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A method for fabricating vertical light emitting diode (VLED) dice includes the steps of: forming a light emitting diode (LED) die having a multiple quantum well (MQW) layer configured to emit electromagnetic radiation in a first spectral region; forming a confinement layer on the multiple quantum well (MQW) layer; forming an adhesive layer on the confinement layer; and forming a wavelength conversion layer on the adhesive layer configured to convert the electromagnetic radiation in the first spectral region to output electromagnetic radiation in a second spectral region.


A method for fabricating a vertical light-emitting diode (VLED) structure includes the steps of providing a carrier substrate, and forming a semiconductor structure on the carrier substrate having a p-type confinement layer, a multiple quantum well (MQW) layer in electrical contact with the p-type confinement layer configured to emit electromagnetic radiation, and an n-type confinement layer in electrical contact with the multiple quantum well (MQW) layer. The method also includes the steps of removing the carrier substrate using a laser pulse to expose an inverted surface of the n-type confinement layer, and forming a metal contact on the surface of the n-type confinement layer.


A method for fabricating a light emitting diode die includes the steps of providing a carrier substrate and forming an epitaxial structure on the carrier substrate including a first type semiconductor layer, a multiple quantum well (MQW) layer on the first type semiconductor layer configured to emit light, and a second type semiconductor layer on the multiple quantum well (MQW) layer. The method also includes the steps of forming a plurality of trenches through the epitaxial structure, forming a reflector layer on the second type semiconductor layer, forming a seed layer on the reflector layer and in the trenches, and forming a substrate on the seed layer having an area configured to protect the epitaxial structure.


A high-brightness vertical light emitting diode (LED) device includes an outwardly located metal electrode having a low illumination side and a high illumination side. The LED device is formed by: forming the metal electrode on an edge of a surface of a LED epitaxy structure using a deposition method, such as physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), evaporation, electro-plating, or any combination thereof; and then performing a packaging process. The composition of the LED may be a nitride, a phosphide or an arsenide. The LED has the following advantages: improving current spreading performance, reducing light-absorption of the metal electrode, increasing brightness, increasing efficiency, and thereby improving energy efficiency. The metal electrode is located on the edge of the device and on the light emitting side. The metal electrode has two side walls, among which one side wall can receive more emission light from the device in comparison with the other one.


A method for fabricating a vertical light emitting diode (VLED) die includes the steps of: providing a substrate; forming an epitaxial structure on the substrate; forming an electrically insulative insulation layer covering the lateral surfaces of the epitaxial structure; forming an electrically non-conductive material on the electrically insulative insulation layer; and forming a mirror on the p-doped layer, with the electrically insulative insulation layer configured to protect the epitaxial structure during formation of the mirror.

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