Seema Dental College and Hospital

Rishīkesh, India

Seema Dental College and Hospital

Rishīkesh, India
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Gupta D.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center | Bhaskar D.J.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center | Gupta R.K.,Government Post Graduate College | Karim B.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Phytotherapy Research | Year: 2014

A double blind, randomized, controlled study with three parallel treatment groups was done to evaluate the efficacy of a Terminalia chebula 10% mouth rinse compared with chlorhexidine 0.12% mouth rinse, applied two times daily for 2 weeks, in the treatment of dental plaque and gingivitis. Seventy-eight patients were included in the study. The efficacy variables were periodontal indices on days 0, 7 and 14 after commencement of therapy. Twenty six patients received chlorhexidine mouth rinse, twenty six Terminalia chebula mouth rinse and twenty six received saline solution. The clinical parameters were significantly reduced by both chlorhexidine and Terminalia chebula mouth rinse although no significant difference was seen between the two groups (P>0.05). This study demonstrated that Terminalia chebula mouth rinse is effective in reducing microbial plaque, gingival inflammation and neutralizing salivary pH. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Chhabra V.,BRS Dental College and Hospital | Gill A.S.,Surendra Dental College and Research Institute | Sikri P.,Seema Dental College and Hospital | Bhaskar N.,Panjab University
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2011

Background: Absorbable synthetic biopolymers have been used as bone filler in Periodontology, proving effective stimulants to bone regeneration. Aim: Copolymerized polylactic and polyglycolic acid is used as a bone filler and polyglactin 910 as a guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane to achieve regeneration in periodontal infrabony defects. Materials and Methods: Forty patients with two- or three-walled infrabony defects were selected and randomly divided into two groups. Group A included patients treated with polylactic-polyglycolic acids 50:50 (Fisiograft® ,Ghimsa SPA,Via Fucini, Italy) alone and Group B included patients treated with polylactic-polyglycolic acids (PLA-PGA)50:50 in conjunction with polyglactin acid 910 (Vicryl Mesh® Johnson&Johnson , U.S.A ). Evaluation of clinical parameters probing depth and attachment level and radiographs was done preoperatively and 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively. Results: Both the groups showed statistically significant mean reduction in probing depth and gain in clinical attachment level and linear bone fill. Conclusions: Within the limit of this study, both the treatment modalities are beneficial for the treatment of infrabony defects.

Shaikh S.,ACPM Dental College | Ravenndranath R.,Government Dental College | Banerjee M.,Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology | Jahgirdar P.,Seema Dental College and Hospital
Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal | Year: 2012

Objectives: Orofacial clefts are major human birth defects with complex etiology. Previous studies have proposed Transforming growth factor - beta 3 (TGF-β3) gene as a key player in contributing to non-syndromic cleft lip and palate, however none of the studies have yet included Indian population. Hence this study was designed to detect TGF-β3 gene polymorphism in nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate patients from Indian population which is genetically distinct from previously studied populations. Study Design: Peripheral blood samples of forty non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients and forty unaffected individuals were collected for a case - control study design. Ethical clearance from the institutional review board and informed consent from all subjects was obtained. DNA extracted from the cases and controls was amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with TGF-β3 specific primers. The obtained fragments were sequenced and TGF-β3 gene polymorphisms were assessed based on the number of CA repeats. Results: Chi -square test was used to compare the case and control groups. Results showed a significant difference in the number of CA repeats between the case and the control groups (p=0.01). Conclusion: This study confirms the crucial role of TGF-β3 in the fusion of palatal shelves during development and further, provides novel evidence of TGF-β3 gene polymorphism in the etiology of nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate in Indian subpopulation. © Medicina Oral S. L.

Juyal D.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Thawani V.,Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical science and Research Institute | Thaledi S.,Seema Dental College and Hospital
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2015

Background: Publishing research papers for academic fraternity has become important for career advancement and promotion. Number of publications in peer reviewed journals and subsequent citations are recognized as measures of scientifi c success. Non-publishing academicians and researchers are invisible to the scientifi c community. Discussion: With pressure to publish, misconduct has crept into scientifi c writing with the result that research misconduct, plagiarism, misappropriation of intellectual property, and substantial unattributed textual copying of another’s publication have become common. The Offi ce of Research Integrity, USA, defi nes research misconduct as “fabrication, falsifi cation or plagiarism in proposing, performing or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.” Although plagiarism is diffi cult to defi ne in few words, it can be viewed as the stealing of another person’s ideas, methods, results, or words without giving proper attribution. The Offi ce of Research Integrity defi nes plagiarism as being “theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another’s work.” Plagiarism is one of the most vehemently derided breaches of research integrity as it undermines the original and honest contribution to an existing body of knowledge. Conclusion: Plagiarism has many forms viz. blatant plagiarism, technical plagiarism, patchwork plagiarism, and self-plagiarism. In any form, the plagiarism is a threat to the research integrity and is unacceptable. We do need to detect such acts and effectively prosecute the offenders. © 2015, North American Journal of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Seema Dental College and Hospital and Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Restorative dentistry & endodontics | Year: 2016

Variation in the root and canal morphology of the maxillary first molars is quite common. The most common configuration is 3 roots and 3 or 4 canals. Nonetheless, other possibilities still exist. The presence of an additional palatal root is rather uncommon and has been reported to have an incidence of 0.06 - 1.6% in varying populations studied. Whenever two palatal roots exist, one of them is the normal palatal root, the other is a supernumerary structure which can be located either mesiolingually (radix mesiolingualis) or distolingually (radix distolingualis). This case report describes successful endodontic treatment of a maxillary first molar with radix mesiolingualis and radix distolingualis. Identification of this variation was done through clinical examination along with the aid of multiangled radiographs, and an accurate assessment of this morphology was made with the help of a cone-beam computed tomography imaging. In addition to the literature review, this article also discusses the epidemiology, classifications, morphometric features, guidelines for diagnosis, and endodontic management of a maxillary first molar with extra-palatal root.

