Time filter

Source Type

Nishinomiya, Japan

Kuragano T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kida A.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Furuta M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Yahiro M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 5 more authors.
Artificial Organs

Previously, dialysate contained small amounts of acetate as an alkaline buffer. Recently, acetate-free dialysate (A[-]D) has been available. We evaluated the clinical effect of A(-)D over acetate-containing dialysate (A(+)D) on acid-base balance, anemia, and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Twenty-nine patients on MHD were treated with A(+)D for 4 months (first A(+)D), switched to A(-)D for 4 months, and returned to A(+)D for the next 4-month period (second A(+)D). Metabolic acidosis: Serum bicarbonate (HCO3 -) levels did not change in patients with normal HCO3 - levels (≥20mEq/L) throughout the study. Meanwhile, in patients with initially low HCO3 - levels, it was significantly increased during the A(-)D period only. Anemia: In patients with target hemoglobin (Hb) ≥10g/dL, Hb levels were maintained during the study period, even if the dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) decreased. In patients with low Hb levels, it was significantly increased in the A(-)D period without increasing ESA or iron doses. Nutritional Condition: In patients with normal albumin levels (≥3.8g/dL), albumin did not change throughout the study period. However, in patients with lower albumin levels, it was significantly increased during the A(-)D period. These improvements in metabolic acidosis, anemia, and nutrition in the A(-)D period completely dissipated during the second A(+)D period. Hemodialysis (HD) with A(-)D may improve a patient's clinical status with intractable metabolic acidosis, hyporesponsiveness to ESA, and malnutrition that were not normalized in HD with A(+)D. © 2011, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs © 2011, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Furuta M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kuragano T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kida A.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kitamura R.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 5 more authors.
ASAIO Journal

Many maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients have recently been treated with high flux (HF) dialysis membranes such as polysulfone (PSu) membranes. However, the appropriateness of HF for elderly MHD remains to be elucidated. In order to estimate hemodialysis (HD) efficiency, the hemodynamic condition during HD, and the nutritional status, 28 elderly MHD patients were treated with PSu for 3 months. After this, the patients were switched to acrylonitrile-co- methallyl sulfonate (AN69) membranes for the next 3 months and then returned to PSu for another 3 months. Reduction ratio of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6) by AN69 was significantly higher than the reduction ratio by PSu. After 3 months with AN69, the serum total protein, albumin, and cholesterol levels significantly increased, and after switching back to PSu, the levels returned to baseline. Furthermore, the frequency of saline used to treat episodes of hypotension during HD significantly decreased in the AN69 period. In elderly MHD patients, it was possible to achieve improvements in both malnutrition and chronic inflammatory conditions with AN69. This suggests that AN69 may be the preferred membrane for elderly MHD, because it stabilizes the hemodynamic condition and demonstrates a higher removal of inflammatory cytokines during HD. Copyright © American Society of Artificial Internal Organs. Source

Kuragano T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Furuta M.,Seishoukai Aoi Hospital | Shimonaka Y.,Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. | Kida A.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Artificial Organs

Purpose: Hepcidin has been suspected to be associated with anemia of chronic disease, which is commonly observed in patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). As almost of hepcidin is bounded to protein, it is essential to clarify which kind of dialysis membrane can remove it efficiently. Methods: Ex vivo study: 50 mL of whole blood from healthy volunteers were circulated for 2 h in a microcircuit with mini-dialyzers (acrylonitrile-co-methallyl sulfonate (AN69) or polysulfone (PS)) without ultrafiltration. We measured hepcidin-25 levels at 0, 60, and 120 min in the blood samples. In vivo study: Blood samples were taken from 28 MHD patients at the start and end of HD sessions with PS or AN69. We measured serum levels of hepcidin 20, 22, and 25 by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and also measured serum levels of urea nitrogen (UN), β2microglobulin (MG). Results: Ex vivo study: Although serum hepcidin 25 levels increased after the ex vivo session with PS, they significantly decreased with AN69. In vivo study: The reduction ratio of β2MG by PS was significantly higher than that of AN69. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in the reduction ratio of hepcidin 20, 22, and 25 between PS and AN69. Conclusions: Both super-flux PS and AN69 similarly removed hepcidin 20 22, and 25. HD with PS might achieve a high removal ratio of hepcidin by enhanced diffusion performance and an increased clearance of small molecule solutes. On the other hand, AN69 might remove hepcidin by adsorption. © 2013 Wichtig Editore. Source

Kuragano T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Furuta M.,Seishoukai Aoi Hospital | Yahiro M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Kida A.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 4 more authors.
BMC Nephrology

Background: Recently, acetate-free citrate containing dialysate (A(-)D) was developed. We have already reported about the significant effect of A(-)D on metabolic acidosis, anemia, and malnutrition in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. In this study, we compared the effect of A(-)D and acetate containing dialysate (A(+)D) on serum calcium and intact-parathyroid hormone (int-PTH) levels. Method. Single session study: Seventeen patients were treated with A(+)D in one session and also treated with A(-)D in another session. Serum levels of pH, HCO3 -, total (t)-calcium, ionized (i)-calcium, and int-PTH were evaluated at the beginning and the end of each session. Cross over study: A total of 29 patients with MHD were treated with A(+)D for 4 months, switched to A(-)D for next 4 months, and returned to A(+)D for the final 4 months. Results: In single session study, serum i-calcium and t-calcium levels significantly increased, and int-PTH levels decreased after HD with A(+)D, whereas HD with A(-)D did not affect iCa and int-PTH. In cross over study, if all patients were analyzed, there was no significant difference in serum int-PTH or bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) levels during each study period. In contrast, in the patients with low int-PTH (<60 pg/mL), serum levels of int-PTH and BAP were significantly increased during the A(-)D, without significant changes in serum t-calcium or i-calcium levels. Conclusion: A(-)D containing citrate could affect calcium and PTH levels, and, in 4 month period of crossover study, increased int-PTH levels pararelled with increasing BAP levels, exclusively in MHD patients with low int-PTH levels. © 2013 Kuragano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations