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Chicago Ridge, IL, United States

Salma U.,Sims Institute Sims IVF | Gill H.K.,Section of Family Planning | Keith L.G.,Section of Family Planning | Keith L.G.,Northwestern University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Assisted Reproduction | Year: 2011

The concept of male subfertility has evolved rapidly since 2000. This term is discussed based upon evidence relating to its first entrance into the literature, along with contemporary references to its purported incidence and prevalence. Factors affecting sperm quality are described in detail, and available data pertaining to the effects of micronutrients on spermatic parameters and resulting pregnancies are described. The first cost-efficiency analysis of the use of micronutrients vs. assisted reproductive technologies is presented. This paper also describes a therapeutic approach to males, recognizing that many potential fathers have no recourse to medical facilities to evaluate their fertility. At a time when medical dollars are either nonexistent or precious, such an approach using micronutrient supplementation may be cost-effective in developing and possibly even in developed countries. © 2011 Salma et al. Source

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