Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan

Kunshan, China

Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan

Kunshan, China

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Li N.,Fudan University | Chu Y.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | Yao L.,Fudan University | Ying X.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: To investigate the effect of a monoclonal antibody (CH12), targeted against epidermal growth factor receptor type III variant (EGFRvIII), on human ovarian cancer cells when administered in combination with cisplatin chemotherapy. Methods: Western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to determine the expression levels of EGFRvIII protein and mRNA, respectively, in the ovarian cancer cell lines SK-OV-3 and CAOV-3. Cells were left untreated or treated with either cisplatin or CH12 alone or both agents in combination (2 μg/ml cisplatin plus CH12). Cell proliferation was detected in a CCK-8 assay. The binding affinities of the CH12 mAb to the 2 cell lines were analyzed; after treatment with cisplatin and different concentrations of CH12, the apoptotic ratios and cell cycle stages of SK-OV-3 cells were determined by flow cytometry (FCM). Results: The express of EGFRvIII mRNA and protein in the two ovarian cancer cell lines were both detected. Analysis of the combination index yielded a value of 0.915, indicating that 2 drugs have a synergistic therapeutic effect. SK-OV-3 cells were observed to be much more resistant to cisplatin than CAOV-3 cells. The primary combinatorial effect of the 2 drugs was the induction of apoptosis, but we also observed synergic co-inhibition of the cell cycle of SK-OV-3 in the S phase. Conclusions: We conclude that CH12 antibody is a promising candidate for clinical therapy for ovarian cancer cells, which has lower sensitivity to cisplatin treatment; however, the underlying mechanism needs further study. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Zhang C.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | Liu K.,Jiangsu University | Li T.,Jiangsu University | Fang J.,Jiangsu University | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2016

Breast cancer is characterized by an elevated capacity for tumor invasion and lymph node metastasis, but the cause remains to be determined. Recent studies suggest that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the evolution of malignant behavior by regulating multiple target genes. A key oncomir in carcinogenesis is miR-21, which is consistently upregulated in a wide range of cancers. However, few functional studies are available for miR-21, and few targets have been identified. In this study, we explored the role of miR-21 in human breast cancer cells and searched for miR-21 targets. Total RNA from breast cancer tissue and corresponding adjacent normal tissue was extracted and used to detect miR-21 expression by quantificational real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), followed by analysis of the correlation between gonad hormone indices in peripheral blood and miR-21 expression in cancerous tissues from the same patients. Cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were then examined to determine the role of miR-21 in regulating breast cancer cells. Finally, western blotting was performed to determine if miR-21 regulated expression of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), and assays of cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were performed to examine the role of STAT3 in regulation of breast cancer cells. We found that expression of miR-21 increased from normal through benign to cancerous breast tissues. Enhanced miR-21 expression was associated with serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol, human chorionic gonadotropin, testosterone and prolactin in patients with breast cancer. Furthermore, cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were increased after overexpression of miR-21 in breast cancer cells and reduced by miR-21 suppression. In addition, we identified a putative miR-21 binding site in the 3'-untranslated region of the STAT3 gene using an online bioinformatical tool. We found that protein expression of STAT3 was significantly downregulated when breast cancer cells were transfected with miR-21 mimics, and was significantly upregulated in breast cancer cells transfected with a miR-21 inhibitor. Finally, we found that cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were decreased by treatment with 2.5 nM of Stattic, an inhibitor of STAT3 activation. Our data suggest that miR-21 expression is increased in breast cancer and plays an important role as a tumor gene by targeting STAT3, which may act as a double-response controller in breast cancer.

Mao Z.,Soochow University of China | Bian G.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | Sheng W.,Soochow University of China | He S.,Soochow University of China | And 2 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

