Goncalves N.A.,Secretaria de Seguranca Alimentar de Sao Vicente |
Cecchi P.P.,Secretaria de Seguranca Alimentar de Sao Vicente |
Oliveira M.M.,Secretaria de Seguranca Alimentar de Sao Vicente |
Mollo V.M.H.,Secretaria de Seguranca Alimentar de Sao Vicente |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Human Growth and Development | Year: 2012
Adolescence is a period of life characterized by various physical and behavioral changes, which have direct influence on food consumption patterns. Because of these changes, there is an increase in nutritional needs. The adolescent athlete who adopts inappropriate feeding behaviors may have their performance and health impaired. This study aims to assess dietary intakes of adolescents practicing canoeing of the Nautical Center in São Vicente / SP. The sample consisted of 52 adolescents (78.85% male and 21,15% female) with socioeconomic vulnerability, which was measured BMI (WHO, 2006) and fat percentage (SLAUGHTER et al., 1988). In relation to food consumption, we applied a 24-hour dietary recall and a food frequency questionnaire adapted, based on the model proposed by VILLAR, 2001. We calculated energy intake, carbohydrates, lipids, protein, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron. The results were compared to WHO recommendations, 2003 (Report 916) and IOM (1997, 1998, 2000 and 2001). In relation to anthropometric, 21.16% of the practitioners were overweight and 36.53% had excess of body fat. About the consumption of food groups, we observed low intake of fruits and vegetables and high intake of fats and oils. 7.69% and 9.61% of examined, respectively, did not carry lunch and dinner. The average intake of kilocalories, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C and calcium were below the recommendations. The average distribution of macronutrients were within the normal ranges. The iron was shown with consumption above the recommended values. The results indicate the need for adequate nutritional monitoring of this group, with implementation of food security actions in view of the importance of proper nutrition in this age group for disease prevention, health maintenance and performance.