Doni B.R.,Seema Dental College and Hospital | Peerapur B.V.,Hospital and Research Center | Thotappa L.H.,Hospital and Research Center
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2011

Mucormycosis, caused by saprophytic fungi of the order Mucorales of the class Zygomycetes, is a rare opportunistic fungal infection, which has a rapidly progressive and fulminant course with fatal outcome. These fungi are ubiquitous, found in soil, bread molds, decaying fruits and vegetables. The most common form of mucormycosis is rhinocerebral and is usually seen in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or in immunocompromised patients. This fungus invades the arteries, leading to thrombosis that subsequently causes necrosis of hard and soft tissues. We report a case of palatal perforation by rhino-maxillary mucormycosis in an immunocompromised patient. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the clinical presentation and pathogenesis of mucormycosis and to emphasize the need for high degree of suspicion in its diagnosis and management.

PubMed | Seema Dental College and Hospital, SGT University and All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The journal of contemporary dental practice | Year: 2016

Combination of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and bone substitutes for the surgical treatment of periodontal intrabony defects is based on a sound biologic rationale; however, the clinical results indicative of the synergistic effect of PRP remain ambiguous. The objective of the present study was to clinically and radiographically evaluate the use of calcium phosphosilicate (CPS) putty alone and in combination with PRP in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects.The study was performed at an outpatient facility at a teaching dental institute in north India. A split-mouth design was employed to assess the clinical parameters and radiographic bone fill following the use of CPS putty with and without PRP in patients scheduled for surgical periodontal treatment of intrabony osseous defects. Each defect was randomized to receive treatment with open flap debridement, with CPS putty alone (Group PUT), or open flap debridement with CPS putty and PRP (Group PRp). Probing pocket depth (PPD), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and clinical attachment levels (CALs) were recorded at the investigated sites utilizing custom-made reference guides for measurement reproducibility. Standardized periapical radiographs were also obtained to evaluate defect fill at the surgical sites.Twenty patients each with at least two defects located in different quadrants were enrolled. The reduction in PPD from baseline to 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 9th month was found to be significant (p < 0.05). The percent reduction in PPD among PUT group was 57.18 10.71% and among PRP group was 51.39 12.60%. No statistically significant difference was observed in the percent reduction in PPD among two groups at 9 months (p = 0.48). Sites in both groups exhibited statistically significant reductions in PI and GI that were maintained throughout the study period. Similar results were seen while measuring CAL.Calcium phosphosilicate Putty alone provides significant improvement in outcomes for the treatment of periodontal intraosseous defects. The addition of PRP to CPS putty does not seem to provide any additive benefit to treatment and the additional surgical time and trauma can be avoided.

Mrinalini M.,Sri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical science and Research | Chetan C.,Seema Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology | Year: 2015

True generalized macrodontia in young children is an extremely rare occurrence reported in patients afflicted by a very uncommon disorder called Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. This syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by insulin resistance. A case with all the classical features of this syndrome i.e. insulin-resistant diabetes, acanthosis nigricans, hypertrichosis, deficiency of subcutaneous fat, growth retardation, coarse senile facies, large ears, macroglossia, furrowed tongue and dental prematurity along with marked generalized macrodontia of grotesque proportions in a 10-year-old girl is reported here, and the literature available is briefly reviewed. © 2014 Asian AOMS, ASOMP, JSOP, JSOMS, JSOM, and JAMI.

Jahagirdar P.B.,Seema Dental College and Hospital
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2011

Tuberous sclerosis or tuberous sclerosis complex is a dominantly inherited neurocutaneous disorder that variably affects the brain, skin, kidneys, heart, and other organs. Diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis becomes difficult in the young individuals with subtle changes. At this point, a careful inquiry and examination of the accessible signs and symptoms can errand a possible diagnosis. We hereby report such a rare case of tuberous sclerosis in 14-year-old boy, which was diagnosed in a novel approach.

PubMed | Seema Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2016

Canine distraction was introduced as an alternative treatment to retract the canines in minimum possible period of 3weeks. It involved rapid canine retraction through distraction of the periodontal ligament. Another technique for rapid canine distalization involved osteotomies surrounding the canines to achieve rapid movement of the canines in the dentoalveolar segment known as dentoalveolar distraction. The present study is intended to assess and evaluate canine retraction by the above two mentioned methods of distraction osteogenesis.Eight orthodontic patients who required first premolar extractions were selected and 16 canines were distracted into the extraction space, using a distraction screw.The distraction procedure was completed in 15.381.51days on the side of periodontal ligament distraction while it took 14.502.45days on the side of dentoalveolar distraction. No significant anchorage loss was seen in both the sides. The distal displacement of the canines was 6.630.90mm on the periodontal distraction side at the rate of 0.430.05mm/day and 6.911.16mm on the side of dentoalveolar distraction at the rate of 0.480.08mm/day. An angulation change of 14.947.58 was observed in canine inclination in periodontal distraction side while change of 14.883.15 was seen in the dentoalveolar distraction side.No significant differences in the various parameters were found between both the techniques of canine retraction by distraction osteogenesis, while reducing orthodontic treatment duration by 6-9months without any unfavorable short-term effects on the periodontium.

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