Chemotherapy is one of the commonly used strategies in gastric cancer, especially for unresectable patients, but it becomes insensitive to repeated administration of even the most effective chemotherapeutic agents, such as cisplatin. Given this, there is an urgent need for developing chemosensitizers to overcome acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. Interleukin-24 (IL-24), a cytokine-tumor suppressor, shows broad-spectrum and tumor-specific antitumor properties, and studies have demonstrated that IL-24 could conspicuously restore the chemosensitivity of MDR cancer cells. Herein, we developed a human MDR gastric cancer cell subline, SGC7901/CDDP, by repeated selection of resistant clones of parental sensitive cells, and further investigated the chemosensitizing effects and the underlying mechanisms of adenovirus-mediated IL-24 (Ad-IL-24) gene therapy plus CDDP for the human MDR gastric cancer cells SGC7901/CDDP in vitro and in vivo. The results demonstrated that the expression of IL-24 mRNA and protein was profoundly downregulated in SGC7901/CDDP cells by RT-PCR and western blot analysis. In addition, the cell viability assay showed that the IC50 of SGC7901/CDDP cells to CDDP, 5-FU, ADM and MTX was significantly enhanced compared to parental sensitive SGC7901 cells. Ad-IL-24-induced IL-24 overexpression decreased the IC 50 of the above agents (not MTX), induced G2/M cell cycle arrest, and Ad-IL-24 plus CDDP elicited significant apoptosis and tumor suppression of SGC7901/CDDP cells in vitro and SGC7901/CDDP cell xenograft tumors in vivo, respectively. Moreover, our results demonstrated that the mechanisms of Ad-IL-24-elicited chemosensitizing effects were closely associated with a substantial upregulation of Bax and downregulation of P-gp and Bcl-2 in SGC7901/CDDP cells in vitro and SGC7901/CDDP xenograft tissues in vivo. Thus, this study indicates that overexpression of IL-24 gene can significantly promote chemosensitivity in MDR phenotype SGC7901/CDDP gastric cancer cells.

Liu K.,Jiangsu University | Zhang C.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | Li T.,Jiangsu University | Ding Y.,Jiangsu University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2015

Let-7 is one of the earliest discovered microRNAs (miRNAs) and has been reported to regulate self renewal and tumorigenicity of breast cancer cells. Let-7a is a member of this family and its function has not been fully characterized in breast cancer. First, total RNAs of breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231, MCF-7), breast cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues were extracted and used to detect let-7a expression by qRT-PCR. Secondly, the effects of let-7a on proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells were assessed by in vitro cell culture experiments. Finally, western blotting was performed to demonstrate how let-7a regulated HMGA1 expression. We found that let-7a expression was significantly lower in breast cancer cells and breast cancer tissues compared to corresponding adjacent normal tissues. Cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were decreased after overexpression of let-7a in breast cancer cells and vice versa. Furthermore, we identified the high mobility group A1 (HMGA1) as a potential target gene of let-7a. Protein expression of the target gene was significantly downregulated in let-7a mimic transfected breast cancer cells and significantly upregulated in let-7a inhibitor transfected breast cancer cells. Our data suggest that let-7a plays an important role as a tumor suppressor gene by targeting HMGA1, which may open novel perspectives for clinical treatments against breast cancer. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.

Li T.,Jiangsu University | Zhang C.,Second Peoples Hospital of Kunshan | Ding Y.,Jiangsu University | Zhai W.,Jiangsu University | And 11 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to migrate to tumor tissues and to play an important role in cancer progression. However, the effects of MSCs on tumor progression remain controversial. The purpose of the present study was to detect the effects of human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs) on the human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 in vitro and the underlying mechanisms. MSCs were isolated and identified from umbilical cord tissues. MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells were treated with conditioned medium (CM) from 10 and 20% umbilical cord MSCs (UC-MSCs), and the resulting changes in proliferation and migration were investigated. The 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and plate clone formation assays were used to assess the effect on proliferation, and the effects of CM on MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 migration were assessed through scratch wound and Transwell migration assays. The expression of cell proliferation- and metastasis-related genes and proteins and activation of the ERK signaling pathway were analyzed by RT-PCR and western blot assays. UC-MSCs are characteristically similar to bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs) and exhibit multipotential differentiation capability (i.e., osteoblasts and adipocytes). The MTT, plate clone formation, scratch wound and Transwell migration assay results revealed that 10 and 20% CM promoted the proliferation and migration to higher levels than those observed in the control group. Our findings showed that UC-MSC-CM inhibited E-cadherin expression, increased the expression of N-cadherin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and enhanced the expression of ZEB1, a transcription factor involved in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), through activation of the ERK pathway. U0126, an inhibitor of ERK, reversed the effects of UC-MSC-CM on breast cancer cell proliferation and migration. We conclude that UC-MSCs promote the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cell lines via activation of the ERK pathway.

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