Panchkula, India
Panchkula, India

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Gupta B.M.,Sector | Ahmed K.K.M.,SciBiolMed.Org | Gupta R.,Sri Vankateshwar University | Tiwari R.,Birla Institute of Technology
Scientometrics | Year: 2014

An analysis of 3,089 papers on global camel research during 2003-2012, as indexed in Scopus international multidisciplinary database indicate an average annual growth rate of 11.20 % and registered an average citation per paper of 2.24. The publication output was scattered in 257 journal titles and originated in 104 countries, of which the top 15 countries contributed 87.44 % share to global publication output during 2003-2012. The highest publication output came from USA, followed by India, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Egypt, United Arab Republic, United Kingdom, France, China, Germany, Sudan, Belgium, Australia, Canada and Kenya. The publication share has increased in case of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, China, France, Sudan, India, Australia and Canada, as against decrease in UK, USA, Kenya, Belgium, Germany and UAE from 2003-2007 to 2008-2012. Eight out of 15 most productive countries have achieved high relative citation index (1 and above): Belgium (3.61), Australia (2.69), UK (2.38), Canada (2.33), France (2.07), USA (1.87), Germany (1.65), UAE (1.11) and Kenya (1.09) during 2003-2012. Agricultural and biological sciences (43.35 % share) contributed the largest share, followed by veterinary science (29.75 % share), medicine (17.74 % share), immunology and microbiology (13.99 % share), biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (13.99 % share), environment science (5.08 % share) and pharmacology, toxicology and pharmaceutics (3.11 % share) during 2003-2012. Among narrow sub-fields, the focused areas were camel disease and infection, camel milk and dairy produce, camel non-milk products, camel reproduction, camel feed and diet camel physiology, camel genetics, camel parasitology, etc. The world camel research output originated from 311 organizations, of which the top 20 contributed 31.72 % global publication share during 2003-2012. © 2014 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

The Koraput region of the Eastern Ghats of India is a unique area of topographical and ecological diversity with great variation in altitude (80-1, 500 m). It is predominantly inhabited by some of the most primitive tribes of diverse origin, who are mostly involved in agriculture-related activities. The archeological evidences and available agrobiodiversity, including the ancestral species and the intermediate forms of some of the important crop species suggest that the interaction of the early tribes with the landscape and the biodiversity has resulted in the domestication of several species, including some of the most important crops, like rice and pigeonpea, breeds of some cattle, and the introduction of a few species. The cultivation of domesticated species under diverse ecological conditions evolved various production systems suited to the diverse ecologies and a reservoir of genetic diversity in the form of landraces and farmers' varieties. Together the local tribes have conserved diverse cultural and cultivation practices, and a large number of landraces and farmers' varieties, making significant contributions towards global agriculture. Recently, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in recognition of these significant contributions facilitating the livelihood of humanity have recognized the region as one of the sites of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. The present article enumerates some of these contributions to justify the world recognition, and proposes the region as another Indian national agricultural biodiversity heritage site.

The arid region of western Rajasthan, parts of southern Haryana, and the Kutch region of Gujarat harbor a unique biodiversity that is adapted to conditions of low water availability. Recognizing the region's chronic scarcity of water, the local communities have developed unique methods for the storage and conservation of water, such as step-wells, khadin, etc., to sustain themselves and their agricultural activities. The farmers have developed ingenious agroforestry systems that incorporate indigenous multipurpose trees (Prosopis cineraria), exotic drought-tolerant cereals (pearl millet), and pulses (cowpea), in order to facilitate dryland agriculture and to effectively manage the extreme environment. The traditional animal husbandry of nomadic settlements (the phase in human evolution subsequent to that of hunting and gathering) is still practiced, facilitating the sustainable use of grasslands and its development into a profitable proposition. Further, the region has contributed to international agriculture by selecting early-maturing, drought-, heat-, and salinity-tolerant varieties in major crops. The present article illustrates these facts in some detail to justify the proposition of this region as another Agricultural Biodiversity Heritage Site.

Goyal D.,Sector | Vanraj,Sector | Pabla B.S.,Sector | Dhami S.S.,Sector
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering | Year: 2016

Condition monitoring of gearboxes which is considered as a key element of rotating machines ensures to continuously reduce and eliminate cost, unscheduled downtime and unexpected breakdowns. Although, a lot of work on condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of fixed-axis gearbox has been reported in the literature, however only a few have found their way to industrial applications. The ability of condition statistical indicators is to provide accurate and precise information about the health of various components at different levels of damage. In this paper, frequently used condition indicators are addressed domain-wise and their characteristics are stated. This paper presents the review of work to provide a wide and good reference for researchers to be utilized. The structure of a fixed-axis gearbox in addition to the unique behaviors and fault characteristics of fixed-axis gearbox has been recognized and represented. By extensively reviewing and categorizing important papers and articles, this paper is able to summarize the conditional monitoring indicators on basis of adopted methodologies. Lastly, open problems are stated and further research prospects pointed out. © 2016 CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain

Bhargava O.N.,Sector | Frank W.,Koehldorfer Street 26 | Bertle R.,Geognos Bertle Zt Gmbtt
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences | Year: 2011

