Lukaszczyk A.,European Space Policy Institute |
Williamson R.,Secure World Foundation SWF
Advances in Space Research | Year: 2010
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a unique role in international affairs, providing access to resources, expertise, and assistance to supplement State resources. Sometimes the diplomatic skills and unofficial access of NGOs to policymakers through Track Two diplomacy can move a previously stalled critical issue forward and assist policymakers from different countries to find common ground outside official channels. Because they work outside of official channels, they are not bound by State policy that may inhibit negotiations between States. Some also have a convening power that sometimes makes it possible for State representatives to meet discipline experts and each other for informal discussions on issues of mutual interest. Finally, NGOs can draw attention to issues that may be overlooked or avoided by State organizations. This paper examines the ways in which NGOs can assist in building scientific, technical, educational, and legal and policy expertise related to space and Earth science, technology and governance of space activities. In particular, it will explore and analyze the ways in which organizations such as the Space Generation Advisory Council, EURISY, the Planetary Society and Secure World Foundation contribute to building capacity in developing countries. © 2009 COSPAR.
Lukaszczyk A.,Secure World Foundation SWF
62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011, IAC 2011 | Year: 2011
In the past decade, the number of space faring states increased from 27 to 39 and there are more on the horizon that aspire to become players in the space arena. Space activities are no longer exclusive to the big players (USA, Russia, China), as it has become apparent that space technology can benefit humanity in various areas such as health care, education, disaster management, food security, water management, and navigation - just to name a few. All regions of the world, including Africa, use space application to positively impact the lives of their citizens; however, to avoid ad hoc activities and assure responsibleuses of outer space, proper policies and regulations need to be put into place. This paper outlines the current situation in the space sector by examining the present actors - States and the private sector, and their relationship to one another. It will also look at the current international regime including the space treaties, various national space policies, and strategies. Most important, this paper will demonstrate that, to assure the long term sustainability of outer space and most benefits of space technologies to humanity, States must work towards the development of national space policies.