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Martos G.,Institute of Food Science Research | Pineda-Vadillo C.,Institute of Food Science Research | Miralles B.,Institute of Food Science Research | Alonso-Lebrero E.,Section of Pediatric Allergy | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Riboflavin binding protein (RfBP) is a minor protein in hen egg; its potential involvement in egg allergy has seldom been studied. The aim of this work was to investigate the IgE binding capacity of RfBP before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion. It was shown that digestion of RfBP mainly occurred during the gastric phase. The protein fragments resulting from the subsequent duodenal phase remained linked through disulfide bonds. Both the intact protein and its digests were subjected to inhibition ELISA with sera obtained from patients allergic to egg. The results revealed significant IgE binding to intact RfBP, whereas the digests showed reduced but substantial IgE binding levels, with serum-to-serum variability. The RfBP digests were then subjected to immunoblot with allergic patients' sera, and the IgE-reactive peptides were further analyzed by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry for sequence determination. The RfBP sequence 41-84 was identified as a novel IgE binding peptide in patients allergic to egg. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

Nieto A.,Pediatric Allergy and Pneumology Unit | Mazon A.,Pediatric Allergy and Pneumology Unit | Martin-Mateos M.A.,Section of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Plaza A.-M.,Section of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology | And 14 more authors.
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

The data of the ISAAC project in Spain show a prevalence of childhood asthma ranging from 7.1% to 15.3%, with regional differences; a higher prevalence, 22.6% to 35.8%, is described for rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis is found in 4.1% to 7.6% of children. The prevalence of food allergy is 3%. All children in Spain have the right to be visited in the National Health System. The medical care at the primary level is provided by pediatricians, who have obtained their titles through a 4-yr medical residency training program. The education on pediatric allergy during that period is not compulsory and thus very variable. There are currently 112 certified European pediatric allergists in Spain, who have obtained the accreditation of the European Union of Medical Specialist for proven skills and experience in pediatric allergy. Future specialists in pediatric allergy should obtain their titles through a specific education program to be developed in one of the four accredited training units on pediatric allergy, after obtaining the title on pediatrics. The Spanish Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology (SEICAP) gathers over 350 pediatric allergists and pediatricians working in this field. SEICAP has a growing activity including yearly congresses, continued education courses, elaboration of technical clinical documents and protocols, education of patients, and collaboration with other scientific societies and associations of patients. The official journal of SEICAP is Allergologia et Immunophatologia, published every 2months since 1972. The web site of SEICAP, open since 2004, offers information for professionals and extensive information on pediatric allergic and immunologic disorders for the lay public; the web site is receiving 750 daily visits during 2011. The pediatric allergy units are very active in clinical work, procedures as immunotherapy or induction of oral tolerance in food allergy, contribution to scientific literature, and collaboration in international projects. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

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