Muzi M.E.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria |
Losardo P.G.,Secretaria de Agricultura Familiar
Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias | Year: 2015
The Municipality of Comallo is located in the department of Pilcaniyeu, Río Negro province. The main productive activity is the extensive ranching sheep and goat. This area suffered a drought process and the effects caused by the eruption of Puyehue volcano in June 2011. The aim is to make a socio-productive characterization after the ash in the area of influence of the Comallo Municipality. A descriptive analysis of the producers register of Comallo (2013) was performed. A methodological device based on semi-structured interviews randomly selected in proportionate amounts related to the total number of producers in each small rural location of farmers was developed. Two natural climate events such as reading points: snowfall in 1984 and the ashes of 2011 were considered. The main results in the period 1984-2013 denote a decrease in the small animals stock of the 78[%] with a proportion of residents living in the farm of 91[%] to 43[%], representing the dynamic relationship farm-village. The 87[%] is represented by producers who cannot live exclusively of the farm productive activity and a 70[%] cannot afford the self-consumption of meat, so they must resort to other survival strategies. However, there is a permanent moving of population farm-village in search of educational, employment alternatives and health. The 64[%] of farm households receive state appropriations and the 82[%] are retirement pensions. The farm-village relation, the age group of 20-65 years as state policy subjects, the repopulation of the farms, among others, is issues to consider when defining public policies.