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de Santibanes M.,Sector de Cirugia Hepato Bilio Pancreatica y Trasplante Hepatico | Cristiano A.,Sector de Cirugia Hepato Bilio Pancreatica y Trasplante Hepatico | Mazza O.,Sector de Cirugia Hepato Bilio Pancreatica y Trasplante Hepatico | Grossenbacher L.,Sector de Endocrinologia | And 5 more authors.
Cirugia Espanola | Year: 2014

Background: The endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglicemia syndrome (EHHS) can be caused by an insulinoma, or less frequently, by nesidioblastosis in the pediatric population, also known as non insulinoma pancreatic hypoglycemic syndrome (NIPHS) in adults. The aim of this paper is to show the strategy for the surgical treatment of ehhs. Material and methods: A total of 19 patients with a final diagnosis of insulinoma or NIPHS who were treated surgically from january 2007 until june 2012 were included. We describe the clinical presentation and preoperative work-up. Emphasis is placed on the surgical technique, complications and long-term follow-up. Results: All patients had a positive fasting plasma glucose test. Preoperative localization of the lesions was possible in 89.4% of cases. The most frequent surgery was distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation (9 cases). Three patients with insulinoma presented with synchronous metastases, which were treated with simultaneous surgery. There was no perioperative mortality and morbidity was 52.6%. Histological analysis revealed that 13 patients (68.4%) had benign insulinoma, 3 malignant insulinoma with liver metastases and 3 with a final diagnosis of SHPNI. Median follow-up was 20 months. All patients diagnosed with benign insulinoma or NIPHS had symptom resolution. Conclusion: The surgical treatment of EHHS achieves excellent long-term results in the control of hypoglucemic symptoms. © 2012 AEC. Source

De Pedro S.,Sector de Endocrinologia | Benozzi S.,National University of Costa Rica | Becerra H.,Sector de Endocrinologia | Bonacorsi S.M.,Sector de Endocrinologia | And 5 more authors.
Revista Argentina de Endocrinologia y Metabolismo | Year: 2012

Introduction: there are significant discrepancies in epidemiological data about cardiovascular risk in subclinical hypothyroidism (SH). Objective: to study the association between clinical and biochemical indicators of cardiovascular risk factors with the presence of HS. Material and Methods: case-control study with observational endpoint, epidemiological, non-interventional. SH was defined as patients presenting with a serum thyrotropin-stimulating hormone (TSH) value greater than 4 uIU / mL with free thyroxine (FT4) levels in the reference range. Age, gender, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and blood pressure were recorded. Blood count, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), glucose, insulin, TSH, FT4 were measured. Results: we studied 78 patients [48 controls (C) and 30 with SH]. The age of C was 38 ± 12 years and 38 ± 13 years for SH, BMI was 30 ± 6 kg/m2 for C and 30 ± 7 kg/m2 for SH, WC was 103 ± 16 cm for C and 102 ± 17 cm for SH. There were no statistically significant differences in BP (p = 0.426), HOMA: C 1.76, SH 1.27 (p = 0.211) and lipid levels. Statistically significant differences were observed in leukocytes (p = 0.009) and platelets (p = 0.044). Conclusions: Patients with SH have leukocyte and platelet counts higher than controls. Patients with SH were found to have higher levels of TC, LDL-C, non-HDL C and TG, although there were not statistically significant differences. Copyright © 2012 por la Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo. Source

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