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Pala L.,University of Florence | Ciani S.,University of Florence | Dicembrini I.,University of Florence | Bardini G.,University of Florence | And 5 more authors.
Diabetic Medicine | Year: 2010

Aim The reduced levels of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) after an oral glucose load in Type 2 diabetic patients could be dependent either on a reduced synthesis or an increased degradation; but GLP-1 and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) have not been studied together. The aim of the present study was to investigate GLP-1 and DPP-IV levels during an OGTT in patients with different degrees of glucose tolerance. Methods Fifty six subjects (34 female, 22 male) matched for sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference underwent a 75g oral glucose tolerance test. Twenty-eight had normal glucose tolerance, 15 had impaired glucose tolerance and 13 had Type 2 diabetes mellitus. GLP-1 assay was performed with an ELISA kit, and DPP-IV assay using a colorimetric method. Results At 30 min GLP-1 levels were significantly lower in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to those with normal glucose tolerance. The area under the GLP-1 curve was significantly different among the three groups; there was a significant decrease between subjects with normal and impaired glucose tolerance(P = 0.004) and between those with normal glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (P < 0.001), while the area under the curve for DPP-IV showed no significant difference between the groups. Conclusions These results suggest that an increase of GLP-1 degradation does not play a role in the early stages of diabetes mellitus. © 2010 Diabetes UK.

Castellini G.,University of Florence | Mannucci E.,Section of Geriatric Cardiology | Lo Sauro C.,University of Florence | Benni L.,University of Florence | And 5 more authors.
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics | Year: 2012

Background: Different studies considered the mechanisms involved in the maintenance of binge eating in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), suggesting different pathways. The present 3-year follow-up study evaluated the relationships between psychopathological variables, and objective and subjective binge eating episodes in the two syndromes. Methods: 85 BN and 133 BED patients were studied. Objective and subjective binge eating, and psychopathological data were collected in a face-to-face interview, and by means of different self-reported questionnaires. The same assessment was repeated at baseline (T0), at the end of an individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (T1), and 3 years after the end of treatment (T2). Results: At baseline, BN and BED patients showed different emotions associated with binge eating: anger/frustration for BN and depression for BED patients. Objective binge eating frequency reduction across time was associated with lower impulsivity and shape concern in BN patients, and with lower emotional eating and depressive symptoms in BED patients. Lower subjective binge eating frequency at baseline predicted recovery, in both BN and BED patients. Recovery was associated with lower impulsivity and body shape concern at baseline for BN patients, and lower depression and emotional eating for BED patients. Conclusions: Eating psychopathology, psychiatric comorbidity, impulsivity and emotional eating have a different pattern of association with objective and subjective binge eating in BN and BED patients, and they act as different moderators of treatment. A different target of intervention for these two syndromes might be taken into account, and subjective binge eating deserves an accurate assessment. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Monami M.,Section of Geriatric Cardiology | Lamanna C.,Section of Geriatric Cardiology | Marchionni N.,Section of Geriatric Cardiology | Mannucci E.,Section of Geriatric Cardiology
Acta Diabetologica | Year: 2010

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) is considered an option for type 1 diabetic patients unsatisfactorily controlled with multiple daily injections (MDI). Short-acting analogs are superior to regular human insulin in CSII. This meta-analysis is aimed at assessing the advantages of short-acting analog-based CSII over MDI in type 1 diabetes. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing CSII (with analogs) and MDI for at least 12 weeks in type 1 diabetic patients were retrieved, assessing between-group differences in HbA1c and incidence of hypoglycemia. A total of 11 RCTs was included in the analysis. CSII was associated with a significant improvement of HbA1c in comparison with MDI (standardized difference in mean: -0.3 [-0.4;-0.1]%; P < 0.001). No significant difference was observed in the rate of severe hypoglycemic episodes. The reduction of HbA1c with CSII was evident in trials enrolling patients with mean age greater than 10 years, but not in younger children. Available data justify the use of CSII for basal-bolus insulin therapy in type 1 diabetic patients unsatisfactorily controlled with MDI. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.

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