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Medicine, Japan

Uemura T.,Osaka City University | Yagi H.,Seikeikai Hospital | Okada M.,Osaka City University | Yokoi T.,Osaka City University | And 2 more authors.
Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi | Year: 2015

Acute leukemia in children presents with various clinical manifestations that mimic orthopaedic conditions. The association of septic arthritis of the elbow with acute leukemia is very rare, and the correct diagnosis of acute leukemia is often established only after treatment of the septic arthritis. In this article, we present a three-year-old child patient with elbow septic arthritis related to acute leukemia, diagnosed promptly by bone marrow aspiration on the same day as emergency surgical debridement of the septic elbow joint due to the maintenance of a high index of suspicion, and treated with chemotherapy as soon as possible. The emergency physician and orthopaedist must recognize unusual patterns of presentation like this. Since delay in initiating treatment of septic arthritis may result in growth disturbance, elbow septic arthritis associated with pediatric acute leukemia must be treated promptly and appropriately. Early diagnosis is a good prognostic feature of childhood acute leukemia. Source

Yano K.,Seikeikai Hospital | Kazuki K.,Osaka City General Hospital | Ikeda M.,Osaka City University | Yoneda M.,Osaka Ekisaikai Hospital
Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa | Year: 2014

Mycobacterium intracellulare causes infection in humans. Involvement of joint and bone, however, is extremely rare. We present the case of an immunocompetent 67-year-old female with chronic swelling of the wrist joint diagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis by her previous physician. Examination revealed an unclosed fistula associated with a puncture, and bone and joint destruction on radiographs. She was diagnosed with osteomyelitis and arthritis due to M. intracellulare on histological and microbiological examinations. She was successfully treated with radical surgical debridement and anti-tuberculous drugs for 1 year and there was no recurrence at 3 years postoperatively. Source

Fukui M.,Osaka Medical College | Shimakawa S.,Osaka Medical College | Tanabe T.,Tanabe Kadobayashi Childrens Clinic | Nomura S.,Osaka Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Brain and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Partial seizures often develop during the clinical course of infantile spasms. Herein, we report a boy with cryptogenic West syndrome, who developed partial seizures that we suspected were induced by the ACTH therapy. Subject: The patient developed cryptogenic West syndrome at six months of age and ACTH therapy was started. On the tenth day of treatment, he developed frequent partial seizures, characterized by being motionless during the seizure with eye deviation to the right. The partial seizures stopped after the ACTH was discontinued, although oral carbamazepine was commenced at the same time. Thus, a definitive role for carbamazepine in the treatment of the partial seizures was unclear as the timing of the seizure cessation also corresponded to the discontinuation of the ACTH therapy. We suspected that the partial seizures were induced by the ACTH therapy for the following reasons: (1) seizures appeared only during ACTH therapy, (2) no new epileptic focus was revealed by EEG, MRI, or 99mTcECD SPECT, and (3) the seizures were different from the epileptic spasms. Conclusion: Our results suggest that ACTH might induce partial seizures in West syndrome. Further studies are required to confirm this phenomenon. © 2013 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Source

Nakajima H.,Osaka Medical College | Takayama A.,Seikeikai Hospital | Ito T.,Seikeikai Hospital | Yoshikawa T.,Aichi University
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

To describe the case of a patient who had been receiving abatacept, a T-cell costimulatory molecule blocker for rheumatoid arthritis, and developed an acute encephalomyelitis associated with reactivation of the varicella zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). A 61-year-old woman receiving abatacept therapy for rheumatoid arthritis developed a disturbance of consciousness. MRI indicated multifocal parenchymal lesions in the brainstem, supratentorial areas and cervical spinal cord. Although steroid therapy significantly improved the neurological symptoms and MRI findings, the patient died of sepsis aggravated by coinfection with a fungal infection. Retrospectively, a PCR assay revealed continued systemic reactivation of VZV, EBV and CMV. Acute encephalomyelitis may be associated with VZV EBV and CMV reactivation during abatacept therapy. Clinicians must be aware of the possibility of acute encephalomyelitis associated with herpes virus reactivation during abatacept therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Nakajima H.,Seikeikai Hospital | Nakajima H.,Osaka Medical College | Fujiki Y.,Seikeikai Hospital | Ito T.,Seikeikai Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Case Reports in Neurology | Year: 2011

The distribution of neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-characteristic brain lesions corresponds to sites of high aquaporin-4 (AQP4) expression, and the brainstem and hypothalamus lesions that express high levels of AQP4 protein are relatively characteristic of NMO. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is one of the important causes of hyponatremia and results from an abnormal production or sustained secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). SIADH has been associated with many clinical states or syndromes, and the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal system regulates the feedback control system for ADH secretion. We report the case of a 63-year-old man with NMO, whose initial manifestation was hyponatremia caused by SIADH. Retrospective analysis revealed that the serum anti-AQP4 antibody was positive, and an MRI scan showed a unilateral lesion in the hypothalamus. SIADH recovered completely with regression of the hypothalamic lesion. As such, NMO should even be considered in patients who develop SIADH and have no optic nerve or spinal cord lesions but have MRI-documented hypothalamic lesions. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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