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Pereira A.D.S.,Secretaria de Educacao da Prefeitura Municipal de Paraty | Vieira C.B.L.,Secretaria Estadual de Saude | Barbosa R.M.S.,Fundacao Ataulpho de Paiva | Soares E.A.,State University of Rio de Janeiro | Lanzillotti H.S.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Revista Paulista de Pediatria | Year: 2010

Objective: To compare the nutritional assessment of preschool children according to Brazilian (Conde and Monteiro, 2006) and international guidelines (Centers for Disease Control - CDC, 2000, and World Health Organization - OMS, 2006). Methods: Cross-sectional study with 312 preschool children attending day care centers in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Assessment of nutritional status was based on anthropometry done by the standard technique. The diagnosis of nutritional status according to CDC and WHO was based on the weight-for-age, weight-for-height and height-for-age indexes, considering underweight, overweight and obesity measures <15th percentile, ≥85 th percentile and ≥97th percentile, respectively. The classification of nutritional status based on the Body Mass Index (BMI) used the cut-off points established by Conde and Monteiro. The statistical analysis used Friedmam and chi-square tests, being significant p<0.05. Results: No differences were noted between preschool genders when comparing the BMI criteria and the weight/ height index of CDC and WHO criteria. Regarding the weight/age index, no differences were observed for both girls and boys with the CDC and WHO criteria. However, there were differences when these criteria were compared for height/age index for boys (chi-square, p=0.0026). Conclusions: Criteria used for the nutritional assessment of preschool children do not differ significantly among themselves, except for the height/age index for boys. Source

The study aimed to identify the knowledge of adolescents, residents in an area where the Family Health Strategy is present, about the vaccination calendar and acquired protection. The nature of this inquiry was quantitative, sectional and it was developed through home inquiry, from 2008 March to April. The data had been typed and processed by using the Epi-Info software. It was noted that the adolescents in this study were unaware of the recommended vaccines present in the Ministry of Health calendar. Considering that the study was carried out in Family Health Strategy environment and being the vaccine a priority action, it was expected to find a population more aware on the vaccination calendar. Source

Regis L.N.,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Fiocruz Pe | Acioli R.V.,Secretaria Estadual de Saude | Silveira Jr. J.C.,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Fiocruz Pe | Melo-Santos M.A.V.,Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Fiocruz Pe | And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Aedes aegypti has developed evolution-driven adaptations for surviving in the domestic human habitat. Several trap models have been designed considering these strategies and tested for monitoring this efficient vector of Dengue. Here, we report a real-scale evaluation of a system for monitoring and controlling mosquito populations based on egg sampling coupled with geographic information systems technology. The SMCP-Aedes, a system based on open technology and open data standards, was set up from March/2008 to October/2011 as a pilot trial in two sites of Pernambuco -Brazil: Ipojuca (10,000 residents) and Santa Cruz (83,000), in a joint effort of health authorities and staff, and a network of scientists providing scientific support. A widespread infestation by Aedes was found in both sites in 2008-2009, with 96.8%-100% trap positivity. Egg densities were markedly higher in SCC than in Ipojuca. A 90% decrease in egg density was recorded in SCC after two years of sustained control pressure imposed by suppression of >7,500,000 eggs and >3,200 adults, plus larval control by adding fishes to cisterns. In Ipojuca, 1.1 million mosquito eggs were suppressed and a 77% reduction in egg density was achieved. This study aimed at assessing the applicability of a system using GIS and spatial statistic analysis tools for quantitative assessment of mosquito populations. It also provided useful information on the requirements for reducing well-established mosquito populations. Results from two cities led us to conclude that the success in markedly reducing an Aedes population required the appropriate choice of control measures for sustained mass elimination guided by a user-friendly mosquito surveillance system. The system was able to support interventional decisions and to assess the program's success. Additionally, it created a stimulating environment for health staff and residents, which had a positive impact on their commitment to the dengue control program. © 2013 Regis et al. Source

De Barros Lopes L.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Guterres A.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Rozental T.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Carvalho De Oliveira R.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | And 14 more authors.
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2014

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the presence of rickettsia and hantavirus in wild rodents and arthropods in response to an outbreak of acute unidentified febrile illness among Indians in the Halataikwa Indian Reserve, northwest of the Mato Grosso state, in the Brazilian Amazon. Where previously surveillance data showed serologic evidence of rickettsia and hantavirus human infection. Methods. The arthropods were collected from the healthy Indian population and by flagging vegetation in grassland or woodland along the peridomestic environment of the Indian reserve. Wild rodents were live-trapped in an area bordering the reserve limits, due the impossibility of capturing wild animals in the Indian reserve. The wild rodents were identified based on external and cranial morphology and karyotype. DNA was extracted from spleen or liver samples of rodents and from invertebrate (tick and louse) pools, and the molecular characterization of the rickettsia was through PCR and DNA sequencing of fragments of two rickettsial genes (gltA and ompA). In relation to hantavirus, rodent serum samples were serologically screened by IgG ELISA using the Araraquara-N antigen and total RNA was extracted from lung samples of IgG-positive rodents. The amplification of the complete S segment was performed. Results: A total of 153 wild rodents, 121 louse, and 36 tick specimens were collected in 2010. Laguna Negra hantavirus was identified in Calomys callidus rodents and Rickettsia bellii, Rickettsia amblyommii were identified in Amblyomma cajennense ticks. Conclusions: Zoonotic diseases such as HCPS and spotted fever rickettsiosis are a public health threat and should be considered in outbreaks and acute febrile illnesses among Indian populations. The presence of the genome of rickettsias and hantavirus in animals in this Indian reserve reinforces the need to include these infectious agents in outbreak investigations of febrile cases in Indian populations. © 2014 de Barros Lopes et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Vaz I.M.F.,Federal University of Goais | Freitas A.T.V.S.,Federal University of Goais | Peixoto M.R.G.,Federal University of Goais | Ferraz S.F.,Secretaria Estadual de Saude | Campos M.I.V.A.M.,Secretaria Estadual de Saude
Revista de Nutricao | Year: 2014

Objective: following especific recommendations for this population and according to Food Guide for the Brazilian Population. Methods: A cross-sectional study, 118 adult patients, considered stable from, ten dialysis centers in Goiânia, Goiás. Dietary intake was estimated by six 24-hour recalls, and classified as adequate or inadequate, according to specific recommendations for individuals undergoing dialysis and that recommended for a healthy diet. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Average dietary intake of 2022.40 ± 283.70 kcal/day; 31.18 kcal/kg/day; 55.03 ± 4.20% carbohydrate; 30.23 ± 3.71% lipid, 1.18 ± 0.23 g protein/kg/day. Important prevalences of inadequacy were observed for the intake of calories (39.0%), protein (39.0%) and other nutrients such as retinol (94.9%), saturated fat (87.3%), cholesterol (61,9%), iron (61.0%), potassium (60.2%) and zinc (45.0%). Patients had a low intake of fruit food group (1.22 ± 0.89 servings) and vegetables (1.76 ± 1.01 servings), dairy products (0.57 ± 0.43 servings) and high intake of food group of oils and fats (3.45 ± 0.95 servings), sugars and sweets (1.55 ± 0.77 servings). Conclusion: Observed food consumption imbalance, characterized by excess of oils and fats, especially saturated oils and cholesterol, sugars and sweets, parallel to low intake of fruits and vegetables and dairy products. A considerable percentage of patients did not intake the minimum recommended of calories, protein, retinol, iron, zinc and potassium. Source

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