased bone metabolism beneath the denture and then decreased it at around 13 weeks after RPD use without any bone structural changes detectable by clinical X-rays. These metabolic changes are a mechanobiological reaction to the pressure induced by RPD use. © 2012 The Author(s).
Watanabe S.,Niigata University |
Minegishi Y.,Infections Disease and Oncology |
Yoshizawa H.,Niigata University |
Maemondo M.,Miyagi Cancer Center |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2014
INTRODUCTION:: In non-small-cell lung cancer, an exon 19 deletion and an L858R point mutation in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are predictors of a response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, it is uncertain whether other uncommon EGFR mutations are associated with sensitivity to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. METHODS:: A post-hoc analysis to assess prognostic factors was performed with the use of patients with EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion, L858R, G719X, and L861Q) who were treated with gefitinib in the NEJ002 study, which compared gefitinib with carboplatin-paclitaxel as the first-line therapy. RESULTS:: In the NEJ002 study, 225 patients with EGFR mutations received gefitinib at any treatment line. The Cox proportional hazards model indicated that performance status, response to chemotherapy, response to gefitinib, and mutation types were significant prognostic factors. Overall survival (OS) was significantly shorter among patients with uncommon EGFR mutations (G719X or L861Q) compared with OS of those with common EGFR mutations (12 versus 28.4 months; p = 0.002). In the gefitinib group (n = 114), patients with uncommon EGFR mutations had a significantly shorter OS (11.9 versus 29.3 months; p < 0.001). By contrast, OS was similar between patients with uncommon mutations and those with common mutations in the carboplatin-paclitaxel group (n = 111; 22.8 versus 28 months; p = 0.358). CONCLUSIONS:: The post-hoc analyses clearly demonstrated shorter survival for gefitinib-treated patients with uncommon EGFR mutations compared with the survival of those with common mutations and suggest that the first-line chemotherapy may be relatively effective for non-small-cell lung cancer with uncommon EGFR mutations. © 2013 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
Chida K.,Tohoku University |
Kaga Y.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
Haga Y.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
Kataoka N.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Roentgenology | Year: 2013
OBJECTIVE. Interventional radiology tends to involve long procedures (i.e., long fluoroscopic times). Therefore, radiation protection for interventional radiology staff is an important issue. This study describes the occupational radiation dose for interventional radiology staff, especially nurses, to clarify the present annual dose level for interventional radiology nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We compared the annual occupational dose (effective dose and dose equivalent) among interventional radiology staff in a hospital where 6606 catheterization procedures are performed annually. The annual occupational doses of 18 physicians, seven nurses, and eight radiologic technologists were recorded using two monitoring badges, one worn over and one under their lead aprons. RESULTS. The annual mean ± SD effective dose (range) to the physicians, nurses, and radiologic technologists using two badges was 3.00 ± 1.50 (0.84-6.17), 1.34 ± 0.55 (0.70- 2.20), and 0.60 ± 0.48 (0.02-1.43) mSv/y, respectively. Similarly, the annual mean ± SD dose equivalent range was 19.84 ± 12.45 (7.0-48.5), 4.73 ± 0.72 (3.9-6.2), and 1.30 ± 1.00 (0.2- 2.7) mSv/y, respectively. The mean ± SD effective dose for the physicians was 1.02 ± 0.74 and 3.00 ± 1.50 mSv/y for the one- and two-badge methods, respectively (p < 0.001). Similarly, the mean ± SD effective dose for the nurses (p = 0.186) and radiologic technologists (p = 0.726) tended to be lower using the one-badge method. CONCLUSION. The annual occupational dose for interventional radiology staff was in the order physicians > nurses > radiologic technologists. The occupational dose determined using one badge under the apron was far lower than the dose obtained with two badges in both physicians and nonphysicians. To evaluate the occupational dose correctly, we recommend use of two monitoring badges to evaluate interventional radiology nurses as well as physicians. © American Roentgen Ray Society.
Maemondo M.,Miyagi Cancer Center |
Inoue A.,Tohoku University |
Kobayashi K.,International University of Japan |
Sugawara S.,Sendai Kousei Hospital |
And 19 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2010
BACKGROUND: Non-small-cell lung cancer with sensitive mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is highly responsive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib, but little is known about how its efficacy and safety profile compares with that of standard chemotherapy. METHODS: We randomly assigned 230 patients with metastatic, non-small-cell lung cancer and EGFR mutations who had not previously received chemotherapy to receive gefitinib or carboplatin-paclitaxel. The primary end point was progression-free survival; secondary end points included overall survival, response rate, and toxic effects. RESULTS: In the planned interim analysis of data for the first 200 patients, progression-free survival was significantly longer in the gefitinib group than in the standard-chemotherapy group (hazard ratio for death or disease progression with gefitinib, 0.36; P<0.001), resulting in early termination of the study. The gefitinib group had a significantly longer median progression-free survival (10.8 months, vs. 5.4 months in the chemotherapy group; hazard ratio, 0.30; 95% confidence interval, 0.22 to 0.41; P<0.001), as well as a higher response rate (73.7% vs. 30.7%, P<0.001). The median overall survival was 30.5 months in the gefitinib group and 23.6 months in the chemotherapy group (P = 0.31). The most common adverse events in the gefitinib group were rash (71.1%) and elevated amino transferase levels (55.3%), and in the chemotherapy group, neutropenia (77.0%), anemia (64.6%), appetite loss (56.6%), and sensory neuropathy (54.9%). One patient receiving gefitinib died from interstitial lung disease. CONCLUSIONS: First-line gefitinib for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who were selected on the basis of EGFR mutations improved progression-free survival, with acceptable toxicity, as compared with standard chemotherapy. (UMIN-CTR number, C000000376.) Copyright © 2010 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Yamaguchi K.,Sendai Kousei Hospital
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010
Palliative therapy using radioactive strontium (89Sr) was performed on 60 patients suffering from cancer. Seventy-one percent of the patients had stopped or reduced their opiates and/or analgesics. Pain relief continued for up to three months. Patients with breast and prostatic cancer showed the best pain reduction. However, pain reduction was limited for lung cancer patients. Repeated usage of 89Sr with/without opiate and analgesics served to maintain the reduced level of pain. Side effects of repeated usage of 89Sr were decrease of hemoglobin, WBC, and platelets. The decreased level was limited within Level 1. The indication of 89Sr therapy is important. DIC cases and renal failure cases will have increased side effect risk. Image diagnosis is also important. A bone scan is a minimum requirement. Poor accumulation of 99mTc-MDP cases are not indication. Rapidly progressive disease cases, radiculopathy cases, and soft tissue invasion cases should not be given 89Sr therapy. At present, the uses of 89Sr are limited to end-stage patients. The use of 89Sr should change from end stage to early stage in combination with chemotherapy.
Hayashi J.,Sendai Kousei Hospital
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2013
A 27-year-old woman with Turner's syndrome who underwent successful endovascular treatment for coarctation of the aorta is presented. She was admitted to our hospital complaining of upper extremity hypertension. Computed tomography revealed discrete stenosis of the proximal descending aorta and developed collateral circulation. After endovascular repair with a balloon expandable stent, her transcoarctation gradient fell from 44 mmHg preoperatively to less than 10 mmHg. She was discharged with no complications on the 7th postoperative day. Coarctation of the aorta in an adult patient could be safely and effectively managed by endovascular treatment.