The Tons Valley, situated in the central-easternmost part of the Himachal Lesser Himalaya, adjoining the Garhwal Himalaya, shows geological features suggestive of a strong pre-Tertiary deformational episode. The Paleoproterozoic Dharagad Group, overlain by the Mesoproterozoic Deoban and Neoproterozoic Simla groups rest as a thrust sheet over the Middle Cambrian Chilar Formation, which occurs as windows and also as tectonic slivers within the thrust sheet designated as the Dharagad Thrust Sheet (DTS). The mineral lineation, inclination of tectonic slivers and overturned beds suggest that the DTS was translated from the NE. The westernmost and southwesternmost leading edges of the DTS are exposed at Subathu and Morni WNW and WSW respectively of the Tons Valley. The position of the leading edges of the DTS vis-à-vis the windows in the Tons Valley suggest a minimum translation of about 50. km for the DTS. The Simla Group at Subathu and the Deoban at Morni, forming parts of the DTS, constitute basement for the Thanetian-Lutetian Subathu Formation of the Himalayan Foreland Basin (HFB). This stratigraphic relationship unambiguously demonstrates that the Simla and the Deoban Groups, forming leading edges of the allochthonous DTS, were already translated and emplaced at Subathu and Morni before the creation of the HFB in which the deposition commenced with the Subathu Formation in Thanetian. It implies that the DTS was translated from the NE to the present position at Subathu and Morni in pre-Thanetian time. There is no direct evidence to constrain the age of the thrusting.In view of regional regression in Late Cambrian, a distinct angular unconformity between the Cambrian and the overlying Ordovician, Early Paleozoic metamorphism and extensive development of Early Paleozoic granites and their rapid exhumation, a Late Cambrian age is suggested for the DTS thrusting. Not only the direction of movement of the DTS is same as that of the Tertiary thrust sheets but also Cambrian folds are co-axial with the Tertiary folds. This strange coincidence shows that similar kinematic field existed during two tectonic events. A ridge, like the present Central Crystalline Axis, was elevated between the Tethyan and Lesser Himalayan basins, which contributed zircons of the Early Cambrian age to both basins. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Eugen S.,sector
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2013

The goal at the present paper is to present an interface develop for a research program that was develop for a PhD theses. The program simulates a magnetron machine used in industrial coating of the glass sheets. The interface is intended to be used by operators of the machine. An objective of the study is to present the steps needed to develop an interface that is very easy to use and in the same time controls a very complex program. © (2013)Trans Tech Publications,Switzerland.

Williams J.C.,University of Massachusetts Boston | Basu A.R.,University of Rochester | Bhargava O.N.,Sector | Ahluwalia A.D.,Panjab University | Hannigan R.E.,University of Massachusetts Boston
Chemical Geology | Year: 2012

The geochemistry of black shales can faithfully record paleoenvironmental conditions. However, the original geochemical signatures are obscured by post-depositional events such as diagenesis and weathering. Resolving the relative influence of these processes on the geochemistry of shales requires a combination of geochemical and chemometric (chemical statistics) approaches to data analysis that identify the sources of variance in major and trace element geochemistry. The Permian Gungri Shale (Kuling Group) at Attargoo (Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh, India) is a gray to black shale capped, unconformably by an iron-rich pebble-sand layer ("ferruginous layer") marking, ostensibly, the Permian-Triassic boundary. High resolution analysis of the Gungri at Attargoo (~. 3. cm intervals) reveals a geochemical record complicated by low-grade metamorphism/diagenesis and modern weathering. Using multivariate chemometric techniques (e.g., Principal Component Analysis) we identified variance in the geochemical record associated with the original detrital and depositional conditions. We also identified 4 beds within the Gungri that mark "depositional events" which may correlate to those identified in other PT sections (e.g., Guryul Ravine, Kashmir). Identification of sources of variance allowed us to identify geochemical signatures that can be used for paleooceanographic reconstruction. The Attargoo section records a sequence of discrete events including transient iron-enrichments attributed to euxinic depositional conditions and late diagenetic formation of siderite and regression condensation surfaces associated with pulsed transgression-regression towards the uppermost Permian. Our results show that chemometric analysis of geochemical data enables the resolution of paleoenvironmental conditions in shales impacted by post-depositional alteration. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

There are eight currents of water under the earth running towards the (four) main and (four) intermediary directions and there is the ninth forceful current (at the center) proceeding upward. These are the main water currents and are stated to be fruitful for acquiring (a constant flow of) water. - Chakrapani Mishra [Source: Vishvavallabha (1577 AD)].

Bhakoo O.N.,Sector | Kumar P.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Indian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

Maternal and neonatal health is the current focus of central and state governments as well as various funding organizations. There is a lot happening in terms of expansion of secondary healthcare facilities and training of the healthcare personnel. This offers an exciting opportunity like never before, for those interested in the welfare of the newborns. Although infant and neonatal mortality rates in our country have been falling progressively, the pace has been much slower than expected, especially for neonatal mortality and we are likely to miss the Millennium Development Goals. In this article, the authors critically review the current status of neonatal health, infrastructure for neonatal care, the current national programs, the peculiar challenges we face and offer suggestions for alternative approaches to the way forward. The authors propose that neonatal care should be delivered as a continuum through an integrated district based model run by empowered District Coordination Committees with a smooth flow of referral and back-referrals between different levels of care. The prioritization and planning should be based on local data, needs and geopolitical scenario rather than a single national plan, which can provide a broad guideline. The need of the hour is to revive and make the primary care system functional and accountable while expanding and ensuring quality of special care services. © 2012 Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.

Juneja K.,Sector
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016

Illumination Variation and wearable objects loses the partial facial information that it degrades the accuracy of recognition process. In this paper, a high performance driven accurate method is provided for facial recognition. The proposed MFAST (Multi-Featured Analog Signal Transformed) Model genuinely transmute the substantial facial information in analog featured conformation. This analog featured structured is formed using segmented featured elicitation. These features include center difference evaluation as moment, the asymmetric structure analysis as Skewness and Outlier Prone Measure as Kurtosis. These analogous features are shaped to justified form and generate a compound signal form. Mapping of these distillates signal points over facial dataset with specification of threshold window. The decomposed form recognition method enhanced the accuracy and performance. The experimentation on FERET, LFW and Indian Databases signify that the model outperformed than existing algorithms. © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016.

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