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Alīgarh, India

Anis S.B.,Section of Entomology
Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

The Diaspidids (Homoptera: Diasapididae) attack variety of plants and fruit trees like mango, apple, peach, citrus and plants like rose, tea etc. by a constant sucking of plant juices. Their mode of feeding not only damages the plant but also causes secondary infections. The biological control of these diaspidids can be done by many Indian encyrtid parasitoids, the successful biological control programmes largely depend upon the correct identification of these parasitoid species, as well as their correct status (primary or secondary parasitoids). The sound taxonomic and biological knowledge regarding these parasitoids is needed before their recommendation in any biological control programme. In the present paper, a basic taxonomic study has been conducted to provide valuable information on Indian encyrtid parasitoids through keys, description, their host and distribution. Source

Rehmat T.,Section of Entomology | Anis S.B.,Section of Entomology | Khan M.T.,Section of Entomology | Fatma J.,Section of Entomology | Begum S.,Section of Entomology
Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

The members of the family Diaspididae are among the most important pests in agriculture and considered as a promising target for the biological control programmes. These insects may attack any part of plant by sucking sap, injecting toxic saliva, due to which the trees show heavy damage resulting in collapse. However, these insects are usually parasitized by the members of the families like Aphelinidae, Encyrtidae and Signiphoridae. Among these families of parasitic hymenoptera, the members of the family Aphelinidae appear to be a dominant factor in bringing about partial to complete control of these insects. The taxonomic study of these parasitoids is essential to provide correct identification without which successful control measures cannot be achieved. Present work is a preliminary step in providing knowledge of Indian Aphelinid genera which acts as an efficient biocontrol agent against above mentioned pest species and found to be helpful in biological control programmes. Source

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